Record Details

NHER Number:16006
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of World War Two pillbox


A World WarTwo type 20 pillbox is visible in ruins on 1952 aerial photographs. An attempt in 2004 to locate the structure on the ground was unsuccessful.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 0864 4415
Map Sheet:TG04SE

Full description

Pill box. Southside of Gramborough Hill. In ruins, massive; resembling a Maltese chambered tomb.
Visited by E. Rose (NAU), 15 April 1980.

No change.
E.Rose (NLA), July 1994.

See record form in file by [1], who adds:
Ruins of rare, type 20 pillbox, built 1940. Blown up.
Survey No. D2-7.
D.Walker (NLA) July 1996.

October 2002. Norfolk NMP.
A pillbox dating to World War Two is visible on 1952 RAF aerial photographs (S1). It measures 5m across and the walls are 1m thick. It appears to be slightly dug into the side of the slope and has lost its roof.
S. Massey (NMP), 20 March 2005.

April 2004.
No trace of this was found, only two overgrown earthwork trenches or gullies with a wooden lintel to a buried chamber. The structure may have been buried in coastal defensive works, but might have been missed in the long grass.
E. Rose (NLA), 13 April 2004.

December 2004. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey.
Land-based survey; Cley, Salthouse and Kelling fresh-marshes, Context 8:
Second World War site identified, including concrete structure that may be NHER 16006.
See assessment report (S3) for further details.
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.421).
P. Watkins (HES), 1 July 2015. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 20 July 2019.

Quite remarkably, (S2) shows a rectangle on this spot – apparently a small building with an attached courtyard like an animal stall. The pillbox may have been disguised inside this.
E. Rose (NLA), 14 February 2007.

Monument Types

  • PILLBOX (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: Kent, P.. 1994. KHG 25-26.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1952. RAF 58/844 5023-4 21-MAR-1952 (NMR).
<S2>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1883. First edition six inch map.
<S3>Unpublished Contractor Report: Robertson, D., Crawley, P., Barker, A., and Whitmore, S. 2005. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 1045.

Related records - none

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