Record Details

NHER Number:4194
Type of record:Monument
Name:Probable medieval farmstead


Earthworks of subrectangular ditched enclosures, a probable hollow way can be seen on aerial photographs and on the ground. Fragments of late medieval flint and brick masonry and several ponds including one with revetting and another in the shape of a moat with a small interior platform have also been recorded. These are likely to represent a small medieval farmstead and associated fields.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 87 14
Map Sheet:TF81SE

Full description

Earthworks around possible moat noted by P. Wade-Martins (NAU).

19 April 1976. Ordnance Survey air photograph.
Features visible.
E. Rose (NAU).

25 May 1978. Visit.
Moat shaped pond has what may be remains of larger dry arms to north. Other earthworks under pasture are low humps. E. Rose (NAU).

1991. Visit.
Area of earthworks extended to north and west after site visit. Earthworks stand to some 0.7m to 1m in places.
See (S1).
H. Paterson (A&E) 13 October 1992.

1994. Earthwork Survey.
1:1000 survey. Features include several sub rectangular ditched enclosures, one short curved section of probable hollow way, and several lengths of flint and brick masonry indicative of a late medieval date. Several unlinked ponds are distinctive features, including one with a short length of flint and brick revetting and one of moat form with a small interior raised platform.
See report (S2) for plan and further details. This site was included in (S3) and the survey is also noted in (S4).
B. Cushion (NLA), December 1994. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 16 February 2014.

December 2008- January 2009. Metal detecting.
Late Saxon buckle, 1 medieval coin, medieval sherd, medieval/post-medieval weight & thimble,
see lists in file
A. Rogerson (NLA) 13 March 2009

Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Unknown date)
  • CAUSEWAY (Unknown date)
  • DRAINAGE DITCH (Unknown date)
  • POND (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • EARTHWORK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FARMSTEAD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WALL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BUCKLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: OS AP 76.020.145. Unit AP TF8714 B-G,R-T,U-Y.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Dunham, Great.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Miscellaneous. Dunham, Great.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Paterson, H. (A&E). Norfolk Ancient Monuments Management Project Site Form.
<S2>Unpublished Report: Cushion, B. 1994. Gr. Dunham SMR4194. Earthwork Survey Report.
<S3>Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 104. p 41.
<S4>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1995. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1994. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt II pp 230-239. p 233.

Related records - none

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