Record Details

NHER Number:4686
Type of record:Building
Name:All Saints' Church, Threxton

Summary

The round tower is Norman including probably the bell chamber. North arcade mid-13the century rebuilt chancel of c.1300 and the rest of the church dates to around 1300. The church was heavily restored in 1865-1868. Apsidal chancel found in 1846 when the chancel was shortened. There was a medieval cross base in the churchyard. Finds from the churchyard include a 'Roman gold cross' and a pair of Late Saxon shears. In 2010 trial trenching revealed a sequence of deposits relating to the 12th century west tower and building material from a possible Roman structure.

Images

  • All Saints' Church, Little Cressingham  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:TF 8848 0013
Map Sheet:TF80SE
Parish:LITTLE CRESSINGHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK
THREXTON, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Late Saxon foundations reported; Norman round tower, remainder mainly around 1300.
Cross base formerly in yard.

Finds from yard; ?Late Saxon sherds, ?Late Saxon shears, 'gold cross'.
The shears were donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1950.179.8). See sketch on reverse of (S5).

See details and (S1) in file.
E. Rose (NAU), 2 October 1984.

Listed grade I.
E. Rose (NAU).

July 2009. Casual find.
3 sherds of medieval pottery.
See list in file
A. Rogerson (NLA), 16 July 2009.

August 2010. Excavation.
Archaeological excavation of deposits likely to have been disturbed by a subsequent assessment of structural damage to the building.
A sequence of deposits relating to the 12th century west tower were revealed and an extensive graveyard soil was also observed, which may have had its origins in the medieval period. Most of the post-medieval deposits were associated with the rebuilding of the chancel in the mid-19th century including a foundation deposit that incorporated Roman brick with attached opus signinum (broken tiles) suggests that a building of this period may have been located close to the site. Finds recovered included brick and tile of Roman, medieval and post-medieval date; window glass including painted examples of 14th to 15th century date derived from the chancel; coffin nails; and a small animal bone assemblage.
See report (S2) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S3).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2010.213).
S. Howard (HES), 25 February 2011. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 11 May 2019.

October 2010. Building Survey.
CoBRAR on church for proposed repairs.
Norman tower and south wall. Bell chamber is probably Norman also with replaced bell openings. Blocked double-splayed window in south wall. Chancel shortened in 1846 and revealed apsidal foundations.
See (S4) for report
S. Heywood (HES), 18 November 2010.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CHURCH (Late Saxon to 19th Century - 851 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BURIED SOIL HORIZON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOWER (Medieval to 12th Century - 1100 AD to 1199 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SHEARS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • CRUCIFIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DOOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FONT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOD SCREEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WALL PAINTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF8800 A-C,F,P,Q,U-Y; TF8801 A,B.
---Article in Serial: Plunkett, G. A. F. 1979. Norfolk Church Screens - 1865 Survey. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXVII Pt II pp 178-189. p 187.
---Monograph: Bryant, T. H. 1898. Hundred of Wayland. The Churches of Norfolk. Vol I. pp 72-77.
---Documentary Source: Martin, T. c. 1700-1799. Collections of Church Notes. Norfolk Records Office. Vol IX, p 90 c. 1740.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Website: Knott, S.. 2004. All Saints, Threxton. http://www.norfolkchurches.co.uk/threxton/threxton.htm. 25 June 2010.
---Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1945. RAF 106G/UK/483 6011-13 06-JUL-1945 (NMR).
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. £1.4m church repairs boost. 19 February.
---Monograph: Pevsner, N and Wilson, W. 1999. Norfolk 2: North-West and South. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. p 727.
---Leaflet: A guide to the churches and villages of the Hilborough group of parishes, Norfolk..
---Article in Serial: Hart, S. 2006. All Saints, Threxton. The Round Tower. XXXIII/No.3/pp.64-69.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. [Photograph of All Saints' Church, Threxton].
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Illustration: Finds Illustrations.
<S2>Unpublished Contractor Report: Cope-Faulkner, P. 2010. Archaeological Investigations at All Saints' Church, Threxton, Little Cressingham, Norfolk. Archaeological Project Services. 84/10.
<S3>Article in Serial: Gurney, D., Bown, J. and Hoggett, R. 2011. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2010. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLVI Pt II pp 262-276. p 270.
<S4>Unpublished Report: Heywood, S. 2010. The Church of All Saints, Threxton. Conservation-based Research and Analysis Report (COBRAR).
<S5>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Late Saxon. Cressingham (Little) [2].

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