Record Details

NHER Number:226
Type of record:Building
Name:The Cathedral of the Holy and Undivided Trinity (Norwich Cathedral)

Summary

Situated on the low ground near the River Wensum, this magnificent cathedral is probably the county's best known landmark. Construction was begun in 1096 by Bishop Herbert de Losinga, and by the time of his death in 1119 the eastern end of the church, together with the transepts, tower and four bays of the nave west of the tower, were completed. His successor Eborard is said to have finished the work by the 1140s, though the final consecration took place as late as 1278. The building is of flint and mortar faced in limestone from Caen in France. This was transported up the River Wensum to Pull's Ferry and thence to the cathedral site along a canal, infilled in the 18th century and now Ferry Lane. The cathedral has lived through lightning strikes, fires and turbulent times; for instance, riots in 1272 destroyed the monastery and the cloisters, which were later rebuilt in stages until 1430. The most striking later addition is the late 15th century landscape-dominating spire, the second highest (96m) in England after Salisbury. Despite alterations, additions, depradations and even Victorian restorations during the last 900 years, the church has proved itself a great survivor, the nave, transepts, tower and the lower parts of the presbytery all still substantially Norman (though the roofs are replacements). It is open to the public all year round and has several daily services.

Images

  • A chantry chapel in Norwich Cathedral.  © Courtesy of Norfolk County Council Library and Information Service.

Location

Grid Reference:TG 23490 08921
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

The Cathedral was officially started in AD 1096 but preparations and acquisition of land were taking place as early as AD 1084 when the Domesday Book refers to a gift of 14 houses to Bishop Herfast 'for the principal seat of the bishopric'. By the death of the founding bishop in 1119 the eastern arm, the crossings, transepts, four bays of the nave and the bishop's palace to the north had been completed. Bishop Eborard completes the building of the church and conventual buildings around the cloister to the south between 1121 and 1145. Major fires are recorded as having taken place in 1171, 1272, 1463 and 1509. A tempest in 1361/2 blew down the 12th century spire onto the presbytery clerestory and caused enough damage to require its rebuilding.
See (S1) for further details.
S. Howard (NLA), 16 June 2010.

Cathedral Priory, Benedictine. Founded 1096; additions and remodelling up to mid 19th century. See notes in file.
1895. Sherds found.
1865. Cauldron found.
1867. Late Saxon sherds found.
1889. Chapter house excavated.

1899. Field Observation and Stray Find.
Observations and discoveries made during repair work.
Various features and details were exposed during the unflaking and cleaning of the nave. A medieval stone mortar was also found within one of the Norman piers, which is now held by the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1963.132).
A series of sondages were also excavated in the central aisle of the nave, in the two bays west of the pulpitum. These revealed the vault and body of Bishop Lyhart at the west entrance to the pulpitum but not the expected grave of William of Norwich. Several other brick graves were also observed.
Other discoveries included remains interpreted as the foundation of a mid 15th-century timber roodscreen.
See published report (S45) for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 19 August 2019.

1934, 1937, 1969. Excavations on west cloister range.
1972. Roman brick found.
1976. Human skeletons found.

April 1992. Building Survey.
Survey of niche in south wall of south cloister walk.
See report (S26) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S27).
P. Watkins (HES), 13 February 2017.

June 1994. Building Survey.
Recording of Romanesque pier exposed by missing stone panel in the east side of Prior Bozoun's tomb. It was possible to determine the probable sequence of alterations to the Romanesque fabric.
See notes (S20) for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 19 October 2015.

1995. Architectural Survey.
Drawn archaeological survey of the north face of the tower undertaken in order to calibrate and detail a previous photogrammetric and architectural survey.
This work is noted in (S28).

1995. Geophysical Survey.
Resistivity survey located the structural remains of the west wall of the Hostry in the west range.
No report received. The results of this work are summarised in (S30).
P. Watkins (HES), 21 March 2017.

1996. Test Pit and Borehole Survey
Evaluation work in the south and west cloister ranges.
This work revealed evidence of deposits associated with the demolition of the refectory and subsequent post-medieval foundation levels. A plan of the library stairs was also drawn.
See report (S25) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S29).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 21 March 2017.

See full details, architects drawings, surveys, references in file.

December 1998. Excavation.
Hand excavation of small trench over leaking water stop valve on west side of cloister. The material encountered was principally made ground and backfill around service trenching. The base of the trench did however penetrate beneath the disturbance associated with the modern services. Archaeologically significant deposits encountered included a compacted mortar layer that covered a similarly-compacted light grey, charcoal-rich ashey deposit.
Information from file notes. No report was produced and the excavation is amongst the work listed in (S32) as having had largely negative results.
P. Watkins (HES), 26 January 2017.

