Record Details

NHER Number:9206
Type of record:Monument
Name:Bunn's Bank


This is a bank and ditch that runs along the parish boundary for about 2.5km between Leys Farm and Sluts Hole Lane. It has been suggested that it was a park boundary for Buckenham deer park (NHER 44620). The name could suggest Saxon origins, and if this is the case it seems the bank was later used as the park boundary.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TM 075 942
Map Sheet:TM09SE

Full description

Linear earthwork used as park boundary from 12th century onwards, but older?
See description in file, including for condition.
Ancient Monuments schedule in file.
E. Rose (NAU) 9 November 1983.

May 2012. Norfolk NMP.
Bunn’s bank as described above is visible as an earthwork, cropmark and soilmark on aerial photographs (S1-S10). For the mostpart, it is visible as an earthwork, largely tree-covered, and the aerial photographs did little to augment the existing Ordnance survey mapping, except between TM 0730 9399 and TM 0742 9416, where a cropmark of two, or possibly three ditches with banks between, measuring approximately 12m in total width, was visible on aerial photographs (S4).
However, a possible extension of the bank to the west is visible as a soilmark (S1) stretching from TM 0579 9348 to TM 0545 9345 and is still faintly visible as a soilmark as recently as 1999 (S7).
To the northwest, it is possible to see another extension to the bank stretching from TM0781 9471 to TM 0809 9509, with another possible arm to the east, ending at TM 0840 9503 (S6-S8 and S10). However, both of these soilmarks may represent post medieval field boundaries, and have been recorded with a note of caution. Banks and a mound are reported to be visible in this area on aerial photographs from 1934 (NMR Record TM 09 SE 33), but it is impossible from the available aerial photographs to distinguish a mound feature in this area.
It should also be noted that a further section of Bank has been recorded by the NMP in New Buckenham (NHER 57351)
E. Bales (NMP), 31st May 2012.

December 2012. Norfolk NMP.
Earthworks of two sections of bank and a ditch possibly related to Bunn's Bank are visible on aerial photographs on land to the east of Leys Lane, Attleborough. It is difficult to be certain whether these earthworks are in fact related to this monument, or whether they are simply the remains of medieval to post medieval field division. For this reason, the earthworks have been recorded separately as NHER 57492.
E. Ford (NMP), 11 December 2012.

Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Unknown date)
  • BOUNDARY MARKER (Unknown date)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Unknown date)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Early Saxon - 410 AD? to 650 AD?)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TM 0793A, TM 0693A,B, TM 0794A+C,D,E.
---Designation: [unknown]. Ancient Monuments Form. SAM Record. DNF514.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TM 09 SE 1 [8].
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Miscellaneous. Buckenham, Old [3].
<S1>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 3G/TUD/UK/59 5011-2 05-FEB-1946 (NHER TG 0593B-C).
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1970. OS/70282 160-1 31-JUL-1970 (NMR).
<S3>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.. 1977. NHER TM 0693A (NLA 54/SLIDE) 01-AUG-1977.
<S4>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.. 1977. NHER TM 0793A (NLA 54/AKS7 01-AUG-1977.
<S5>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.. 1984. NHER TM 0693B (NLA 149/AWM1) 27-APR-1984.
<S6>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1995. OS/95513 154-5 09-APR-1995 (NMR).
<S7>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Infoterra and Bluesky Ltd. 1999. Infoterra and Bluesky Ltd (Google Earth TM 0790 9489) XX-XX-1999.
<S8>Oblique Aerial Photograph: NMR. 2008. NMR TM 0895/001-3 (NMR 26148/36-8) 24-JUL-2008.
<S9>Oblique Aerial Photograph: NMR. 2008. NMR TM 0794/005-10 (NMR 66148/30-34, 39-41) 24-OCT-2008.
<S10>Oblique Aerial Photograph: NMR. 2008. NMR TM 0894/001 (NMR 26148/35) 24-OCT-2008.

Related records

44620Parent of: Buckenham deer park (Monument)
58719Parent of: Cropmarks of road and/or track of uncertain archaeological significance (Monument)
57492Parent of: Earthworks of bank and ditch possibly related to Bunn's Bank (NHER 9206) (Monument)
61171Parent of: Linear earthwork bank and ditch (Monument)
61172Parent of: Linear earthwork bank and ditch (Monument)
33952Parent of: Undated road (Monument)

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