Record Details

NHER Number:4697
Type of record:Monument
Name:Woodcock Hall Iron Age to Roman settlement and Roman forts

Summary

The Iron Age and Roman settlement at Woodcock Hall has been known since the mid 19th century. Systematic fieldwalking and metal detecting has recovered an enormous number of Iron Age and Roman finds including coins, pottery, building materials and metal objects. The dates of the objects indicate that this was an area of significant settlement from the Late Iron Age until the 4th century AD. The finds scatter is widespread between Threxton and Saham Toney. To the south of the stream the number of mid 1st century military finds recovered from a small plateau suggests this is the site of a Claudian fort built to guard the river crossing. The very hot summer in 1996 enabled the identification of cropmarks of a second later fort straddling the Peddar's Way (NHER 1289, a Roman road) where it crosses the stream. Traces of roads and structures within the large fort can also be seen on aerial photographs. A separate possible annexe or horse compound has also been identified. The fort was the garrison for around 800 Roman legionaries and cavalry and was probably built in the second half of the first century AD on the site of an earlier Iron Age site. It may have been constructed in response to the Boudican revolt. An archaeological watching brief was carried out on the site by NAU Archaeology in 2007, this recovered 17 sherds of Roman pottery, as well as human skeletal remains which may represent an in-situ inhumation. Metal detecting in 2009 recovered a hoard of Roman objects secreted within a cauldron.

Images

  • Aerial photograph of the 2nd century AD Roman fort at Saham Toney.  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service
  • Cartoon depicting the discovery of Saham Toney 2nd century AD fort.  © Eastern Daily Press

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF80SE
Parish:LITTLE CRESSINGHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK
SAHAM TONEY, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Around 1740
(S1) says 'Old stone at ye runne of water between Threxton and Saham – query what it was?'

1847.
Samian Roman sherds found.

Around 1850.
Site of settlement around crossing of Wissey by Peddar’s Way east and southeast of Woodcock Hall from late 1st to 4th century AD. (S2) suggests this was a posting station of the military police.

Around 1850.
Roman coins, pottery, metalwork found. Most of Barton Collection in NCM probably derives from this site. See file for complete list. See also rubbings of decorated Samian sherds (S65)-(S67).

1852. Stray Find.
Incense cup in buff ware.
Roman Samian F37 bowl fragment with medallions containing dolphin, tiger and duck. See sketch (S68).
Donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1949.64 ex T. F. Barton).
See record notes (S60) for further details.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 7 September 2018.

1857. North side of Blind or Dark Lane.
Red tiled floor.
2nd century AD cremation in grey ware jar.
Roman coin.

May 1889.
Ornamental Roman key found.

1930 and 1934.
Roman sherds including samian found.
(S4) adds 'and bones'.

1932. North of Wissey.
Red clay tesserae observed.

'For years before' 1936. In bed of River Wissey.
Iron Age Icenian gold coin found.

1938 between 1946. In Ash Planting field.
Two Roman coins found.
See file for details.

1958.
Roman pottery found.

Before 1961.
Roman sherd found.

1965. Field north of Woodcock Hall.
Bank across field, north to south direction, parallel and east of the Peddar’s Way. A drain?

1965. RAF air photography.
Soil-marks seen on RAF aerial photograph.

1965. Found in gardening. Woodcock Hall.
Roman sherds.
See (S4) and details in file.

1965 to 1966. Field west of Woodcock Hall.
Area of surface debris.
Roman sherds.
Brick and tile.
Iron slag.
Glass.
Daub.
Oyster shells.

1967.
Neolithic flint knife found and reported in (S53).

1969. RAF air photographs.
Extensive markings and cropmark of track.

1970. Sewer trench.
Cut a complex of three pits. Contained Iron Age sherds and medieval 13th to 14th century green glazed sherds. Scatter of medieval and Roman finds on surrounding field. Possible medieval brick kiln?
See (S5) for details.

1971. Dredging river.
Produced Roman sherds (including samian), tile, timbers, much metalwork.

1971. Trenching.
Revealed pit and large quantities of Roman sherds (including three complete pots) and metalwork (including ear scoops). Cobbles were recorded here earlier.
See (S6) for details.

1971. Dredging.
16th and 17th century sherds. Roman pot including samian, roofing and flue tiles, iron objects and animal bones. May be the same as dredging recorded above.

