Record Details

NHER Number:16290
Type of record:Monument
Name:Shrunken medieval village of Ashwicken


Earthworks and cropmarks relating to the shrunken medieval settlement of Ashwicken are visible on aerial photographs. These include a building platform, possible tofts and crofts and a hollow way. Some of the earthworks were destroyed by ploughing during the 1990s. Other earthworks and cropmarks relate to field boundaries and drainage ditches.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 6977 1903
Map Sheet:TF61NE

Full description

21 June 1974 and 4 October 1978. NAU air photographs.
Linear earthworks north of All Saints' Church, Ashwicken.
D. Edwards (NAU) 18 June 1980.

Consist of a large rectangular enclosure with smaller one attached, underlying old field boundaries.
E. Rose (NAU) 11 July 1980.

Greatly extended from prints taken by Aerial Archaeology Foundation 4.

June 1977.
Many earthworks but very difficult to distinguish from overlying drainage.
Marks of old roads on west, and cutting off bend in modern road by Ashwicken Hall.
Ashwicken deserted medieval village?
E. Rose (NAU) 24 November 1982.

March 1992. Context 2 Surface find at [1].
1 Thetford-type jar rim
Information from [2].
Identified by A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 April 1992.

February 1994. Metal detecting find.
Medieval jetton at [3].
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 31 March 1994.

Earthworks destroyed and land ploughed at some date between 1992 and 1997.
Information from [4].
E. Rose (NLA) 20 August 1997.

February 2008. Norfolk NMP
Earthworks and cropmarks of enclosures and ditches relating to the medieval settlement of Ashwicken are visible on aerial photographs (S1-S6). A rectilinear enclosure is present in the eastern part of the group. Its southern part is subdivided into a trapezoidal enclosure measuring 81m by 56m. The northern part of the enclosure, which is incomplete, measures at least 100m long by 80m wide. The ditch forming the eastern side of the enclosure may be a hollow way marking the former course of the adjacent road. Further to the south is an earthwork of a rectangular building platform. It is cut by a modern track but measures 66m by 26m overall. Earthworks of parallel ditches are present to the west of the platform in the area to the north of All Saints’ Church (NHER 3416). It is likely that these earthworks relate to tofts and crofts forming part of the shrunken settlement of Ashwicken. Earthworks and cropmarks of other ditches and incomplete enclosures are present across the rest of the site. Some possibly also relate to the former settlement and field boundaries of medieval to post medieval date. Other ditches appear to have served a drainage function and are likely to be of post medieval date. Not all of the drainage ditches were mapped as part of the Norfolk National Mapping Programme.
J. Albone (NMP), 12 February 2008.
Revised 27 February 2008.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUILDING PLATFORM (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CROFT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROAD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SHRUNKEN VILLAGE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOFT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TRAPEZOIDAL ENCLOSURE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRAINAGE DITCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • Management Statement

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF 6918A,B,G,N,P-Q,L-M,R-U.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Unpublished Document: Paterson, H. (A&E). Norfolk Ancient Monuments Management Project Site Form.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (AAF). 1977. NHER TF 6919F-G (AAF 117/11-2) 04-JUN-1977 NHER TF 6919F-G (AAF 117/11-2) 04-JUN-1977 NHER TF 6919F-G (AAF 117/11-2) 04-JUN-1977.
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 3G/TUD/UK/51 5014-5 31-JAN-1946 (NHER TF 6918B / TF 7018C).
<S3>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1971. OS/71021 131-2 22-MAR-1971 (NMR).
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Meridian Airmaps Limited. 1976. MAL 76044 21-2 13-JUN-1976 (NMR).
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Meridian Airmaps Limited. 1967. MAL 67029 141 16-APR-1967 (NMR).
<S6>Oblique Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. 1966. CUCAP (AQC37-40) 20-AUG-1966.

Related records

11979Parent of: Ashwicken Hall (Monument)
28747Parent of: Medieval token and vessel (Find Spot)
3416Related to: All Saints' Church, Ashwicken (Building)

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