Record Details

NHER Number:22666
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible medieval settlement


Metal detecting and fieldwalking recovered Saxon and medieval metal objects. This included two Late Saxon stirrup mounts perhaps depicting animal heads and an undated or Late Saxon silver ingot. Roman and Saxon coins were also found. Fragments of Roman, Saxon, medieval and post medieval pottery were also recovered. The concentration of medieval finds suggests this was an area of medieval settlement.


  • A Late Saxon stirrup mount with an animal head  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service


Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TM39NE

Full description

1985. Hales Survey [1].
Good surface with lightly shot cereal. Divided into two contexts. See (S1).

Context 1. A in (S1).
'Portion near marsh'.
One body sherd pimply Ipswich.
Six medieval unglazed.
The rest.
Seven flints: flakes, one slightly retouched possibly for use as borer. Identified by J.J. Wymer (NAU).
Nine Roman greyware.
Two body sherds pimply Ipswich.
One medieval/post medieval? glazed.
Six post medieval.
One lava quern.
Twenty three medieval unglazed.

Context 2. B in (S1).
Three flints: three flakes. Identified by J.J. Wymer (NAU).
Eleven Roman greyware.
One pimply Ipswich.
One Theford type rim of unusual form.
Thirty medieval unglazed, possibly some lurking Thetford types included.
Eight late medieval/transitional.
Sixteen post medieval.
'Near the marsh'.
One rim pimply Ipswich.
Ten medieval unglazed.
Five late medieval/transitional.
See (S1).
Identified by A. Rogerson (NAU).
E. Rose (NAU), 23 June 1986.

October 2002. Metal detecting.
Seven Roman coins.
Medieval coin weight.
Middle Saxon, Late Saxon and medieval metal objects.
See lists and (S2) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 29 November 2002.

March 2003. Metal detecting.
Late Saxon coin.
Middle Saxon pin.
Medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 May 2003.

April 2003. Metal detecting.
Medieval seal matrix.
See description in file.
S. Ashley (NLA), 19 May 2003.

August 2003. Metal detecting.
?Late Saxon or undatable silver ?ingot.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 November 2003.

Site 20a and 20b.
This are has been interpreted as a medieval settlement. Thin scatter in band around 30m wide along edge of Chet valley floor. No sign of concentration near; no finds made from molehills on pasture to north.
See (S3).
M. Dennis (NLA), 1 February 2006.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • INGOT (Unknown date)
  • POT (Undated)
  • FLAKE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • COIN (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • INGOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STIRRUP (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Unpublished Document: Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 2004. Treasure Annual Report 2003. p 144; No 333; Fig 333.
---*Fieldwork: Hales Survey. 20. Hales.
---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Photograph: NCC Find Identification and Recording Service. c. 1975-2000. HES Find Polaroid Collection. HES Find Polaroid Collection. polaroid. black and white.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Photograph: 2003. KTR 35, Middle Saxon pin..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Hales Survey. Hales Survey fieldwalking notes.
<S2>Illustration: Finds Illustrations.
<S3>Monograph: Davison, A.. 1990. The Evolution of Settlement in Three Parishes in South-East Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 49.

Related records - none

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