Record Details

NHER Number:31091
Type of record:Monument
Name:Deserted medieval and post medieval settlement


The earthworks of a deserted medieval and post medieval settlement survive north of Summer End Common. They include rectangular enclosures (probable tofts), house platforms, a possible trackway, drainage ditches and a pond. Late Saxon pottery and medieval brick, roof tile and pottery have been found at the site.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 7483 1534
Map Sheet:TF71NW

Full description

Sub rectangular, mainly ditched enclosures in grassland to north of Summerend Common. Particularly in eastern half, subdivision by ditches and banks, with some platforms (including one with likely flint wall length) suggest a series of tofts with outer variable enclosures. One platform in northwest of eastern field oddly positioned to others. Possible trackway as boundary with common, but not completely convincing. West of Summerend Common, a natural irregular platform has medieval brick and roof tile fragments.
Pottery finds:
TF 7504 1543 - one medieval unglazed body sherd.
TF 7498 1538 - one base with internal glaze, Grimston Ware bowl.
TF 7494 1536 - one Thetford type bowl rim (Grimston/Thetford) body sherd.
One medieval unglazed body sherd.
One glazed Grimston body sherd.
TF 7467 1521 - One sherd late medieval/transitional ware.
Two medieval roofing tile fragments.
Two medieval brick fragments.
Identified by A. Rogerson (NLA).
B. Cushion (NLA), January 1995.

December 1996. Earthwork Survey.
Survey at 1:1000 for the eastern half of the site which has the most convincing features.
To the north and west of Summer End Cottage the features are interpreted as either natural or purely drainage, probably post medieval. The mound to the west of the cottage has again provided some fragments of medieval roof tile.
Further pottery:
One unglazed Grimston Ware bow rim.
Two medieval unglazed body sherds.
Four glazed Grimston body sherds and one Late medieval/transitional ware handle.
Identified by A. Rogerson (NLA).
See report (S1) for plan and additional details. This site was included in (S2).
B. Cushion (NLA) January 1997. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 8 April 2015.

December 2000.
Site scheduled
See (S3) in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 28 December 2000.

Monument Types

  • DRAINAGE DITCH (Unknown date)
  • POND (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOUSE PLATFORM (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOFT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WORKED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • Higher Level Stewardship

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF 71/TF 7414/C, 76.020 189.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Report: Cushion, B. 2000. East Walton SMR31091. Earthwork Survey Report.
<S2>Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 104. p 31.
<S3>Designation: English Heritage. 2000. Scheduling Report.

Related records - none

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