Record Details

NHER Number:2009
Type of record:Monument
Name:Crabbs Castle


The earthworks here have been described as relating to an Iron Age hillfort or Bronze Age saucer barrow. However, investigation of the site has determined that the remains most likely relate to a medieval ringwork castle. Such ringworks are rare, but this example is in a typical location overlooking the surrounding area and the road to the south. Over the years a number of artefacts have been recovered from this site including Roman coins, medieval tiles and a Neolithic flint scraper and axehead.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 9147 3979
Map Sheet:TF93NW

Full description

Variously described as a hillfort and saucer barrow. Roman coins claimed.
Revised schedule describes as a medieval ringwork.
1934. Neolithic scatter found.
1935. Building material found.
1959. Flint axe found.
For full details and schedule see secondary file.
E. Rose (NAU) 14 May 1980.

August 2000. Field Observation and Desk-based Assessment.
Site visited and considered as part of archaeological assessment of Holkham Estate.
A low rise about 70m across and 1m high. No sign of ditches or other features. Ploughed at this time. There was no sign of tile on the surface.
See report (S2) for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 28 April 2015.

Monument Types

  • ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • CAUSEWAYED RING DITCH (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • HILLFORT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RINGWORK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF 9139A, D-F.
---Designation: [unknown]. Ancient Monuments Form. SAM Record. DNF296.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1995. TF9039/C - E; TF9139/G.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 93 NW 1 [3].
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Wighton [2].
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Wighton.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1990-2013. English Heritage Scheduling Notification. Notification. DNF296.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1994? -2011?. English Heritage Digital Designation Record. Record. DNF296.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Miscellaneous. Wighton.
<S1>Monograph: Bryant, T. H. 1898. Hundred of North Greenhoe. The Churches of Norfolk. Vol II. p 7.
<S2>Unpublished Contractor Report: Penn, K. 2000. The Holkham Estate, Wells-next-the-Sea, Norfolk. Archaeological Survey (Final Report). Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 532.

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