Record Details

NHER Number:40611
Type of record:Building
Name:Corner Cottage and Crawfords, Market Place

Summary

This 15th century timber framed Wealden house is documented from 1542. It stands on the site of an earlier building recorded during archaeological excavations. The decay and repair of the chimney in the 16th century may have also resulted in the flooring of the open hall. The house has been owned by a number of craftsmen including a hoopmaker or cooper.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 08871 90516
Map Sheet:TM09SE
Parish:NEW BUCKENHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Early 16th century house, divided and floored in the mid 17th century, timber framed with rendered wattle and daub, roughcast to front. Open hall plan now altered in form reminiscent of a Wealden House.
From the mid 16th to mid 18th century the building was owned by cask makers, a cutler, tailors, shoe makers, a baker and a wig maker.
Roof replaced 1999.
See details in file.
Previously recorded under NHER 9200 (Context 10).
A. Cattermole (NLA), 13th July 2004.

October 1999. Trial Trenching.
Evaluation prior to the lowering the floor level within Corner Cottage.
Two large postholes were identified, which may represent an earlier timber structure on the site. A pit containing large quantities of charred oats was recorded in the area of the cross-passage at the northwest corner of the cottage; this probably pre-dates the building of the cottage. Evidence for recent brick underpinning of the south wall of the cottage was also revealed.
See report (S1) in file. The results of this work are also summarised in (S2).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2006.611).
A. Cattermole (NLA), 16th July 2004.

20 August 2002. Building Survey.
Visit to Crawfords by [1].
See short report (S3) and photographs (S4) in file.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 7July 2015.

October 2002. Building Survey.
Vist to Corner Cottage by [1].
See short report (S5) and photographs (S6) in file.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 7July 2015.

April 2006. Excavation.
Excavation to lower floor level within Crawfords. From Context 101-113.
Found levelling layers and late medieval to post medieval floor surfaces.
See report (S7) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S8).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.101).
J. Allen (NLA), 5 February 2007. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 27 April 2019.

This 15th century Wealden house is documented from 1542 when it was owned by John Feke. The chimney was in grave decay in 1579, its repair or possibly replacement in brick of a timber built chimney could also have signalled the 16th century flooring over of the open hall. A craftsman's rather than a merchant's house its owners in the late 16th entury were hoopmakers or coopers. In 1659 its ownership was dicidded between the Reynolds and Woods families.
Information from (S9).
M. Dennis (NLA), 10 May 2006.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLOOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HALL HOUSE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TIMBER FRAMED HOUSE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEALDEN HOUSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FLOOR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOTTLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Listed Building
  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Designation: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England.
---Unpublished Document: Rutledge, P.. 1999. Letter from Paul Rutledge. 7 July.
---Photograph: Crawley, P.. 2006. LXL.
---Monograph: Pevsner, N and Wilson, W. 1999. Norfolk 2: North-West and South. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. pp 559-561.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Slide: Various. Slide. 1-20.
<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Taylor, G. 1999. Archaeological Evaluation at the Corner Cottage, Market Place, New Buckenham, Norfolk. Archaeological Project Services. 119/99.
<S2>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2000. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1999. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt III pp 521-543. p 530.
<S3>Unpublished Report: Brown, S. and Brown, M. 2002. Crawford's - New Buckenham. Building Report.
<S4>Photograph: Brown, S. and Brown, M. 2002. Crawford's, New Buckenham (shots of exterior and interior). Colour print.
<S5>Unpublished Report: Brown, S. and Brown, M. 2002. Corner Cottage - New Buckenham. Building Report.
<S6>Photograph: Brown, S. and Brown, M. 2002. Corner Cottage, New Buckenham (shots of exterior and interior). Colour print.
<S7>Unpublished Contractor Report: Crawley, P. 2006. An Archaeologial Excavation at Crawford's (Interior), Market Street, New Buckenham, Norfolk. NAU Archaeology. 1166.
<S8>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 2007. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2006. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt II pp 261-273. p 266.
<S9>Monograph: Longcroft, A (ed.). 2005. The Historic Buildings of New Buckenham. Journal of the Norfolk Historic Buildings Group. Vol 2. pp 133-135.

Related records

9200Part of: New Buckenham, a medieval planned town (Monument)

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