1971. From drainage ditch.
Roman sherds.

1971. Dredging.
Roman and medieval sherds, animal bones, timbers and copper alloy and iron objects. These include a copper alloy eagle or swan staff head or cart mount.
See (S7) for details.
See drawings (S24) and rubbing (S76).

1971. Stray Find.
Majors Meadow after ditch cleaning at [8]:
Much coarse pottery observed on surface and in spoil.
Objects recovered included a complete Roman pottery vessel (S59) and a Roman coin.
A large baulk of carbonised timber was also observed, which had a Roman tile lying on it and an animal bone beneath.
The section exposed in the side of the ditch was 2-3" topsoil above c.12" drying peat with large amounts of pottery.
See record notes (S60) for further details.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 7 September 2018.

1972. Excavation.
Of Roman timber-lined well.
See (S8) in file.

1972. East bank of Blackwater in Church Meadow.
Lower Palaeolithic Late Acheulean handaxe. See NHER 58789 for further details.

1972. By footbridge in bank of stream.
Found by [6].
Iron Age coin flan mould.
See (S3) and (S9) in file. Listed in (S54) and noted on (S55).

1972. Stray Find.
Along river bank, at and in area of [10]:
Bronze, lead, and deer antler objects. Roman metalwork. Leather shoes and fragments. (S64).
See (S3) and drawings (S64) and (S74)-(S75).

1973.
Roman coin hoard of four gilded bronze coins found.
See (S10) and (S11).

March 1973. Stray Find.
Found "at Roman level" in bank of Wissey Stream in Church Meadow:
1 undated iron horseshoe. See sketch (S62).
Information from notes on drawing - no other record of this object.
P. Watkins (HES), 7 September 2018.

June 1973. From north bank of stream.
Iron hoop with attached bronze sheet.
See (S3).

1974. Stray Find.
Objects recovered by [6] at various location.
Found in Wissey dredgings at [12]:
Iron Age copper alloy ring-headed pin. See drawing (S72).
On loan to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : L1974.24).

Found in Woodcock Meadow (centred [13]):
Roman figurine of a deer, see drawing (S48), listed in (S52) and noted on (S55).

Found in Three Pits Field (centred [14]):
'Lead object' (marked on NCM map).

Found on surface at [15]:
Roman brooch.

Found at [16]:
'Large Roman coin' (marked on NCM map).
Information from record notes (S60).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 7 September 2018.

1975. Stray Find.
Found in dredgings at [11]:
Iron Age beaked and gilded brooch. See drawings (S69)-(71)
On loan to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : L1975.19).
Information from record notes (S60).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 7 September 2018.

1975.
Two Roman coins, Roman sherds and puddingstone quern found.
See (S3).

1976. Found with metal detector.
Two Iron Age coins, brooch.
See (S3) for details.

1976.
Roman sherds including samian.

1976. Found with metal detector.
Tip of Late Bronze Age spearhead.
See (S3).

1976.
Silver ring with gold inset plate with cameo of Mercury, late 2nd century AD.
See (S3) and (S12).
Counterfeit silver-on-bronze coin of Nero.
See (S13).

January 1976.
Roman sherds 3rd to 4th century.

May 1976. Stray Find.
Found in Three Pits Field:
Undated unidentified copper alloy object. See drawing (S73).
Information from notes on drawing - no other record of this object?
P. Watkins (HES), 7 September 2018.

October 1976.
Five Iron Age coins.
See (S3) and details in file.

1977. Found with metal detector.
Two Iron Age silver coins.
See (S3).

January 1977. Found on ploughed surface.
Handle/rim sherd of jug or costrel.

Some weeks before 12 December 1977. Dredging.
Iron Age and Roman brooches and coins.
See (S3).

1977 to 1978.
'Tank' marked by the Ordnance Survey reported as an ancient structure of stone slabs fed by underground springs. Visited by E. Rose (NAU) 19 April 1978. The 'tank' is buried and visible as a depression in the pasture with an iron railing around it.

1978. Found with metal detector in dredging.
Circular bronze disc brooch with interlace decoration.

1978. Found with metal detector.
Bronze finger ring with intaglio with a 4th century style bust.
See (S3) and details in file.

Spring 1978. Metal-detecting.
Found in dredgings at [9]:
Medieval dagger or scabbard hilt mount decorated with convoluted animals. See drawing (S61).
See record notes (S60) for further details.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 7 September 2018.
See (S3) and (S9).

