Record Details

NHER Number:36629
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of probable Early Saxon inhumation cemetery and multi-period finds

Summary

Metal-detecting between 2001 and 2012 has recovered a large number of finds dating from the Neolithic to the post-medieval period. These include a number of Early Saxon finds that suggest this was the site of an Early Saxon inhumation cemetery. Other finds include a probable Neolithic flint projectile point, part of a Late Bronze Age socketed axehead, a Late Iron Age shield clip or vessel mount, a Roman brooch and a large quantity of medieval and post medieval metal objects. Roman, Middle Saxon, medieval and post-medieval coins and medieval and post-medieval jettons and tokens were also recovered.

Images

  • Early Saxon cruciform brooch from NHER 36629  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon small-long brooch from NHER 36629  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon small-long brooch from NHER 36629  © Norfolk County Council
  • Iron Age mount or clip from NHER 36629  © Norfolk County Council
  • Roman/Early Saxon harness pendant from NHER 36629  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TG01SE
Parish:MATTISHALL, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

August 2001. Metal-detecting.
Early Saxon cruciform brooch.
Roman Colchester type brooch.
Undated lead weight.
Post-medieval lead ?vessel fragment.
Post-medieval and modern objects.
See lists in file.
S. Ashley (NLA), 3 October 2001.

July 2002. Metal-detecting.
Medieval coin.
See list in file with National Grid Reference.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 September 2002.

February 2003. Metal-detecting.
Early Saxon brooch fragment.
Late Saxon strap-end.
Medieval ?buckle pin.
See list in file with National Grid References.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 31 March 2003.

March 2003. Metal-detecting.
One Roman, three medieval and three post-medieval coins.
Medieval and post-medieval jettons.
Post-medieval tokens.
Late Bronze Age (S1), Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file with National Grid References.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 May 2003.

November/December 2003. Metal-detecting.
One Republican denarius.
One post-medieval coin and jetton.
Late Bronze Age socketed axe fragment (S2).
Medieval brooch.
See lists with grid references in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 January 2004.

December 2003 to January 2004. Metal-detecting.
One medieval and two post-medieval coins.
Roman, Early Saxon and Middle Saxon/Late Saxon metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 February 2004.

January 2004. Metal-detecting.
Three Roman, two medieval and two post-medieval coins.
Late medieval/post-medieval coin weight.
Late Bronze Age (S3), Roman, Early Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal finds.
Early Saxon finds may well be indicative of an inhumation cemetery.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 March 2004.

February 2004. Metal-detecting.
One Roman, two Middle Saxon and one medieval coins.
Post-medieval token.
Roman, Early Saxon and undatable metal objects.
See lists and (S3) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 April 2004.

March 2004. Metal-detecting.
One Roman coin.
One post-medieval jetton.
Probably Neolithic flint projectile point.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 May 2004.

September 2004. Metal-detecting.
One Roman, five medieval and one post-medieval coins.
Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 November 2004.

October 2004. Metal-detecting.
One medieval and one post-medieval coin.
Iron Age, ?Roman or undatable, Early Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 27 November 2004.

August 2005. Metal-detecting.
Two Roman coins, three medieval coins, post-medieval coin and coin weight.
Roman tile fragment, Early Saxon and medieval metal objects.
An unusual medieval strap-end was reidentified as a medieval folding candle holder by S. Ashley (HES), 29 January 2016 - see drawing (S7).
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 October 2005. Amended by A. Beckham (HES), 1 February 2016.

June/July 2009. Metal-detecting.
Medieval coins and jetton, an early Saxon cruciform brooch, medieval and post-medieval finds.
See lists in file.
E. Darch (NLA), 24 August 2009.

July 2009. Metal-detecting
Four Roman and one post-medieval coin, medieval buckle.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 25 September 2009.

3 March 2010. Metal-detecting.
Romano-British harness pendant, three Early Saxon brooch fragments, one medieval and one post-medieval coin.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 April 2010.

12 December 2010. Metal-detecting.
Romano British brooch, medieval/post-medieval scabbard chape and post-medieval token.
See lists in file

August-September 2011. Metal-detecting.
One medieval and one post-medieval coin, medieval metal objects including steelyard weight, one post-medieval jetton.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 30 September 2011.

July 2012. Metal-detecting.
Late Iron Age vessel mount, shield clip or mount (S4, S5 and S6).
Medieval strap-clasp, medieval buckle, and post medieval mount.
See description in file.
E. Darch (HES), August 2012.

1-3 August 2012. Metal-detecting.
Two medieval coins and one post-medieval jetton.
A. Marsden (HES), 16 October 2012.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • INHUMATION CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • RING (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • CHISEL (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • SOCKETED AXEHEAD (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • MOUNT (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • SHIELD (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • VESSEL (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LOCK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP END (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BALANCE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CANDLE HOLDER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STYLUS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (14th Century - 1303 AD to 1305 AD)
  • COIN (14th Century - 1307 AD to 1310 AD)
  • COIN (14th Century - 1344 AD to 1351 AD)
  • COIN (15th Century - 1422 AD to 1461 AD)
  • BELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DAGGER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MOUNT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STYLUS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TAP (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (16th Century to 17th Century - 1550 AD to 1650 AD)
  • COIN (16th Century - 1553 AD to 1554 AD)
  • COIN (16th Century - 1554 AD to 1558 AD)
  • JETTON (16th Century to 17th Century - 1586 AD to 1635 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: NCC Find Identification and Recording Service. c. 1975-2000. HES Find Polaroid Collection. HES Find Polaroid Collection. polaroid. black and white.
---Photograph: 2003. KTQ 30-33, Late saxon strap end..
---Photograph: 2003. KTQ 34, Early Saxon small long brooch fragment..
---Photograph: 2003. KTS 1-2, Romano British/Early Saxon military belt stiffner..
---Photograph: 2003. KTS 3, Early Saxon brooch fragment..
---Photograph: 2003. KTS 4, Middle Saxon pin..
---Photograph: 2004. KVB 32-33, Middle/Late Saxon strapend..
---Photograph: 2004. KVB 34, Early Saxon brooch side knob..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 2003. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age socketed axe fragment.. Film. 1:1.
<S2>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 2003. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age socketed axe fragment.. Film. 1:1.
<S3>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 2004. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age chisel.. Film. 1:1.
<S4>Map: Finder's Map..
<S5>Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
<S6>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2012. Drawing of a Late Iron Age copper alloy probable shield clip or vessel mount.. Film. 2:1.
<S7>Illustration: Ashley, S. 2016. Drawing of a medieval Limoges copper alloy folding candle holder. Film. 2:1.

Related records - none

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