Record Details

NHER Number:45
Type of record:Monument
Name:Saxon, medieval and post medieval finds and features, The Close


Excavations in 1956 during construction of the Norwich School science block found evidence of Late Saxon and early medieval occupation, overlain by post medieval garden soils. An evaluation and watching brief in advance of re-development work in 1999 recorded the foundations of the Cathedral's medieval precinct wall alongside Palace Street, and a series of late medieval and post medieval structures and deposits.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 2340 0897
Map Sheet:TG20NW

Full description

1956. Field Observation.
Observation of groundworks associated with construction of new school science block.
Coin of Edward VI. Numerous refuse pits containing Thetford Ware, bricks, clay floor with Thetford Ware above and Ipswich Ware below. Stamford Ware, St Neots Ware, Limburgh Ware.
R.R. Clarke (NCM).
Information from (S1) and (S2). The results of this work are summarised in (S3) and the pottery recovered is amongst the material considered in (S4).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 19 August 2019.

For further details see file NCM.

May 1999. Desk-based Assessment.
Archaeological Impact Assessment for proposed development site at Norwich School.
See report (S5) for further details.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 19 August 2019.

July-August 1999. Trial Trenching and Watching Brief.
Evaluation and observation of works on site revealed the foundations of the Precinct wall and other walls.
Medieval and post medieval sherds and animal bones and garden soil layers.
See report (S6) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S7).
E. Rose (NLA), 24 November 1999.

Monument Types

  • FLOOR (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PRECINCT WALL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WALL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Norwich - Post Roman.
<S2>Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 20 NW 166.
<S3>Serial: 1956. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries. No 3. p 4.
<S4>Monograph: Jennings, S. 1981. Eighteen Centuries of Pottery from Norwich. East Anglian Archaeology. No 13.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: Penn, K. 1999. The Science Block and former Gymnasium, Norwich School, Norwich. An Archaeological Impact Assessment. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 419.
<S6>Unpublished Contractor Report: Evans, H. 1999. Report on an Archaeological Evaluation and subsequent Watching Brief at the Former Gymnasium, Norwich School, Norwich. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 445.
<S7>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2000. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1999. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt III pp 521-543. p 533.

Related records

377Part of: Cathedral Close (cathedral precinct) (Monument)
Mon 1459Part of: Cathedral Precinct (Monument)
Mon 230Part of: Precinct Wall, The Close (Monument)
Site 806Part of: The Close (Bishop`s palace) (Monument)

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