June 1978.
Bout-coupee handaxe. Lower Palaeolithic. See NHER 58789 for further details.

Spring 1979. Found with metal detector.
Iron Age brooch and chape.
See (S3).

1980. Air photograph.
Cropmark indicating possible Roman marching camp.

October 1980.
Bronze statuette of Minerva 'in centre of settlement site'. 2nd to 3rd century AD.
See (S14).

1981. In hole in riverbank.
Palaeolithic handaxe. See NHER 58789 for further details.

1981.
Fragment of Roman glass vessel.

June 1981. Fieldwalking.
Found at [7]:
1 Roman mortaria sherd with REGALIS stamp. Probably from Ellingham kiln.
Identified by K. F. Hartley. See rubbing (S56).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 7 September 2018.

1982. Fieldwalking.
Roman sherd with graffito.
See (S3).

1982? Fieldwalking.
Iron Age Icenian coin.
See file for details and (S3).

1983 or before.
Possible Bronze crest from statuette helmet. See (S3).
Rare 13th century Limoges type buckle plate found. See (S15) and drawings (S57) and (S58).

28 July 1983. NAU air photograph.
Positive cropmarks of moat.

3 January 1984. Metal detecting.
Reports of a dozen silver denarii and a gold stater found.

1984.
Gold finger ring of late Roman, 4th century type possibly found.
See NHER 20035.

3 January 1987. Metal detecting.
Iron Age Iceni silver coin, eight Roman bronze coins, one silver Roman coin and half a Roman bronze tweezers may have been found.

Winter 1988 to 1989. Metal detecting.
Unusual Roman double-headed brooch.
See photograph (S9) and drawing (S25).
One of several multiple-bow brooch from Norfolk described in (S63).

1989. Probable metal detecting.
From hole excavated by police. Probably metal detecting. Roman sherds, animal bones and Roman tile.

1990. NLA air photograph.
Rectilinear cropmarks. ?trackways.

1 April 1993. Metal detecting.
Roman coins, hairpins, jettons. Medieval/post medieval metalwork.
See list and (S3) in file.

1994. Foundation trench.
Roman sherds including the base/footing of a platter imitating Gallo-Belgic types.

10 April 1995. Metal detecting.
Roman coin.
See details in file.

25 July 1996. NLA air photography.
Northeast defences showing as cropmarks. Several areas of cropmarks are visible to the south, separated from the fort by the road and river. A parched linear flanked by a ditch to the west runs southeast to northwest towards the river at approximately location [1]. This may be a stretch of Roman road. It is not clear what its relationship is to the road which enters the fort. To the west of this linear are fragments of rectilinear enclosures, which are partially visible.
S. Massey (NLA) 22 November 2001.

7 August 1996. NLA air photography.
Photograph taken of fort site and surrounding area.
The southern fort defences can be seen as very faint cropmarks.
S. Massey (NLA), 8 November 2001.

October 1998. Metal detecting finds.
Roman and one medieval coins. Roman, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See details and (S3) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 4 December 1998.

16 June 1999. NLA air photography.
Northeast corner of fort defences showing well as cropmarks. The southern set of ditches can also be seen, although they are not as clear. Other cropmarks elements can be seen to the southeast extent of the site. Traces of ditches are visible, possibly relating to an enclosure, although they are not clear enough to offer any definite interpretation.
S. Massey (NLA), 2 November 2001.

November 1999. Metal detecting. [3].
Three Iron Age coins.
Roman, medieval and post medieval coins.
Bronze Age copper alloy spearhead fragment (S26).
Iron Age terret.
Roman brooch.
Medieval brooch.
See lists, (S3) and (S4) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 5 February 2000.

Before 4 April 2000. Metal detecting in two areas (Cottage and Three Pits field) outside scheduled area. [4].
Iron Age and Roman coins, medieval and post medieval coins.
Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, medieval, post medieval and undatable metal finds.
Roman and post medieval sherds.
See lists in file with grid references of areas.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 30 May 2000.

Found before 4 April 2000, Three Pits Field.
Three Roman silver finger ring fragments, disclaimed as treasure.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 1 September 2000.

April 2000. Metal detecting.
Roman coins.
Iron Age, Roman and medieval metal objects.
See lists in file with grid reference of areas.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 1 September 2001.