For the most comprehensive and recent account of the building, archaeology, history, topography etc. see (S2).
For other references, see file.
E. Rose (NLA), 20 January 1997.

1970s or 1980s. Norwich Survey.
See (S2), including (S3).
T. E. Miller (NLA), 7 July 2004.

2000.
Survey continued, concentrated mainly on the cloister which is due for conservation and restoration work as part of the new visitors' centre. Plans produced in 1998 are being supplemented by stone-by-stone elevations of both the interior and exterior, and by a three-dimensional vault plan of all 49 bays.

The south elevation of the south transept was in urgent need of stone replacement. By means of a relectorless EDM survey and recified photography a stone-by-stone elevation record was produced, which was then enhanced once caffolding had been erected. The vast majority of the stonework is Salvin's work of 1831 (as confirmed by a date on the string course), but a couple of courses of original medieval ashlar survive behind one of the low blind arcades.

The cathedral's roof vaults were surveyed for the installation of fire detection equipment. The intention was to identify the position of joints in the webbing, and use this information to excavate accurately down from the topside of the vault and locate the joint with detriment to the surround fabric. Once the joint was located the tiny clear pipe of a Vesda fire system was installed.
See (S19).
D. Holburn (HES), 14 November 2011.

July-October 2001. Excavation.
Excavation on the refectory.
Excavation for the Dean and Chapter revealed little evidence of the expected medieval structures except for a sunken masonry 'tank', but recorded several Late Saxon features pre-dating the Norman cathedral. These included a NorthEast-SouthWest street, evidence of timber buildings, and rubbish pits. Dissolution debris produced window glass and architectural fragments, whilst later activity was represented by the cellar of the prebendary's house and horticulteral works.
See published report (S21) for further details. See also draft publication report (S22) and assessment reports (S23) and (S24). The results of this work are also summarised in (S18).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2012.263 and NWHCM : 2013.376).
D. Holburn (HES), 21 October 2011. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 27 April 2019.

2001.
The measured survey of the cathedral complex continued for a fifth year, the main focus being the cloister where conservation and restoration is scheduled. To aid this work, the elevations (both internal and external) and vaulting are being surveyed to supplement the floor plans made in 1998. Further detail has been given to the elevations by incorporating recified colour photographs. This method alows each stone to be identified for conservation or replacement, and its dimensions taken.

The major stimulus for the measured survey is the new Visitors' Centre due to be built on the site of the medieval refectory and hostelry. The refectory was excavated by the NAU in 2001, and a great deal of information previously hidden by garden deposits was exposed. By reducing the whole surface level by about 1 metre, a 46 metre long strip of the North and South elevation was revealed, and around 10 metres of the East 'high end'. These areas had escaped modern re-pointing work and thus held information about construction techniques. A series of rectified photographs were taken to capture this. Various features, including a plinth that ran the length of the North and South walls, and the bases of an East arcade, were also revealed. These were surveyed to enable the architects to allow for them in their design, but this recording will also aid future interpretation. A number of vertical sections were also taken through the site to give cross-sections through the cloister and dark entry, providing information about wall and vault thickness.
See (S17).
D. Holburn (HES), 21 October 2011.

2002.
Further excavation recorded Late Saxon features including a road, and Dissolution rubble including painted limestone blocks.
See (S16).
D. Holburn (HES), 14 October 2011.

2003. Rectified Photographic Survey.
Rectified photographs and elevations produced for a bay of the Locutory and the corresponding bay in the south aisle to aid the redesign of an existing doorway for disabled access.
This work is noted in (S31).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 21 March 2017.

November 2004.
See file for list of Norwich Cathedral archives (S4) and (S5). Press cuttings (S6) and (S35)-(S43), architectural plans (S7) and correspondence (S8) in file.
See listing description (S9).
J. Allen (NLA), 18 November 2004.

2008. Norwich HEART. (S11, S12)
Described as an iconic Norman Cathedral and one of the most complete major Romanesque buildings in Europe
The Cathedral is the most complete Norman Cathedral in the UK and boasts a wealth of Romanesque features with later Gothic additions to create one of the most atmospheric sacred spaces in Europe.
The Cathedral has the second tallest spire (at 96m or 315ft, only Salisbury is higher) and the largest surviving cloister in England.
Norwich Cathedral also has the largest collection of decorative roof bosses in Christendom, 1,106 in total. They provided one of the earliest forms of theological education, at a time when illiteracy was common.
D. Gurney (NLA) 27 January 2009.

