Record Details

NHER Number:16297
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of medieval watermill and multi-period finds

Summary

Metal-detecting and fieldwalking between the late 1950s and 2016 recovered prehistoric worked flint including a retouched flake and a Neolithic scraper; Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval pottery sherds; Roman tile fragments and a quern; Iron Age, Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval coins, including several that may have been part of a Middle Saxon coin hoard; medieval and post-medieval tokens; medieval to post-medieval jettons and undatable, Roman and Early Saxon to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include undatable whetstone, weight, spindle whorl and metalworking debris; Roman brooches, a bracelet fragment, finger-ring and part of a spear; Early Saxon dress accessories, tweezers and a shield mount; a Middle Saxon pin; a Middle/Late Saxon hooked tag; a Late Saxon brooch and parts of a stirrup; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories; medieval book fittings, an annular brooch, ampulla, part of a candlestick, a coin weight, crucifix fragment, harness pendant and seal matrices; medieval/post-medieval copper alloy vessel fragments, "paper-clip" rivets and a needle and a post-medieval brooch, crucifix fragment, thimble, mould and musket ball.
This is also the site of a medieval watermill, shown on Faden's map of 1797.

Images

  • Medieval annular brooch from NHER 16297  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British brooch from NHER 16297  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon stirrup from NHER 16297  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon stirrup from NHER 16297  © Norfolk County Council
  • Medieval weight from NHER 16297  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon buckle from NHER 16297  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF63NE
Parish:HEACHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Site of medieval water mill. Location [1].

1952.
Roman and Late Saxon sherds, including Late Saxon rubbish pit, found.
Floor reported.

1977. Found with metal-detecting. [2].
Middle Saxon coin.

1978. Found with metal-detecting.
Roman, Early Saxon and medieval metalwork.
Many Middle Saxon coins, dispersed hoard?
Also Iron Age coins.

1980. Fieldwalking and metal-detecting.
Iron Age coin (S2); Roman and medieval sherds.

1990. Metal-detecting finds.
Middle Saxon coin and metalwork.
Late Saxon and medieval metalwork.

1991. Metal detecting. [3].
Roman to post-medieval pottery, Late Saxon strap-end, Roman coins, Early Saxon buckle.

1992. Metal-detecting. [4].
Iron Age and Roman coin. Roman and medieval sherds, medieval metalwork.

1992-1993. Metal-detecting.
Roman and medieval coins and metalwork.

1995-1997. Metal-detecting.
Roman sherd, Early Saxon shield mount, Late Saxon/medieval/post-medieval metalwork.

See detailed lists and (S4) in file.

March-April 2008. Metal-detecting. Site extended, previous area saved [5].
Medieval coin and late post-medieval firearm fitting.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 May 2008.

May-June 2008. Metal-detecting.
2 Roman and 1 medieval coin, medieval seal matrix and ampulla.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 11 July 2008.

June-July 2008. Metal-detecting.
1 Roman and 2 medieval coins; a medieval coin weight and strap fitting and a post-medieval button.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 September 2008.

June-July 2009. Metal-detecting.
Neolithic scraper, Late prehistoric retouched flake, Roman brooch, mount, medieval strap end, horse harness pendant, medieval/post-medieval vessel leg, undated lead weight, 11 Roman coins and 3 medieval coins.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 September 2009.

August-September 2009. Metal-detecting.
1 imported Iron Age coin, 13 Roman and 4 medieval coins, Romano-British, medieval and post-medieval metal objects, and medieval lead token.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 October 2009.

November-December 2010. Metal-detecting.
Roman coin and medieval annular brooch.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 10 January 2011.

February 2011.
The Medieval annular brooch found in December 2010 and reported as Treasure case 2011 T21 was declared Treasure at inquest on 14 February 2011.
E. Darch (HES), 7 March 2011.

February-March 2011. Metal-detecting.
4 Roman and 1 medieval coin, and medieval strap-end.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 6 April 2011.

11 October 2011.
The Medieval annular brooch found in December 2010 and reported as Treasure case 2011 T21 was acquired by Norwich Castle Museum.
E. Darch (HES), 11 November 2011.

September-October 2013. Metal-detecting. [6].
4 Roman coins, 1 pottery sherd and a brooch.
Late Saxon/medieval stirrup-strap mount (S6).
Medieval lead weight and a strap loop.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 11 November 2013.

November-December 2014. Metal-detecting. [7].
Roman brooch.
Medieval buckle and strap-end.
1 medieval/post-medieval jetton.
2 post-medieval coins and a buckle.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 8 January 2015.

June-July 2016. Metal-detecting. [8].
9 Roman coins.
Middle/Late Saxon hooked tag.
6 medieval coins, 2 pottery sherds, buckles, strap-ends, a strap loop and book clasp fragment.
Medieval/post-medieval "paper-clip" rivets.
1 post-medieval coin.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 3 August 2016.

