Record Details

NHER Number:50903
Type of record:Monument
Name:Cropmarks relating to Runcton Holme medieval settlement


Cropmarks relating to the medieval settlement of Runcton Holme, including enclosures, field boundaries and a large pit or pond, are visible on aerial photographs.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 6177 0955
Map Sheet:TF60NW

Full description

February 2008. Norfolk NMP
Cropmarks relating to the medieval settlement of Runcton Holme, including enclosures, field boundaries and a large pit or pond, are visible on aerial photographs (S1-S2). A group of cropmarks of rectilinear enclosures, linear and curvilinear ditches are present to the north of St James' Church (NHER 2431). At least one complete enclosure, with a trapezoidal plan, is present in the eastern part of the group. It is located adjacent to Downham Road and has internal dimensions of 81m by up 59m. It is likely that these enclosures and ditches relate to the medieval settlement of Runcton Holme. Medieval artefacts have been found in the general vicinity of the cropmarks (NHER 28741). Several linear and curvilinear ditch cropmarks are present on a roughly southwest to northeast alignment, cutting across the pattern of the main enclosures. These appear to relate to a different phase of activity of unknown date. A soilmark of a large pond or pit-like feature is present in the northeast corner of the site (S3). It is sub-rectangular in plan and measures 23m by 11m. A small circular pit with a diameter of 5m is present to its northeast. Both of these features are surrounded by a light coloured soilmark suggesting a possible bank. These soilmarks could relate to some form of extractive pit, with the light coloured edges of the soilmark representing the edges of the pits. Alternatively they may relate to a pond, perhaps a fishpond for the nearby manor (NHER 20419). In either case, the relationship of the large rectangular feature and small circular one is unclear.
J. Albone (NMP), 22 February 2008.

Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Unknown date)
  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • EXTRACTIVE PIT? (Unknown date)
  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • POND? (Unknown date)
  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FISHPOND? (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TRAPEZOIDAL ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status


Sources and further reading

<S1>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1606 6337-8 27-JUN-1946 (NHER TF 6109A-B).
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1976. OS/76125 553-4 01-JUL-1976.
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1971. OS/71012 7 10-MAR-1971 (NMR).

Related records

20419Related to: Manor Farm, Downham Road (Building)
2424Related to: Medieval moat (Monument)
25386Related to: Medieval ridge and furrow (Monument)
28741Related to: Multi-period finds and possible medieval settlement (Find Spot)
2431Related to: St James' Church, Runcton Holme (Building)
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