Record Details

NHER Number:300
Type of record:Monument
Name:Multi-period finds and features, Lower Close

Summary

Excavations in 1976 revealed a series of 13th century road surfaces beneath a massive 18th century build up of material. The roads overlaid a 12th century building with a hearth and oven, The building stood at the edge of a natural hollow that had been used as a midden, the rubbish also filling three 11th to 12th century monastic drains.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2358 0880
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

April to May 1976. Norwich Survey excavation to investigate the possible line of Late Saxon defences, no evidence was found.
Below a massive 18th century build up on the site (using material taken from the cloisters) was a series of 13th century road surfaces running in a northwest to southeast alignment.
These overlay a 12th century building and post hole construction with a hearth and oven.
The building lay at the edge of a natural hollow that had been used as a midden, which also filled three drainage channels of late 11th/12th century date.
These followed the alignment of the road surfaces and so are probably monastic in context.
M. Atkin.
See (S6).

Monument Types

  • TRACKWAY? (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BLACKSMITHS WORKSHOP? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRAIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • GULLY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HEARTH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MIDDEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • OVEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PRIORY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROAD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRUCTURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • IMBREX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEGULA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ARROWHEAD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • AWL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BALANCE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COMB (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DAUB (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • GOUGE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HINGE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HORSESHOE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ICE SKATE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • NEEDLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PADLOCK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PRICK SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Unpublished document: NCM Staff. 1973-1989. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card - Norwich.
<S1>Article in serial: Atkin, M. W., Carter, A., Baxter, M., Donaldson, P. and Roberts, J. P. 1976. Excavations in Norwich - 1975/1976. The Norwich Survey - Fifth Interim Report. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXVI Pt III pp 191-201. p 195.
<S2>Serial: 1976. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1976. No 23. p 16.
<S3>Article in serial: Webster, L. E. and Cherry, J. 1977. Medieval Britain in 1976. Medieval Archaeology. Vol XXI pp 204-262. p 211.
<S4>Monograph: Jennings, S. 1981. Eighteen Centuries of Pottery from Norwich. East Anglian Archaeology. No 13. p 258.
<S5>Publication: 1976. Archaeol.Ex.. 141.
<S6>Article in monograph: Atkins, M. and Evans, D. H. 2002. Excavations in Northern Conesford, in and around the Cathedral Close. Excavations in Norwich 1971-1978 Part III. East Anglian Archaeology. Atkins, M. and Evans, D. H. No 100 pp 7-67.

Related records

377Part of: Cathedral Close (cathedral precinct) (Monument)
Mon 1459Part of: Cathedral Precinct (Monument)

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