For the legend of St William, who is said to be buried in the Jesus Chapel, see (S13).
D. Gurney (NLA), 2 February 2009.

2010.
Hostry visitor centre and refectory due to be opened by the Queen in May 2010.
See (S14) for further details.
H. White (NLA), 31 March 2010.

January 2018. Watching Brief.
Monitoring of works associated with creation of new access to cloister garth.
Report awaited. See archaeological assessment (S34) for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 22 January 2018.

See (S44) for archaeological assessment of Norwich Cathedral and Close.
P. Watkins (HES), 19 August 2019.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • CATHEDRAL (Medieval to 21st Century - 1066 AD to 2100 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PRIORY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNDERCROFT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUILDING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CELLAR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CEREMONIAL OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MORTAR (VESSEL) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STAINED GLASS (WINDOW) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WORKED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOTTLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Listed Building
  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: FWQ.
---Aerial Photograph: TG2308 BK-BM,BT-BW,BAE.
---Monograph: Jennings, S. 1981. Eighteen Centuries of Pottery from Norwich. East Anglian Archaeology. No 13.
---Monograph: Batcock, N. 1991. The Ruined and Disused Churches of Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 51. Microfiche 5:G12. No N18; p 175.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1993. TG 2308BEQ - BEU, BFB, BFC.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1994. TG 2308BFG.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). TG 2308BFS.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 2308BDY - BEA.
---Publication: 2002. Norwich Cathedral Campaign Update. Spring.
---Unpublished Document: Thomas, P.. 2004. Norwich Cathedral Architectural & Archaeological Archives.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 20 NW 1 [6].
---Monograph: Pevsner, N. and Wilson, B. 1997. Norfolk 1: Norwich and North-East. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. pp 188-219; Pl 3, Pl 6, Pl 4, Pl 8, Pl 56, Pl 19, Pl 21, Pl 20, Pl 18, Pl 22, Pl 23.
---Monograph: Gilchrist, R. 2005. Norwich Cathedral Close: The Evolution of the English Cathedral Landscape.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. What did the Normans ever do for us?. 2 February.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2009. Heritage bosses hail cathedral refectory. 2 December.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. The Norwich 12. 2 February.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. Why Norwich is world class. 17 March.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. Wander your way through 1,000 years of city history. 24 June.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. The second Norman invasion. 28 July.
---Leaflet: Friends of the Cathedral Church of Norwich. 1936. Seventh Annual Report.. Friends of the Cathedral Church of Norwich.
---Leaflet: Friends of the Cathedral Church of Norwich. 1932. Third Annual Report.. Friends of the Cathedral Church of Norwich.
---Leaflet: Friends of the Cathedral Church of Norwich. 1935. Sixth Annual Report.. Friends of the Cathedral Church of Norwich.
---Leaflet: Friends of the Cathedral Church of Norwich. 1939. Tenth Annual Report.. Friends of the Cathedral Church of Norwich.
---Leaflet: Friends of the Cathedral Church of Norwich. 1938. Ninth Annual Report.. Friends of the Cathedral Church of Norwich.
---Leaflet: Friends of the Cathedral Church of Norwich. 1948. Nineteenth Annual Report.. Friends of the Cathedral Church of Norwich.
---Leaflet: Norwich Cathedral Dean And Chapter. 1976. Norwich Cathedral, A Short Guide.. Norwich Cathedral Dean And Chapter.
---Leaflet: Norwich Cathedral.. Jarrold Colour Publications, Norwich.
---Leaflet: ?. A Simple Guide For Visitors to Norwich Cathedral.. The Modern Press.
---Unpublished Contractor Report: Harris, R. 2011. Norwich Cathedral and Close. Archaeological Assessment and Report. Version 1.0. Roland Harris Norwich Cathedral Archaeologist.
---Article in Serial: Marcus Binney. 2007. Norwich Cathedral.. Country Life. 13 December, p4.
---Article in Serial: Hall, M.. 1992. With the Eyes of Angels.. Country Life. Vol 24/31, pp 41-43.
---Article in Serial: Fernie, E.. 1983. The visual interpretation and analysis of medieval cathedrals.. Transactions of the ASCHB. Vol 8, pp 21-25.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2012. New wings for medieval tradition at cathedral. 2 April.
---Recording Form: Heywood, S. 1993. Norfolk County Council Site Visit Record - The Cathedral of the Holy and Undivided Trinity (Norwich Cathedral).
---Article in Serial: Fernie, E. 1980. Norwich Cathedral. The Archaeological Journal. Vol 137 pp 310-312.
---Article in Serial: Whitingham, A. 1980. The Foundation of Norwich Cathedral. The Archaeological Journal. Vol 137 pp 313-314.