August-November 2001. Metal-detecting. [5].
Undated unidentified copper alloy object.
2 Late Iron Age coin.
Late Iron Age/Roman brooch.
6 Roman coins, brooches, a seal-box lid (S33), pin and an unidentified globular copper alloy object.
1 medieval coin and a bar mount.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 12 February 2016.

September 2001. Metal-detecting. [5].
Roman cosmetic mortar (S31) and strap loop (S32).
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 12 February 2016.

May 2002. Metal-detecting. [5].
Late Bronze Age flesh hook (S28). See (S16).
Roman or Late Saxon unidentified cast copper alloy object (S27).
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 12 February 2016.

May 2002. Metal-detecting. [5].
1 Late Iron Age coin.
3 Roman pottery sherds and 1 tegula fragment.
Early Saxon small-long brooch (S38).
1 Late Saxon/medieval pottery sherd.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 12 February 2016.

September 2002. Metal-detecting. [5].
2 Late Iron Age coins.
Iron Age/Roman terret (S30).
1 Roman coin and a brooch.
Medieval clip.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 12 February 2016.

November 2002. Metal-detecting. [5].
Bronze Age copper alloy awl (S29).
1 Late Iron Age coin.
2 Roman coin, buckle (S34) and a bracelet fragment (S35).
Middle Saxon copper alloy pin (S39).
Medieval buckle.
1 post-medieval token and a button.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 12 February 2016.

December 2002. Metal-detecting. [5].
Roman brooch and strap end (S36).
Middle Saxon ansate brooch (S43).
Medieval/post-medieval copper-alloy lid pull from a ewer (S44). Reidentified by A. Rogerson (HES). Originally identified as a Roman pallic pendant.
Post-medieval coin weight.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 12 February 2016.

March 2003. Metal-detecting. At location [2]. [5].
Iron Age to medieval toggle.
Roman coin hoard of 2 coins corroded together, a brooch and a finger ring.
1 medieval coin.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 12 February 2016.

September 2003. Metal-detecting. At location [2]. [5].
Bronze Age casting sprue fragment.
1 Late Iron Age coin.
2 Roman coins, copper alloy hair pin (S41) and copper alloy vessel handle (S40).
Middle Saxon copper alloy pin (S42).
Late Saxon strap-end (S37).
1 medieval coin.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 12 February 2016.

January 2004. Metal detecting.
16th century copper alloy mount.
Information from PAS.
A. Cattermole (HES), 2 September 2011.

(S17) suggests the presence of a Claudian fort to the south of the stream. The number of mid 1st century military finds recovered from a small plateau suggests this is this early fort was built to guard the river crossing.
M. Dennis (NLA) 9 May 2006.

Before 9 November 2006. Metal detecting.
Thirty-six Iron Age, ninety-three Roman, eight medieval and five post medieval coins.
Bronze Age (S45), Late Bronze Age (S46) (S47), Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 February 2007.

February 2007.
Scheduled monument consent granted concerning the reposition of an overhead line.
See (S18)
H. White (NLA), 6 April 2009

September 2007.
Section 17 management agreement renewed. See (S19).
D. Robertson (NLA), 17 October 2007.

October 2007. Watching Brief.
Contexts 1-16 used.
Excavation limited to pole and stay holes for the replacement of electricity poles within fields north and east of Woodcock Hall. No archaeological features were observed due to restricted nature of the intervention.
18 sherds of Romano-British coarse ware pottery were recovered, dating to between the late 1st and 2nd centuries, along with one fragment of undated roof tile.
Human skeletal remains were recovered, which may represent an in-situ inhumation, associated with one fragment of Romano-British pottery.
For report (S20) for further details.
The archive associated with this work has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2016.57).
E. Bales (NLA), 22 May 2008. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 27 April 2019.

September 2008. Trial Trenching.
Evaluation of site at Watton Sewage Treatment Works. From context 20.
The excavation revealed Roman features and finds indicating settlement dating to between the 2nd and 4th centuries AD. The material recovered indicates a substantial structure was located within the vicinity included a hypocaust or bath-house, although the proximity of the river could suggest that the latter is more likely. The size and type of the Roman tiles and ceramic building material recovered suggest that presence of two different buildings or at least a single building with two phases of construction. A small quantity of Saxon and medieval pottery was also recovered which could indicate activity during these periods or could have been introduced by other means including manuring.
See report (S22) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S23).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.81 and NWHCM : 2017.494).
S. Howard (HES), 17 August 2011. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 27 April 2019.

