Record Details

NHER Number:5240
Type of record:Building
Name:Turf Fen Drainage Mill


A drainage mill, dating from the later 19th century, with original machinery intact. The mill has the unusual feature of two scoopwheels.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 3696 1882
Map Sheet:TG31NE

Full description

Drainage mill. Brick tower, exterior of cap gone but machinery and frame survive, and central posts of sails.
E. Rose (NAU) 23 August 1975.

1970. Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society survey.
Wooden main shaft, traces of 2 scoop wheels, two speed gears.
See (S1).
Confirmed by J. Lawn, Millwright, who is restoring mill 1984-1985.

Press cuttings in file, see (S2) and (S3).

May 1987. Listed, Grade II*.
1986, dates to 1880, boat cap now weatherboarded, with fantail and machinery. All machinery survives including cast iron windshaft, crown wheel and pit wheel; latter drives two external scoop wheels through gearing allowing both high and low ratios, these features are unique. Sails under restoration.
See (S1) for complete listing details.
E. Rose (NLA) 31 October 1986.

(S5) describes major works carried out by John Lawn between 1984 to 1987 to repair the cap and sails. Includes paper copies of photographs.
(S6) shows the finished mill.
(S7) produced for Norfolk Windmills booklet for illustration purposes. The drawing is not accurate.
A. Rix (HES), 24 August 2011.

6 July 1994. NLA air photography.
Wind pump intact and clearly visible.
See (S8).
M. Brennand (NLA), 13 March 2001.

(S9) taken in 1955 shows the mill without sails or fantail and part of the cap covering missing.
A. Rix (HES), 24 August 2011.

(S10) includes description from Arthur Smith's book and details of works between 1986 - 1995.
A. Rix (HES), 24 August 2011.

See also (S11) and (S12).

Monument Types

  • DRAINAGE MILL (19th Century to 21st Century - 1850 AD to 2100 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2011. New report highlights threat to iconic mills. 19 October.
---Photograph: photograph of Turf Fen Mill, Barton Turf. Black & white.
---Photograph: 1992. Photograph of Turf Fen Mill, Barton Turf. Colour.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Fiche: Exists.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society. Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society Survey.
<S2>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1985. [Photograph of new brake wheel for Turf Fen Mill]. 19 February.
<S3>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1987. Windpump's sails set to revive tradition. 20 July.
<S4>Designation: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England. List Entry 1049930.
<S5>Unpublished Document: The Norfolk Windmills Trust. 1988. Turf Fen Windpump. 10 April.
<S6>Photograph: Norfolk County Council. Turf Fen Mill c.1987. Print, b&w.
<S7>Illustration: Batley, A.. 1995. Drawing of Turf Fen Windpump.
<S8>Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1994. TG3618/C, F, G.
<S9>Photograph: Hallam Ashley. 1955. Turf Fen Mill. Print, b&w.
<S10>Unpublished Document: Norfolk County Council. 1994 - 1996. 1994 to 1996 Drainage Mill Survey and record.
<S11>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1999. [Photograph of Turf Fen Mill]. 2 January.
<S12>Monograph: Smith, A.. 1990. Drainage Windmills of the Norfolk Marshes.

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2021 Norfolk Historic Environment Service