Record Details

NHER Number:33952
Type of record:Monument
Name:Undated road

Summary

Analysis of aerial photographs has revealed a straight linear feature at this location. This may be a Roman road.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 0590 9629
Map Sheet:TM09NE
Parish:ATTLEBOROUGH, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK
BESTHORPE, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

March 1946. RAF aerial photograph.
Shows straight linear feature, of varying form with gaps, extending between two medieval moated sites (NHER 7009 and NHER 1056). Shows as ridge, with northern boundary ditch within field already shown as site NHER 4380, where it also becomes a tangent to a northward curving ditched causeway section of former road line of Attleborough to Wymondham roads in grassland. Broad ridge is noted in east where it approaches Carr Lane and site NHER 1056, soilmark between the two earthwork features. Possible Roman road, but not obvious further to east and west?
B. Cushion (NLA) 3 November 1998.

Parts of the feature are visible on Norfolk County Council Highways aerial photographs (undated but before bypass built) lodged at NLA. These show that the actual section where the bypass was built between sites NHER 33181 and NHER 4080 did not have any visible cropmark or earthwork. The section within site NHER 4380 is south of the end of the suggested Roman road running north-east. Towards Besthorpe Carr the Highways air photographs show a number of linear features probably post medieval field boundaries not exactly coinciding with the line of the feature. If the line is projected beyond the moated site NHER 1056 it would meet the end of the now-detached portion of Bunns Bank (NHER 9127). Does this solve the mystery of why the Bank ends at this point?
E. Rose (NLA) 5 November 1998.

September-October 2003. Trial Trenching.
Evaluation on route of A11 Attleborough Bypass Improvement Scheme. Single trench placed to investigate the postulated route of this road (Trenches 7).
No archaeological significant features or deposits were identified and no finds were recovered.
See NHER 60794 and report (S10) for further details. Previously recorded under NHER 39690.
P. Watkins (HES), 8 June 2015.

May 2012. Norfolk NMP.
The possible Roman road described above is visible on aerial photographs (S1-S9) in two east-west sections, stretching for approximately 540m between TM 0615 9634 and TM 0668 643 and for approximately 625m between TM 0523 9620 and TM 0584 9628. In places it appears to show as a double ditch and bank, although at its eastern end it shows mainly as broad, blurred soilmarks. At the western end, where it is visible as earthworks, it appears to be cut by the possible drainage earthworks recorded as NHER 54747 (S4).
The most westerly section, recorded from TM 0522 9618 to TM 0512 9614, is rather more dubious, since its northern ditch corresponds with a track depicted on the 2nd edition Ordnance Survey Map, and the southern ditch is somewhat further south than the rest of the road line. Its relationship with medieval moated sites NHER 57509 and 1056 is certainly of interest, and may indicate a medieval rather than Roman date for the road.
E. Bales (NMP), 15th May 2012.

Monument Types

  • CAUSEWAY (Unknown date)
  • ROAD (Unknown date)
  • ROAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROAD (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

<S1>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 3G/TUD/UK/101 6105-6 30-MAR-1946 (NMR).
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 3G/TUD/UK/101 6107-8 30-MAR-1946 (NMR).
<S3>Aerial Photograph: 1977. NHER TM 0696B-C, A & D (NLA 54/AKS8-9, 12-13) 01-AUG-1977.
<S4>Aerial Photograph: 1978. NHER TM 0696E-J (021-78-066-8, 137-8) XX-XXX-1978.
<S5>Aerial Photograph: 1978. NHER TM 0596D-G, H-K (021-78-069-72, 021-78-139-141) XX-XXX-1978.
<S6>Vertical Aerial Photograph: BKS. 1988. BKS 1998-9 08-AUG-1988.
<S7>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. OS/94148 232-3 31-MAY-1994.
<S8>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1995. OS/95513 112-3 09-APR-1995 (NMR).
<S9>Aerial Photograph: RAF. RAF TM 09/TM 0596/A; NAU TM 0696/A-F.
<S10>Unpublished Contractor Report: Birks, C. 2003. An Archaeological Evaluation associated with the A11 Attleborough Bypass Scheme. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 868.

Related records

9206Part of: Bunn's Bank (Monument)
54747Related to: Possible Roman road NHER 4380 and related earthworks (Monument)

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