Record Details

NHER Number:13271
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Roman settlement and deserted medieval settlement of Cotes or Petygards


Fieldwalking has revealed that this is the site of a Roman settlement, and fragments of Roman pottery and tile have been found. Metal detecting has recovered a Bronze Age flat axehead, Roman coins and other metal finds.This area was part of the deserted medieval settlement known as Cotes or Petygards. The settlement developed around the edge of a common, and fieldwalking on this site has recovered several distinct concentrations of medieval material. The settlement was gradually deserted over the early post medieval period, and the common was enclosed in 1806.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 85 07
Map Sheet:TF80NE

Full description

Sometimes called Petygards.

1977-79. Fieldwalking.
Roman, medieval, post medieval sherds etc.
See (S2) for location plan.

1984. Found with metal detecting.
Roman coins and metalwork, (S3).

1987 to 1988. Found with metal detecting.
Bronze Age axe, Roman handle .

Full details, plans and drawings in file.
E. Rose (NLA) 19 September 1990.

(S1) describes the settlement of Cotes, or Petygards, in some detail. Petygards itself was part of the larger settlement known as Cotes, which developed on the edge of a common, and in the mid 14th century Cotes is referred to in a number of documents. The settlement survived into the 17th century, but by the early 18th century there were few buildings left around the edge of the common, which was enclosed in 1806. Fieldwalking has revealed a number of distinct concentrations of medieval material along the edge of the former common.
See (S1) for more details.
S. Spooner (NLA) 3 August 2006

Monument Types

  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • FLAT AXEHEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • CEREMONIAL OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUERN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Article in Monograph: Davison, A. 1982. Petygards and the Medieval Hamlet of Cotes. Trowse, Horning, Deserted Medieval Villages. East Anglian Arch. No 14. pp 102-107.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: EUP 32-3.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a medieval copper alloy buckle.. Paper. 1:1.
<S2>Illustration: Unknown. 1978. Location plan of pottery scatters recorded in 1977-78.. Film. 1:40000.
<S3>Illustration: Gregory, T.. 1984. Sketch of a Roman copper alloy vessel handle attachment.. Film. 1:1.

Related records

13495Related to: Deserted hamlet of Cotes (Monument)
13270Related to: Medieval pottery sherds and coin (Find Spot)
4638Related to: Site of Petygards (Monument)

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