Record Details

NHER Number:11100
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Hawker's Hall, Redenhall with Harleston


Ordnance Survey maps have described a 'moat' on this site for over a hundred years. Site visits in the 1980s confirmed a circular moat and mound, as well as a number of linear water filled features, and a motte and bailey was suggested. However, work in the early 1990s destroyed the mound and infilled one of the larger linear features, and it is thought that the mound represented just the spoil from the ditches. Metal detecting on the site has recovered only one Late Saxon coin.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TM 2515 8471
Map Sheet:TM28SE

Full description

Site of Hawker's Hall, a moat listed as an OS antiquity.
Depicted on (S1) as a circular moat, not wooded, with entrance on south. Separate north to south waterfilled feature to east also marked as 'moat' on (S2).

October 1982. Site visit. OS survey still basically correct.
The north to south linear pond is wider and waterfilled at its south end, but for the rest of its course is little more than an overgrown ditch. A forest nursery has been established between this and the main moat, so no original features are inside. The circular moat still has an entrance causeway in the south side and another opposite in the north.
This seems to have impeded the water flow so that the western side is waterfilled but the eastern side only boggy.
The ditches are wide and where dry around 2.5m deep.

The northwest corner is wider than the rest, and on the island's northwest corner is a large linear mound around 10m high from water, folowing edge of moat. Remainder of island flattish though disturbed, now overgrown with trees less than a centry old and nettles. Small pond outside south-west corner is not connected to moat. General impression is almost like a small motte and bailey.
E. Rose (NAU), 13 October 1982.

Site visited by A.Rogerson (NLA) 15 February 1993.
Mound destroyed, north to south linear pond infilled, probably with spoil from mound. He doubts whether this was a motte and bailey, the mound probably being spoil from the ditch.
E. Rose (NLA), 16 February 1993.

Before 23 April 1997. Metal detecting. (See also finds listed under NHER 33201, by the same finder).
Late Saxon coin, presumably found with metal detector.
Grid reference falls within this moated site, see list in file. [1] [2]
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 April 2000.

October 2004. Site visit.
West and south west ditches wet, others dry. Whole area densely wooded. Some felling may be undertaken on the Estate in rotation, but no work planned in next five years.
H. Paterson (A&E), 22 October 2004.

Monument Types

  • GREAT HOUSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOTTE AND BAILEY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • COIN (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TM2584 L-N.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TM 28 SE 2.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Redenhall with Harleston.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Map: Ordnance Survey, First Edition, 6 Inch. 1879-1886. Ordnance Survey 1st Edition 6 inch map.. 1953 edition.
<S2>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-7. Ordnance Survey 25 inch 2nd edition (revised 1902-7).

Related records

30501Part of: Gawdy Hall Park and Garden (Monument)

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