Record Details

NHER Number:41014
Type of record:Monument
Name:Post medieval and World War Two features and structures


In 2004 the Norfolk Rapid Coastal Survey surveyed the fresh marshes at Cley, Salthouse and Kelling. A medieval/post medieval wall, post medieval sea defence banks, post medieval drainage features, a post medieval windmill mound, a possible saltworks and World War Two defence structures and features were recorded.


  • Aerial photograph of the flooded coastline at Salthouse.  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service


Grid Reference:TG 07077 44500
Map Sheet:TG04SE

Full description

December 2004. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey. Contexts 1 to 25 used.
Land based fieldwork phase of the Norfolk Rapid Coastal Assessment Survey. See also NHER 41012 to 41013 and 41015 to 41020.
For intertidal phase of survey, see NHER 40310.
J. Allen (NLA), 3 December 2004.

October 2005.
Fieldwork in December 2004 involved the rapid survey of Cley, Salthouse and Kelling fresh marshes. Areas of grazing marsh, drainage channels and patches of reedbed were examined, with viewing from sea defence banks and footpaths.
Known sites monitored included a World War Two Prisoner of War camp (NHER 27793), World War Two defences, sea defence banks (including NHER 24485 and 27186), medieval/post medieval wall (NHER 39689) and a post medieval windmill mound (NHER 39768).
New sites recorded included banks, ditches, drainage features, mounds (possibly associated with saltworking), building material and a spigot mortar emplacement.
See assessment report (S1) for further details. This work is also noted in (S2).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.421).
D. Robertson (NLA), 27 October 2005. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 21 July 2019.

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status


Sources and further reading

<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Robertson, D., Crawley, P., Barker, A., and Whitmore, S. 2005. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 1045. pp 122-123.
<S2>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2005. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2004. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt IV pp 751-763. p 758.

Related records

27194Parent of: Post medieval drainage ditch (Monument)
6152Parent of: Post medieval salt works (Monument)
27186Parent of: Post medieval sea defence bank and enclosure (Monument)
42729Parent of: Probable post medieval/modern reclamation features (Monument)
27810Parent of: Site of World War Two coastal defences (Monument)
39768Parent of: Site of post medieval tower mill (Monument)
42732Parent of: Undated ditches (Monument)
42733Parent of: Undated ditches (Monument)
42735Parent of: Undated ditches (Monument)
42730Parent of: Undated ditches and banks (Monument)
27795Parent of: Undated earthen bank (Monument)
32464Parent of: World War Two anti-tank cubes (Monument)
32479Parent of: World War Two anti-tank cubes (Monument)
19439Parent of: World War Two defensive structures (Monument)
24185Parent of: World War Two gun emplacement in southwest corner of The Quag (Monument)
27793Parent of: World War Two military camp (Monument)
42728Parent of: World War Two spigot mortar pedestal (Monument)
39689Part of: Andrew's Wall (Building)
24485Part of: Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age, Middle Bronze Age and medieval finds (Find Spot)

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