Record Details

NHER Number:10539
Type of record:Building
Name:Hales Hospital, formerly Loddon and Clavering Incorporation House of Industry


This hospital was built as a workhouse between 1764 and 1767. It is reported to be the first Union Workhouse to be built in Norfolk. The H-shaped, red brick, two storied building has a pedimented entrance to the south. It was much changed during its later use as a hospital. The site of a pest house designed by John Harris of Ipswich in 1766 is marked on Bryant's map of 1826 although nothing can be seen at the site now.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TM 3856 9726
Map Sheet:TM39NE

Full description

20 July 1978. Visit. Heckingham Institution.
Built as workhouse 1764. H shaped, red brick, two storeys: low roofs, pedimented south entrance. Largely masked by later accretions.
E. Rose (NAU), 20 July 1978.

[1] says this was Norfolk's first Union workhouse.

Date is given as 1767.
E. Rose (NAU), 25 November 1985.

The building had a pest house 'a quarter of a mile distant' designed by John Harris of Ipswich in 1766. Exact location not discovered.
See (S1).
E. Rose (NLA), 18 April 2001.

The pest house is shown on (S2) a short distance to the northwest in the field covered by NHER 22657.
E. Rose (NLA), 23 October 2002.

See file for notes comparing the 1760s building with Union House, Gressenhall (NHER 2819), with its late 19th century and mid 20th century plan.
E. Rose (NLA), 24 June 2003.

February 2006.
Graffiti by original inmates can be seen in the exercise yards. Renovation to go ahead.
See (S3).
M. Dennis (NLA), 8 February 2006.

Monument Types

  • HOSPITAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • INFECTIOUS DISEASES HOSPITAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WORKHOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TM3897 B-F.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1987. Hospital is preserved - in print. 25 June.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1990. Homes plan for old hospital. 3 January.
---Illustration: Various. Various. Architectural plans.
---Unpublished Document: Rose, E.. 2003. Building Report.. Building Report.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Unpublished Document: Drake and Kannemeyer. 1989. Hales Hospital, Yarmouth Road, Hales, Norfolk.
---Unpublished Document: Drake and Kannemeyer. 1989. Hales Hospital Photographic Survey 1989.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1996. Vandalism concern at old hospital. 9 December.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1996. Children 'risk lives' playing in hospital. 10 October.
---Monograph: Pevsner, N and Wilson, W. 1999. Norfolk 2: North-West and South. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. p 376.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2011. A troubled past and an uncertain future. 15 January.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1990-2013. English Heritage Listing Notification. Notification. DNF11133.
<S1>Publication: Morrison, K.. 1999. The Workhouse.. p 156.
<S2>Map: Bryant, A.. 1826. Bryant's Map of Norfolk.
<S3>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2006. Hospital building could be used for housing. 8 February.

Related records

MNO5341Related to: Hales Hospital Yarmouth Road HECKINGHAM (Revoked)

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