Record Details

NHER Number:377
Type of record:Monument
Name:Cathedral Close (cathedral precinct)

Summary

The Cathedral Close is an irregular oblong, running east to the River Wensum half a mile from the Erpingham Gate. Within this space are three distinct zones. The cathedral occupies the west portion; north of this are the buildings associated with Norwich School and the Bishop's Palace; to the east are playing fields and small streets laid out with polite and sometimes grand 17th century and Georgian houses. The layout of the Close is as the Normans left it, and the Reformation hardly altered it, except that after 1538 more townspeople rented houses, even if an address in the Close only became fashionable at the end of the 17th century.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2365 0888
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

Precinct of Cathedral.
Within the precinct of Norwich Cathedral, information from Norfolk Archaeological Records. In 1860 a bronze tripod cauldron found, whilst digging foundations in Bishopsgate Street. Exhibited by Sir John Boileau in 1865.
M. Leah (NAU), 25 February 1991.

After the workhouse in the Infirmary was closed a new workhouse was built 'in the northeast corner of the precincts' in 1795, lasting until the 19th century.
Number19 The Close was designed by Arthur Lacey and built by W. Brewster in 1892 but it is not a listed building and no other details are known.
See (S1).
E. Rose (NLA), 26 January 2001.

For the most comprehensive account of the Close, see (S2).
E. Rose (NLA), 28 January 2006.

(S2) also stresses the important fact that the churches engulfed by the Close and now demolished retained their own burial rights even after this.
E. Rose (NLA), 19 September 2006.

Press cuttings (S3) and (S4) and geophysical survey report (S5) in file.

In shape the Close is an irregular oblong, running east to the River Wensum half a mile from the Erpingham Gate. Within this space are three distinct zones. The cathedral occupies the west portion; north of this are the buildings associated with Norwich School and the Bishop's Palace; to the east are playing fields and small streets laid out with polite and sometimes grand 17th century and Georgian houses. The layout of the Close is as the Normans left it, and the Reformation hardly altered it.
Information from (S6).
P. Aldridge (NLA), 4 April 2007.

March 2008. Watching brief.
Details to come.
A. Cattermole (NLA), 12 March 2008.

Monument Types

  • BUILDING (Unknown date)
  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • STRUCTURE (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • CATHEDRAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PRIORY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WORKHOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1993. TG 2308BEQ - BEU, BFB, BFC.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1994. TG 2308BFS.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 2308BDY - BEA.
---Verbal Communication: Alban, J.. 2007. Lecture at UEA. March 15.
---Monograph: Gilchrist, R.. 2005. Norwich Cathedral Close: The Evolution of the English Cathedral Landscape..
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Norwich - Post Roman.
---Article in Serial: 1865. Proceedings at Meetings of the Archaeological Institute. Archaeological Journal. Vol XXII pp 63-93. p 91.
<S1>Article in Monograph: Atherton, I. 1996. The Close. Norwich Cathedral: Church, City and Diocese, 1096-1996. Atherton, I. et al (eds). pp 634-664. pp 649-50.
<S2>Unpublished Document: Gilchrist, R.. 2006. Norwich Cathedral Close.
<S3>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2000. Work about to begin on quayside museum. Tender, loving care is on the way for this statue.. 28 January.
<S4>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2000. Spotlight on sculpture.. 31 July.
<S5>Unpublished Document: Northamptonshire Archaeology. 2002. Geophysical Survey at Norwich School Playing Fields, norwich, Norfolk.
<S6>Monograph: Pevsner, N. & Wilson, B. 1997. Norfolk 1: Norwich and North-East. The Buildings of England.