---Article in Serial: McAleer, J. P. 1997. The Façade of Norwich Cathedral As It Might Have Been. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt IV pp 481-491.
---Article in Serial: Fernie, E. C. 1977. The Romanesque Piers of Norwich Cathedral. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXVI Pt IV pp 383-386.
---Article in Serial: Rose, M. 1994. Salome's Sword-Dance: A Note on a Roof Boss in the Vaulting of the South Transept of Norwich Cathedral. CBA Group VI Bulletin. No 36 pp 61-65.
---Article in Serial: Rose, M. 1995. Netted Vice (A commentary on a choir-stall carving in Norwich Cathedral). CBA Group VI Bulletin. No 37 pp 54-61.
---Record Card: NCM Staff. 1973-1989. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card - Norwich. Bursar's Office.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Norwich - Post Roman.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Fiche: Exists.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2013. Secrets of medieval graffiti. 6 February.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2013. Cathedral hits the heights with its glorious roof bosses. 23 July.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2013. A rare chance to see the city cathedrals hidden treasures. 2 September.
---Publication: Norwich Cathedral Dean And Chapter. [unknown]. Twenty-five Treasures of Norwich Cathedral.
---Unpublished Contractor Report: Gilchrist, R. 1996. A Desk-based Assessment of the Library and Dark Entry at Norwich Cathedral in advance of Proposed New Developments. Roberta Gilchrist.
---Unpublished Contractor Report: Gilchrist, R. 1996. An Archaeological Desk-based Assessment of Three Areas of Proposed New Development at Norwich Cathedral. Roberta Gilchrist.
---Unpublished Contractor Report: Smith, R. 1996. Norwich Cathedral. Evaluation of Standing Buildings in relation to Proposed New Development on the sites of the Former Hostry and Refectory.
---Unpublished Contractor Report: Gilchrist, R. 1996. Norwich Cathedral Archaeology. Archaeological Report to accompany Planning Application for Visitors' Centre. Roberta Gilchrist.
---Unpublished Contractor Report: Michael Hopkins and Partners. 1998. The Norwich Cathedral Visitors' Centre. Application for Planning Approval. Michael Hopkins and Partners.
---Unpublished Contractor Report: Michael Hopkins and Partners. 1997. Addendum Report to the Cathedrals Fabric Commission for England for Development Proposals at Norwich Cathedral. Michael Hopkins and Partners.
---Unpublished Contractor Report: Gilchrist, R. 1999. Norwich Cathedral Archaeology. Archaeological Assessment to accompany Proposal for New Song School. Roberta Gilchrist.
---Unpublished Document: [Unknown]. Norwich Cathedral - chronology to 1988.
---Unpublished Report: Gilchrist, R. 1997. Norwich Cathedral. The Refectory.
---Unpublished Document: Whittingham, A. 1972. Notes on St Gregory. p 289.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. Dig reveals ancient trade links.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
---Unpublished Contractor Report: Harris, R. 2010. Conservation Management Plan for Norwich Cathedral. Roland Harris Norwich Cathedral Archaeologist.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2015. Matthew's team discovers a lost world of art. 21 November.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2014. Cathedral handed almost half a million pounds for vital repairs. 28 October.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2015. Preserving historic landmark for future generations. 4 April.
---Article in Serial: Burnell, H. H. 1858. Notes on Norwich Cathedral. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. First Series Vol XIV pp 44-50.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Heywood, S. Historic building report for Norwich Cathedral, Norwich, Norfolk.. Building Report.
<S2>Unpublished Document: Carter, A.. Building Survey.
<S3>Unpublished Document: Atkinson. 1949?. Atkinson's Notebook.
<S4>Publication: Atherton, I. et al (eds). 1996. Norwich Cathedral: Church, City and Diocese, 1096-1996.
<S5>Unpublished Document: Gilchrist, R.. 2006. Norwich Cathedral Close.
<S6>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1999. Arch of triumph. 2 August.
<S7>Illustration: Various. Various. Architectural plans.
<S8>Correspondence: Various.
<S9>Designation: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England. List Entry 1051330.
<S11>Publication: Sheehan, B.. 2008. Norwich 12: A journey through the English city..
<S12>Moving Image: Norwich Heritage Economic and Regeneration Trust (HEART). 2008. Norwich 12. A journey through the English city.. DVD.
<S13>Newspaper Article: David. A. Berwick (Triangle Norwich). 2009. Local History Matters. February.
<S14>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. Queen will officially open Hostry. 30 March.
<S16>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2003. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2002. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt II pp 368-384. p 376.
<S17>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2002. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2001. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt I pp 162-177. p 170.
