Record Details

NHER Number:10172
Type of record:Monument
Name:The Walls alleged Roman cemetery and multi-period finds


The alleged site of a Roman cemetery, referred to by 19th century sources, who state that cremation urns containing burnt human bone were found. The site is now a cultivated field, and fieldwalking has recovered prehistoric flint flakes and medieval to post medieval pottery fragments, but no Roman material.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TM 2477 9444
Map Sheet:TM29SW

Full description

1854. East of village where Ordnance Survey map marks a small pit.
'The Walls'. Alleged Roman dark wheelmade wares in earlier cemetery. (S1), Depwade Hundred says that urns, each 35cm (14 inches) in diameter, containing burnt bones and ashes, were 25 to 30cm (10 to 12 inches) apart in parallel rows, with occasionally two urns together.
(S2) and (S3) calls it 'Site of deposit of Early British Urns'. (S4) says 'very doubtful if Roman'. (S5) alleges pottery to be in British Museum, but not found there in 1948, nor by E. Rose in 1969 to 1974; no evidence it was ever there.

16 March 1933. Site visited by R.R. Clarke (NCM). Slight discolouration in barley at antiquity symbol; no pottery or finds in pit.

21 March 1979. Site revisited by E. Rose (NAU); pit has gone, no trace in ploughed field.

See NHER 13652 for Woodwards' 'huge Roman earthworks on Hempnall Green'.

Favourable conditions. No Roman finds, only slight scatter of post medieval sherds (Context 1)

1980. Fieldwalking. Three medieval sherds, five late medieval/Transitional; twenty four flint flakes.
Walked starting southwest corner in 20m squares.
Areas A1 to 5: nothing; A6: one flint; A7: one post medieval sherd; A8 to A9: one post medieval sherd; area B1 to B2: one stoneware sherd; B3: two medieval sherds; B6: one medieval sherd; B9: one medieval rim; C8: one medieval and one post medieval sherd.
Found on surface by [1].
Information from [2].
W.F. Milligan (NCM), 1980.

1984. Fieldwalking finds. Medieval unglazed sherds, post medieval sherds, worked flints.
W.F.Milligan (NCM), 15 November 1984.

Monument Types

  • CEMETERY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CREMATION (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • CREMATION (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)

Associated Finds

  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TM 29 SW 3.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Hempnall.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Miscellaneous. Hempnall.
<S1>Serial: Bryant, T. H.. 1898-1915. The Churches of Norfolk. Vols 1-19. Vols 1-19..
<S2>Article in Serial: 1855. Appendix. Extracts from the Proceedings of the Committee. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol VI pp 341-366. p 364.
<S3>Article in Serial: King, S. W.. 1859. Examination of an Ancient Cemetery at Hempnall, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol V pp 49-52.
<S4>Monograph: 1901. The Victoria History of Norfolk. The Victoria History of the Counties of England. Vol 1. p 318.
<S5>Directory: Kelly, E.. 1937. Kelly's Directory of Norfolk..

Related records - none

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