Record Details

NHER Number:30520
Type of record:Monument
Name:Rougham Park


This historic park dates to the 17th century. It is laid out in a formal style with a huge lime avenue leading south from the site of the former hall and features a radiating pattern of sweet chestnuts at its north end. The size of the park has fluctuated over time from 15-45 hectares, with the present park 40 hectares in area. The earthworks of a 17th century kitchen garden survive along with a 19th century brick and flint haha.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 825 206
Map Sheet:TF82SW

Full description

Historic Parkland on (S1), but not included in (S2).
Rougham Park incorporates an area of around 40 acres surrounding Rougham Hall (NHER 3680). Earthworks to the west of the park relate to the shrunkern village of Rougham (NHER 3673), this desertion had nothing to do with emparkment and had already happened by the 15th Century. The 17th century garden laid out by Roger North can be traced from surviving features within the parkland and a surviving 1734 map (See (S1) for details). The main features included a huge lime tree avenue aligned axially to the house and extending southwards for nearly a mile, geometrically radiating tree lines, an enclosed garden and linear tree planting, possibly including an orchard. There is a dovecot (NHER 3680) to the south of the hall which dates to the late 17th century and which was probably part of the original complex designed by Roger North.
(S3) suggests that the park covered a much larger area then depicted on (S4), the landscaped area had contracted to the north but expanded considerably to the west.(S3) shows no evidence of internal planting within the park, however many of the existing parkland trees were probably planted in the mid-late 18th Century. The woodland in the north-west of the park surrounds a complex of brick kilns (NHER 3672) which date to the 18th century.
(S4) and (S5) show that an area of woodland had been established in the north of the park. After a period of leased tenancies, the North Family returned to reside at Rougham in the late 19th Century and a period of marked expansion followed. This site now encompassed 45 hectares according to (S6).
North west of the house there are two late 19th Century garden buildings, constructed in brick and flint. The lawns are separated from the park to the south and west by a brick and flint ha ha, probably late 19th Century in date. To the north of the house lies ‘the clock garden’, this consists of early 20th formal planting. The park has shrunk slightly in size since the early 20th century, and now covers an area of c. 40 hectares. To the east of the house a single wall of an early 20th century kitchen garden survives.
See (S1) for more infomration. For more details see (S2), (S3), (S4), (S5) and (S6).
E. Rose (NLA) 22 March 1994.
Updated by E. Nicholl (UEA), 14 November 2011.

Copy of earthwork survey in file.

Monument Types

  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DOVECOTE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • GARDEN WALL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HA HA (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PARK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TREE AVENUE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Monograph: Williamson, T.. 1998. Archaeology of the Landscape Park: Garden Design in Norfolk, England, c. 1680-1840.. BAR (British Series). Vol 268. pp 27-29.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Norfolk County Council. [unknown]. Inventory of Historic Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Norfolk..
<S2>Unpublished Document: Leah, M. D. (NAU) and Mathews, M. (NAU). 1990. Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission Dossier.
<S3>Publication: Faden, W. and Barringer, J. C. 1989. Faden's Map of Norfolk in 1797.
<S4>Map: Edward Durrant, Kings Lynn. 1841. Rougham Tithe Map. 1 inch : 9 chains.
<S5>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1824-1836. Ordnance Survey First Edition 1 inch..
<S6>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-1907. Ordnance Survey Map. 25 inch to the mile. Second Edition. 1:2500.

Related records

3680Part of: Rougham Hall (Building)

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