Record Details

NHER Number:37217
Type of record:Monument
Name:Early Saxon inhumation cemetery and multi-period finds

Summary

The number of Early Saxon brooches and other metal finds recovered by metal detectorists suggest that this is the site of an Early Saxon inhumation cemetery. Prehistoric flints, Iron Age and Roman coins and metal finds, a Middle Saxon brooch and pin, Late Saxon metal finds and medieval and post medieval coins, pottery and metal finds including brooches and buckles have also been found by metal detecting.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF63NE
Parish:HEACHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Before 27 March 2002. Metal detecting.
2 Iron Age coins.
Roman coin.
Field shows signs of widespread and intense illegal metal detecting.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 April 2002.

Before 26 November 2002. Metal detecting.
Roman coin.
Iron Age, Roman, ?Late Saxon and medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 January 2003.

Before 8 March 2004. Metal detecting.
6 Iron Age and 1 Roman coins. 1 post medieval jetton.
Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 15 April 2004.

Before 24 June 2004. Metal detecting.
2 Roman, 2 medieval and 1 post medieval coins.
Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon (S1), post medieval and undatable metal objects.
Early Saxon objects are probably indicative of an inhumation cemetery touched and disturbed by ploughing.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 17 September 2004.

2005, before 10 February. Metal detecting.
3 prehistoric flint hammerstones.
2 Iron Age, 2 Roman and 2 medieval coins.
Iron Age (S2), Roman, Early Saxon, medieval (S3), post medieval and undated metal objects.
Undated whetstone.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 15 April 2005.

Before 4 November 2005. Metal detecting.
1 ?Mesolithic retouched blade-like flint flake.
1 Iron Age coin, 1 toggle and 1 La Tene III brooch.
3 Roman coins, 1 zoomorphic brooch, 1 copper alloy finger ring and 1 furniture stud.
1 Roman/Early Saxon strap-end fragment.
1 Early Saxon florid cruciform brooch fragment.
1 medieval folding strap clasp, 1 lace chape and 1 folding balance arm.
1 medieval/post-medieval purse pendant frame terminal.
1 post medieval coin, 1 jetton and 1 pin.
Fint identified by P. Robins (NCM), coins by A. Marsden (NCM) and other object by A. Rogerson (NLA). See list and descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 23 June 2006. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 16 December 2013.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • INHUMATION CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • RING (Unknown date)
  • STAPLE (Unknown date)
  • WHETSTONE (Unknown date)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • TOGGLE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP END (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • RING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BALANCE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • CASTING WASTE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STIRRUP (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP END (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BALANCE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BARREL PADLOCK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • LACE TAG (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PILGRIM BADGE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • Higher Level Stewardship

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Photograph: 2004. KVG 1, Early Saxon cruciform brooch foot plate..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 2007. Archaeological Finds in Norfolk in 2006. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt II pp 250-261. p 250.
---Article in Monograph: Ashley, S. 2016. Anglo-Norman elite objects from castle and countryside. Castles and the Anglo-Norman World. Proceedings of a Conference held at Norwich Castle in 2012. Davies, J. et al (eds). pp 281-298. Fig 18.7 No 44.
<S1>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2004. Drawing of a Late Saxon strap-end.. Film. 2:1.
<S2>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2005. Drawing of an Iron Age unidentified object.. Film. 2:1.
<S3>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2005. Drawing of a medieval buckle.. Film. 2:1.

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