<S18>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2002. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2001. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt I pp 162-177. p 171.
<S19>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2001. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2000. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt IV pp 707-728. p 720.
<S20>Unpublished Document: [Unknown]. 1994. Notes on recording of Romanesque pier, Bozoun Chapel, Norwich Cathedral.
<S21>Monograph: Wallis, H. 2006. Excavations on the site of Norwich Cathedral Refectory 2001-3. East Anglian Archaeology. No 116.
<S22>Unpublished Report: Wallis, H. 2004. Excavations on the site of Norwich Cathedral Refectory 2001-2003. Publication draft.
<S23>Unpublished Contractor Report: Wallis, H. 2002. Norwich Cathedral Refectory. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 723.
<S24>Unpublished Contractor Report: Wallis, H. 2002. Norwich Cathedral Refectory Phase 3. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 733.
<S25>Unpublished Contractor Report: Shelley, A. 1996. An Evaluation and Survey at the South and West Ranges of Norwich Cathedral Cloisters. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 200.
<S26>Unpublished Contractor Report: Emery, P. 1992. Survey of Niche in South Wall of the South Cloister Walk, Norwich Cathedral. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 61.
<S27>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1993. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1992. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLI Pt IV pp 522-532. p 528.
<S28>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1996. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1995. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt III pp 397-412. p 405.
<S29>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1997. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1996. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt IV pp 547-564. p 556.
<S30>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1999. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1998: Addendum. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt II pp 386. p 386 (for 1995).
<S31>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2004. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2003. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt III pp 573-588. p 582.
<S32>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1999. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1998. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt II pp 369-387. p 387.
<S33>Illustration: Ashley, S. 2004. Drawing of three capitals in Norwich Cathedral cloisters. Digital (tiff).
<S34>Unpublished Contractor Report: Harris, R. 2017. Norwich Cathedral Cloister. Cloister Garth Access. Archaeological Assessment. Roland Harris Norwich Cathedral Archaeologist.
<S35>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1993-1995. [Articles on the repairs of Norwich Cathedral tower].
<S36>Newspaper Article: Eastern Evening News. 1999. Repairs start on historic arch. 2 August.
<S37>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1996. Summer of joy from a stony blessing. 20 May.
<S38>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1994. Pagan treasures hidden from the casual eye. 9 December.
<S39>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1995. Revealed - after 120 years. 28 October.
<S40>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1998-2001. [Articles on the £10 million proposal and work of Norwich Cathedral].
<S41>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1996. Deepest secret of the cathedral. 17 April.
<S42>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1992-1997. [Articles on the carved works of Norwich Cathedral roofs].
<S43>Newspaper Article: The Daily Telegraph. 1998. £10m scheme to restore largest monastic cloister. 5 June.
<S44>Unpublished Contractor Report: Harris, R. 2018. Norwich Cathedral and Close. Archaeological Assessment and Report. Version 7.0. Roland Harris Norwich Cathedral Archaeologist.
<S45>Article in Serial: St. John Hope, W. H. and Bensly, W. T. 1901. Recent Discoveries in the Cathedral Church of Norwich. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XIV pp 105-127.

Related records

49102Parent of: Almary Green sewer repair, Norwich Cathedral (Monument)
26036Parent of: Bishop Renold's Chapel, The Close (Building)
26035Parent of: Bishop's Palace, The Close (Building)
26075Parent of: Deanery, Priors Hall, The Close (Building)
26079Parent of: Emmaus House, 65 The Close (Building)
441Parent of: Late Saxon human remains, Bishops Palace (Monument)
792Parent of: Multi-period finds and features north of cathedral (Monument)
Site 3340Parent of: Norwich Cathedral (Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity) (Monument)
Site 1793Parent of: The Cathedral of the Holy and Undivided Trinity (Monument)
Site 3967Parent of: The Cathedral of the Holy and Undivided Trinity (Monument)
45440Parent of: Watching brief during Cathedral sewer replacement (Monument)
377Part of: Cathedral Close (cathedral precinct) (Monument)
Mon 1459Part of: Cathedral Precinct (Monument)
39455Part of: Multi-period finds and features on the site of Norwich Cathedral Hostry (Monument)

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