Record Details

NHER Number:9815
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible Roman settlement and multi-period finds

Summary

Aerial photographs of this area show cropmarks of possible Roman field systems and settlement, although some of these may in fact relate to later agricultural features. Some of the cropmarks previously recorded at this site are now under NHER 52252.
Metal-detecting between 1990 and 2015 recovered prehistoric worked flint, including a Neolithic/Bronze Age scraper; Roman pottery sherds; Roman, medieval and post-medieval coins; medieval and post-medieval jettons; post-medieval tokens and Roman and Late Saxon to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include Roman brooches, a copper alloy statuette of a goat and a votive model eye; a Late Saxon brooch; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories; a medieval casket key; medieval/post-medieval copper alloy rings and a weight and post-medieval cloth seals, a spur, crotal bell, lead weight and finger ring.

Images

  • Post medieval cloth seal from NHER 9815  © Norfolk County Council
  • Roman plate brooch from NHER 9815  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon brooch from NHER 9815  © Norfolk County Council
  • Unknown unidentified object from NHER 9815  © Norfolk County Council
  • Post-medieval animal bell from NHER 9815  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:TG 24 04
Map Sheet:TG20SW
Parish:CAISTOR ST EDMUND, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Some of the cropmarks previously recorded at this site are now under NHER 52252.

Site XXVIII.

1946 RAF air photograph. [1].
Showed chequer board road plan with houses. See Notes.

1949.
Examined by R. R. Clarke (NCM) one site at least coincided with known site of Roman house. Noted by OSO Archaeology Branch.
See (S1).
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

Roman field system.
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

Marks at [1] are a farm of 1840.
E. Rose (NLA).

Pre June 1990. [4].
Numbered finds on (S2) in file; but finds (mostly post medieval) not individually numbered.
Two Roman coins, see list in file.
Four Roman sherds in one area; two jar rims and one bodysherd Roman greyware.
Body sherd of large oxidised jar with stabbed decoration.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 19 June 1990.

April 1991. [3].
Three Roman coins (see list in file).
Medieval strap end of rectangular folded sheet secured at open end with two rivets; decorated on front with longitudinal ribs.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 May 1991

February 1993. Metal detecting. [4].
General finds in west part of field.
Roman copper alloy goat, probably with a votive association. 30mm long, 43mm high. One horn broken off at stump, (S4).
Identified by J. Davies (NCM).
Compare with examples from London and North Stow. See (S3).
See (S5).
A. Rogerson (NLA)

November/December 1994. Metal detecting. [5].
Roman coin.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 January 1995.

October 2001. Metal detecting.
Medieval, post medieval and undatable metal finds.
See list in file.
S. Ashley (NLA), 6 December 2001.

November 2001. Metal detecting.
Undatable prehistoric flint flake.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 January 2001.

January 2002. Metal detecting.
Roman greyware body sherd.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 March 2002.

April 2002. Metal detecting.
Roman votive model of an eye in area centred [6].
See description and (S6) in the Illustration Library.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 31 May 2002.

May/June 2002. Metal detecting.
One Roman and one post medieval coin.
Post medieval cloth seal.
See lists in file with National Grid References.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 July 2002.

September/October 2004. Metal-detecting.
1 Roman coin and 2 brooches (1 trumpet, 1 dolphin).
2 medieval coins.
1 post-medieval coin.
Objects identified by S. Ashley (NLA) and coins identified by A. Marsden (NLA). See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 17 November 2004.
Updated by J. Page (HES), 11 March 2014.

March 2009. Norfolk NMP.
The cropmarks previously recorded under this number are now under NHER 52252. The cropmarks relating to a Roman settlement previously recorded at this location and described as showing a ‘chequer board road plan with houses’. However consultations of the run of aerial photographs and others suggested that the soilmarks visible in April 1946 relate to former post medieval field boundaries and agricultural features such as former pits. The significant amount of Roman finds recovered from this general area are attributed to these apparent cropmarks. However it seems more likely that they finds are associated with the cropmark enclosure and associated fields identified on the later vertical aerial photographs that are recorded under NHER 52252.
S. Horlock (NMP), 24 March 2009.

November 2014-January 2015. Metal-detecting. [7].
Neolithic/Bronze Age scraper.
5 Roman coins.
Medieval casket key.
Medieval/post-medieval lead weight and copper alloy rings.
1 post-medieval jetton, cloth seals and a lead weight.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 2 March 2015.

January-February 2015. Metal-detecting. [8].
Undated unidentified copper alloy object.
Late Saxon brooch.
3 Roman coins and a brooch.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 7 April 2015.

February-March 2015. Metal-detecting. [9].
4 Roman coins.
1 medieval coin and a jetton.
2 post-medieval coins, 2 tokens, a cloth seal, crotal bell and finger ring.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 5 May 2015.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIELD SYSTEM? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROAD? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CEREMONIAL OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VOTIVE MODEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 69 AD to 117 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 81 AD to 96 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 98 AD to 99 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 100 AD to 200 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 103 AD to 111 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 119 AD to 122 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 138 AD to 161 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 175 AD to 175 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 271 AD to 274 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 273 AD to 274 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 337 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 375 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 367 AD to 375 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1000 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • WEIGHT (12th Century to 16th Century - 1200 AD to 1600 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1251 AD to 1272 AD)
  • RING (13th Century to 16th Century - 1300 AD to 1600 AD)
  • JETTON (14th Century - 1320 AD to 1350 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (16th Century to 17th Century - 1550 AD to 1700 AD)
  • FINGER RING (16th Century to 18th Century - 1600 AD to 1800 AD)
  • WEIGHT (16th Century to 17th Century - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century - 1636 AD to 1644 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century - 1646 AD to 1649 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (17th Century to 18th Century - 1650 AD to 1705 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (17th Century to 18th Century - 1650 AD to 1800 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (17th Century to 18th Century - 1650 AD to 1800 AD)
  • TOKEN (17th Century - 1650 AD to 1670 AD)
  • JETTON (17th Century - 1660 AD to 1685 AD)
  • TOKEN (17th Century - 1667 AD to 1667 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: RAF. RAF 106G/UK/1606 3063-4.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 20 SW 60.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Caister-by-Norwich.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Serial: 1949. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin. Series 1 No 1 (for 1948).
<S2>Map: Finder's Map..
<S3>Monograph: Green, M.J. 1978. British Archaeological Report.. British Archaeological Report. 24. Pl XX C and F.
<S4>Illustration: Tully, L.. Unknown. Drawing of a Roman goat figurine.. Paper. 1:1.
<S5>Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
<S6>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2002. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy votive model eye.. Film. 2:1.

Related records - none

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