Record Details

NHER Number:1705
Type of record:Monument
Name:Group of Bronze Age round barrows

Summary

A group of five Bronze Age round barrows exist here. Four survive as earthworks, with one ploughed flat. Four, including the ploughed barrow, were excavated in 1842. One contained a pottery vessel whilst another had an upside down pot which held fragmentary human bones, a bronze pin or awl and six or seven gold beads.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 77 31
Map Sheet:TF73SE
Parish:BIRCHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Great Bircham round barrow group.

Five barrows (context 5 is not scheduled), excavated 1842.
Urns, awl, gold beads found.
See (S1).
(S2) and (S3) in file.
One of the pottery vessels from this site is listed in (S8) as a later Bronze Age Biconical Urn.
E. Rose (NAU) 22 June 1982.

February 1988. Context 5.
Area ploughed. No trace of any mound.
J. J. Wymer (NAU).

1998. Earthwork Survey.
Survey of bell barrow (Context 4). Some variation in schedule entry measurements and truncation of southwest arm and 'recent' hole.
See report (S4) for further details and copy of plan (S5). The results of this survey are also summarised in (S6).
B. Cushion (NLA) 28 May 1998. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 4 March 2015.

1995. Scheduling amended
See (S7) for scheduling notification and map for amendments.
H. Mellor (HES), 13 June 2018.

Monument Types

  • ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • MOOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • AWL (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • BEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • PIN (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • Scheduled Monument
  • SHINE
  • Scheduled Monument
  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: HW21-24,CNV1-3,CXS15-16,EME6-8.
---Aerial Photograph: TF7730A-C,TF7630D-F,TF7731A-F.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Bircham [4].
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1990-2013. English Heritage Scheduling Notification. Notification. DNF133, DNF134, DNF135 and DNF136.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1994? -2011?. English Heritage Digital Designation Record. Record. DNF133, DNF134, DNF135 and DNF136.
<S1>Publication: Lukis, F.C.. 1843. A Brief Account of the Barrows near Bircham Magna, Norfolk..
<S2>Unpublished Report: Ministry of Works. Scheduling Report [generic record].
<S3>Unpublished Document: Lawson, A.. 1974. Site visit notes.
<S4>Unpublished Report: Cushion, B. 1998. Bircham SMR1705c4. Earthwork Survey Report.
<S5>Illustration: Cushion, B. 1998. Plan of earthworks at Bircham SMR 1705 c4. Film. 1:500.
<S6>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1999. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1998. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt II pp 369-387. p 370.
<S7>Designation: [unknown]. Ancient Monuments Form. SAM Record. DNF133.
<S8>Article in Monograph: Lawson, A. J. 1980. The evidence for Later Bronze Age settlement and burial in Norfolk. Settlement and Society in the British Late Bronze Age. Barrett, J. and Bradley, R. BAR British Series 83 pp 271-293. No 4.

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