Record Details

NHER Number:20233
Type of record:Monument
Name:Probable Mesolithic occupation site, Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age worked flints and Roman pottery

Summary

Fieldwalking undertaken as part of the Fenland Project recovered a large number of Mesolithic worked flints in this field suggesting that the site was occupied during this period. There is also some evidence for more limited activity during the Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age period. This site is one of several in the area to have produced Mesolithic material, all lying on a sand island that is gradually emerging from the peat (see NHER 20232, NHER 20334 and NHER 20235).

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TL 6646 8628
Map Sheet:TL68NE
Parish:HOCKWOLD CUM WILTON, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

26 March 1984. Fenland Project fieldwalking.
Along southwest edge of sand island spreading up towards crest but not far across it.
Large spread of flints and pot boilers. Density not consistent; pot boilers not everywhere and general spread of flint denser in places, could in fact be several sites. Max dimensions 180 NW/SE x 60m NE/SW.
Two Mesolithic microliths were recovered and it is likely that the majority of the other pieces were also of this date, including cores, many blades, a denticulate, several serrated blades and two truncated pieces. Several pieces were however of Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age date (including a plano-convex knife, a scale-flaked knife and a barbed and tanged arrowhead) and it is therefore likely that at least some of the less diagnostic pieces were also associated with this phase of activity.
A single sherd of Roman pottery was also recovered.

For further details see project archive (S1) and final publication (S2). Finds now held by Norwich Castle Musuem
R. Silvester (NAU) 26 March 1984. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 4 September 2013.

1989 to 1990. Further fieldwork during Fenland Evaluation Project.
Auger traverse conducted.
Dossier prepared for HBMC, see copy (S1) in file.
M. Leah (NAU) August 1990.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • OCCUPATION SITE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • CORE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • DENTICULATE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • MICROLITH (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • RETOUCHED BLADE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • SERRATED BLADE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • KNIFE (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • PLANO CONVEX KNIFE (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • THUMB NAIL SCRAPER (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. HCW 31. FENS.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Archive: Fenland Folders.
<S2>Monograph: Silvester, R. J. 1991. The Fenland Project, Number 4: The Wissey Embayment and the Fen Causeway, Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 52.
<S3>Unpublished document: Leah, M. D. (NAU) and Mathews, M. (NAU). 1990. Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission Dossier.

Related records

20235Related to: Mesolithic and Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age occupation sites (Monument)
20234Related to: Probable Mesolithic occupation site (Monument)
20232Related to: Probable Mesolithic occupation site and Early Neolithic worked flints (Monument)

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