Related records

26040Parent of: 1 The Close (Building)
26047Parent of: 10 to 12 The Close (Building)
26048Parent of: 14A The Close (Building)
26049Parent of: 16 The Close (Building)
26050Parent of: 17 The Close (Building)
26051Parent of: 18 The Close (Building)
26041Parent of: 2 The Close (Building)
48202Parent of: 22 The Close (Building)
48203Parent of: 24 The Close (Building)
26054Parent of: 26 The Close (Building)
26055Parent of: 27 The Close (Building)
26056Parent of: 28 The Close (Building)
26057Parent of: 29 The Close (Building)
26042Parent of: 3 and 4 The Close (Building)
26058Parent of: 30 The Close (Building)
26059Parent of: 31 The Close (Building)
26060Parent of: 34 The Close (Building)
26061Parent of: 35A, 35B and 35C The Close (Building)
26062Parent of: 36 The Close (Building)
26063Parent of: 37 and 38 The Close (Building)
26064Parent of: 39 The Close (Building)
223Parent of: 40 The Close (Building)
26066Parent of: 41 The Close (Building)
26067Parent of: 43 and 44 The Close. (Building)
26068Parent of: 45 The Close (Building)
26069Parent of: 46 Hook's Walk, The Close (Building)
26070Parent of: 47 and 48 Hook's Walk, The Close (Building)
26071Parent of: 49 Hook's Walk, The Close (Building)
26043Parent of: 5 The Close (Building)
26072Parent of: 50 The Close (Building)
26073Parent of: 51 to 55 The Close. (Building)
26074Parent of: 56 The Close (Building)
26076Parent of: 57 The Close (Building)
48201Parent of: 58 The Close (Building)
26077Parent of: 59 The Close (Building)
26044Parent of: 6 The Close (Building)
635Parent of: 60, 60A and 60B The Close (Building)
26522Parent of: 63 and 64 The Close (Building)
26080Parent of: 67A to C and 68 The Close. (Building)
26081Parent of: 69 The Close (Building)
26045Parent of: 7 The Close (Building)
619Parent of: 70 The Close (Building)
26084Parent of: 71 The Close. (Building)
47956Parent of: 72 The Close (Building)
26085Parent of: 73 The Close. (Building)
48266Parent of: 74 The Close (Building)
26046Parent of: 8 and 9 The Close (Building)
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26034Parent of: Bishops Gate, The Close (Building)
Mon 1234Parent of: Bishop's Palace, (MED building in garden) (Monument)
26035Parent of: Bishop's Palace, The Close (Building)
Mon 1233Parent of: Bishop's Palace, The Close (Late Saxon occupation) (Monument)
Mon 1459Parent of: Cathedral Precinct (Monument)
39590Parent of: Cathedral Refectory service runs (Monument)
175Parent of: Cathedral Shop, Cathedral Close (Monument)
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441Parent of: Late Saxon human remains, Bishops Palace (Monument)
46Parent of: Late Saxon pits and burial, medieval building (Monument)
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203Parent of: Medieval wall and post medieval finds, Norwich School Playing Fields (Monument)
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240Parent of: Multi-period finds and features, Holland Court, The Close/St Faiths Lane (Monument)
300Parent of: Multi-period finds and features, Lower Close (Monument)
686Parent of: Multi-period pottery finds, 57 The Close (Find Spot)
552Parent of: Neolithic flaked axehead, The Close (Find Spot)
50Parent of: Possible Late Saxon hut and pottery sherds (Monument)
26458Parent of: Post medieval building material, rear of 70 Bishopgate (Find Spot)
167Parent of: Post medieval features, 64 Lower Close (Find Spot)
224Parent of: Post medieval finds and features, The Close (Monument)
275Parent of: Post medieval pottery finds, The Close (Find Spot)
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45Parent of: Saxon, medieval and post medieval finds and features, The Close (Monument)
579Parent of: Site of Church of St Ethelbert, Upper Close (Monument)
585Parent of: Site of Church of St Mary in the Marsh, Lower Close, Norwich (Monument)
590Parent of: Site of Holy Trinity Church, Norwich (Monument)
634Parent of: Site of medieval bell tower outside 71 The Close (Monument)
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226Parent of: The Cathedral of the Holy and Undivided Trinity (Norwich Cathedral) (Building)
Site 803Parent of: The Close (Monument)
Site 807Parent of: The Close (Monument)
26025Parent of: The Hermitage, 52 and 54 Bishopgate (Building)
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26468Part of: Remains of post medieval vault, Erpingham Gate, Norwich (Monument)
26426Part of: Site with no archaeological finds or features, 15 Lower Close (Negative evidence)

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