July-September 2016. Metal-detecting. [9].
21 Roman coins.
1 Late Saxon coin.
5 medieval coins, buckles, a strap-end and folding strap clasp.
Medieval/post-medieval needle and "paper-clip" rivet.
1 post-medieval coin, 1 jetton, 1 token and hooked tag.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 1 October 2016.

(S7) - PAS details to follow.
J. Richards (HES), 6 November 2018.

(S8) - PAS details to follow.
E. McDonald (HES), 20 September 2019.

Monument Types

  • FEATURE (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • SITE (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SITE (placename, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WATERMILL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Undated)
  • WHETSTONE (Undated)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 150 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 65 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPEAR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 50 AD to 120 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 138 AD to 260 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 260 AD to 268 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 260 AD to 268 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 269 AD to 271 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 286 AD to 293 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 296 AD to 305 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 320 AD to 321 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 320 AD to 330 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 323 AD to 324 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 324 AD to 325 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 337 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 341 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 341 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 341 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 348 AD to 350 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 350 AD to 351 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 351 AD to 353 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 351 AD to 353 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 353 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 353 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 355 AD to 361 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 367 AD to 375 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 367 AD to 375 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 388 AD to 402 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • INSCRIBED OBJECT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SHIELD (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • COIN HOARD (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Middle Saxon to Medieval - 700 AD to 1100 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STIRRUP (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STIRRUP (Late Saxon to Medieval - 1000 AD to 1100 AD)
  • COIN (Late Saxon - 1003 AD to 1009 AD)
  • AMPULLA (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ANNULAR BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CANDLESTICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CRUCIFIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Medieval to 15th Century - 1100 AD to 1500 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval to 13th Century - 1100 AD to 1300 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to 13th Century - 1100 AD to 1300 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (12th Century to 14th Century - 1150 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (12th Century to 13th Century - 1180 AD to 1210 AD)
  • COIN (12th Century - 1185 AD to 1189 AD)
  • BOOK (12th Century to 13th Century - 1200 AD to 1300 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 13th Century - 1200 AD to 1300 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 13th Century - 1200 AD to 1300 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (13th Century to 14th Century - 1270 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century to 14th Century - 1279 AD to 1302 AD)
  • BUCKLE (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1300 AD to 1300 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1310 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1310 AD)
  • NEEDLE (13th Century to 16th Century - 1300 AD to 1600 AD)
  • RIVET (13th Century to 17th Century - 1300 AD to 1700 AD)
  • RIVET (13th Century to 17th Century - 1300 AD to 1700 AD)
  • RIVET (13th Century to 17th Century - 1300 AD to 1700 AD)
  • STRAP END (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP END (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (14th Century - 1305 AD to 1306 AD)
  • COIN (14th Century - 1307 AD to 1309 AD)
  • COIN (14th Century - 1307 AD to 1309 AD)
  • STRAP END (14th Century to 15th Century - 1325 AD to 1500 AD)
  • STRAP END (14th Century to 15th Century - 1400 AD to 1500 AD)
  • COIN (15th Century - 1461 AD to 1483 AD)
  • JETTON (15th Century to 16th Century - 1500 AD to 1584 AD)
  • COIN (16th Century - 1508 AD to 1509 AD)
  • BROOCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CRUCIFIX (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FIREARM (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MOULD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MUSKET BALL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS HOOK (16th Century to 17th Century - 1550 AD to 1700 AD)
  • COIN (16th Century to 17th Century - 1582 AD to 1603 AD)
  • JETTON (16th Century to 17th Century - 1586 AD to 1635 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century - 1604 AD to 1607 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century - 1625 AD to 1634 AD)
  • BUCKLE (17th Century to 18th Century - 1660 AD to 1720 AD)
  • TOKEN (17th Century - 1668 AD to 1668 AD)
  • TOKEN (17th Century - 1668 AD to 1668 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: CZX 21-4, EWF 1-20 (both IA coins).
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Monograph: Ashley, S. 2002. Medieval Armorial Horse Furniture in Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 101.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 63 NE 14; TF 63 NE 16.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Photograph: 1992. LBJ 25-26, Late Saxon winchester style strap end..
---Photograph: 1992. LBJ 27, Early Saxon D shaped buckle..
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Heacham.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Late Saxon. Heacham [2].
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Miscellaneous. Heacham - NHER 1433.
<S1>Article in Serial: Gregory, T. 1980. Three Cast Prototypes of Iron Age Potin Coins. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXVII Pt III pp 341-343. p 342.
<S2>Illustration: Gregory, T.. 1980. Drawing of an Iron Age coin.. Film. 2:1.
<S3>Map: Finder's Map..
<S4>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1952. Heacham discovery. 18 March.
<S5>Illustration: Ashley, S.. Unknown. Drawing of a medieval horse harness pendant.. Film. 1:1.
<S6>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2013. Drawing of an incomplete Late Saxon copper alloy stirrup-strap mount.. Film. 2:1.
<S7>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2018. Drawing of a medieval buckle. Film. 2:1.
<S8>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2016. Drawing of Early Saxon buckle. Find Illustration. Film. 2:1.

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