Record Details

NHER Number:21306
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Probable medieval bell casting debris and multi-period finds


Fieldwalking and metal detecting in this area since 1985 have recovered a variety of objects from this site. Finds included Roman, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval pottery, medieval metal working debris, a 17th century cloth seal and two coins of Elizabeth I. The metal working debris is probably waste from the casting of bells, which suggests that this process may have been carried out on site.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 06 27
Map Sheet:TG02NE

Full description

20 March 1985. Field [1] (two fields on 6in Ordnance Survey map (S1)).
Field was divided into four quarters; 20m transects over well weathered ploughed surface; no concentrations; manure scatter.
Quadrant 1 (southwest): Seven sherds medieval unglazed, one rim late medieval transistional bowl.
Quadrant 2 (southeast): one base, one rim, three sherds medieval unglazed; two sherds post medieval greenglazed; near northwest corner of quadrant a slag fragment, bronze and speculum inclusion probably waste from bellcasting ([1] to report).
Quadrant 3 (northwest): seven sherds medieval unglazed, two undated grey sherds.
Quadrant 4 (northeast): one scrap ?Roman greyware; one flat base ?Roman or Thetford type?; one rim fragment Thetford type ware jar; four sherds medieval unglazed; one handle and two sherds ?glazed Grimston; one base like late medieval transitional; one post medieval sherd green glazed.
Identified by A. Rogerson (NAU).
A. Rogerson (NAU), 30 April 1985.

Object from quadrant two described by [2] as 'irregular lump of metal shown by X-ray flouresence to be bronze with some lead. Silvery surface suggests high tin alloy like bell metal, so probably from bellcasting'.
E. Rose (NAU), 15 July 1987.

1994. Fieldwalking.
2 prehistoric flint flakes.
20 medieval pottery sherds.
42 post-medieval pottery sherds (including 40 Lead-Glazed Earthenware and 2 stoneware).
Identified by W. Milligan (NCM), see note in file [3].
P. Watkins (HES), 25 August 2016.

February-March 1998. Metal detecting. [4].
Two post medieval coins.
Post medieval lead cloth seal. The solid disc has a stamp '34', probably the length of cloth; annular disc and rivet stamped 'WB' with a tree between the letters, the mark of the clothier or weaver. Probably 17th century.
See lists in file.
Polaroid (S2) taken by NCM.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 April 1998.

January-February 2006. Metal-detecting.
4 medieval coins (inc. 1 coin of Stephen) and 1 buckle frame.
7 post-medieval coins.
Coins identified by J. Davies (NCM) and other object by S. Ashley (NLA). See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 19 March 2006.
Updated by J. Page (HES), 25 February 2014.

25 September 2021. Metal-detecting Rally. [5].
NMD032022 - PAS details to follow.
A. Beckham (HES), 28 February 2022.

25 September 2021. Metal-detecting Rally. [5].
INDMC14032022GC - PAS details to follow.
A. Beckham (HES), 30 March 2022.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BELL FOUNDRY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Map: Ordnance Survey, First Edition, 6 Inch. 1879-1886. Ordnance Survey 1st Edition 6 inch map..
<S2>Photograph: NCC Find Identification and Recording Service. c. 1975-2000. HES Find Polaroid Collection. HES Find Polaroid Collection. polaroid. black and white.

Related records - none

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