Before 3 June 2009. Metal detecting.
7 Iron Age, 185 Roman and 3 post-medieval coins, 1 post-medieval token and 3 jettons, hoard consisting of copper alloy cauldron containing pewter vessels and large numbers of iron objects.
See lists, drawings (S50) and (S51) and X-ray in file.
A. Rogerson, (NLA), 1 December 2009.

Before 4 December 2009. Metal detecting.
Iron Age/Roman terret, Iron Age coin and 6 Roman coins,
See list in file,
A. Rogerson, (NLA), 2 February 2010.

January 2010.
Section 17 management agreement renewed.
See (S21).
D. Robertson (NLA), 2 February 2010.

Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Unknown date)
  • FEATURE (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Undated)
  • LIME WORKS (Unknown date)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • ROAD (Unknown date)
  • STANDING STONE (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Early Iron Age - 3000 BC to 401 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Middle Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Iron Age to Roman - 400 BC to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
  • BATH HOUSE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CREMATION (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman to Late Saxon - 43 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman to Medieval - 43 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FORT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HYPOCAUST? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • INHUMATION? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEMPORARY CAMP (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TESSELLATED FLOOR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WELL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK KILN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • BUILDING MATERIAL (Unknown date)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • KNIFE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • AWL (Late Neolithic to Early Iron Age - 2500 BC to 700 BC)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Late Neolithic to Middle Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 1066 BC)
  • AWL (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • SPEAR (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • SPEAR (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FLESH HOOK (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • SICKLE (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • SPEAR (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN MOULD (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • MINIATURE OBJECT (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • TOGGLE (Early Iron Age to 16th Century - 800 BC to 1540 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Middle Iron Age to Roman - 200 BC to 100 AD)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 1 BC)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 1 BC)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age - 80 BC to 30 BC)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age - 50 BC to 1 BC)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age - 50 BC to 20 AD)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age - 40 BC to 10 BC)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age - 20 BC to 20 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Late Iron Age to Roman - 1 AD to 45 AD)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age to Roman - 20 AD to 43 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 70 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 70 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 100 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 250 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUCKET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CHISEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN HOARD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COSMETIC MORTAR (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 410 AD)
  • COSMETIC PESTLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DIE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FERRULE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD? to 410 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • GEMSTONE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HAIR PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HAIR PIN (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 410 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HOARD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HOB NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • INSCRIBED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LOCK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MINIATURE OBJECT (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 410 AD)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL CLEANER (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NEEDLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PADLOCK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PALETTE (COSMETIC) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PENDANT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PENDANT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PENDANT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 410 AD)
  • PIN (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 410 AD)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 410 AD)
  • POT (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 410 AD)
  • PROBE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PURSE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SEAL BOX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SEAL BOX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SEAL BOX (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 410 AD)
  • SHACKLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SHOE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SKILLET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPATULA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPEAR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 410 AD)
  • STUD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STUD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STYLUS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEGULA (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 410 AD)
  • TESSERA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TIE BAR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TOILET ARTICLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 410 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD? to 410 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman to Medieval - 43 AD? to 1066 AD?)
  • VEHICLE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL? (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 410 AD)
  • VOTIVE MODEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WINDOW (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Roman - 80 AD to 250 AD)
  • COIN HOARD (Roman - 98 AD to 117 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Roman - 100 AD to 170 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 100 AD to 250 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 117 AD to 138 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 117 AD to 138 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 138 AD to 161 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 141 AD to 161 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 160 AD to 198 AD)
  • PLATE BROOCH (Roman to Early Saxon - 200 AD to 410 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 222 AD to 235 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 250 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 253 AD to 255 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 276 AD to 282 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 276 AD to 282 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Roman - 300 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 300 AD to 400 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman to Early Saxon - 300 AD to 410 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 337 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 348 AD to 360 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 348 AD to 360 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 348 AD to 360 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 383 AD to 392 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 393 AD to 402 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 395 AD to 402 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 600 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SHIELD (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP END (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 470 AD to 600 AD)
  • PIN (Early Saxon to Late Saxon - 600 AD to 900 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 700 AD to 900 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 720 AD to 900 AD)
  • BRIDLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINGER RING? (Late Saxon - 900 AD? to 1000 AD)
  • STRAP END (Late Saxon - 900 AD to 1000 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon to 12th Century - 1000 AD to 1200 AD)
  • BELL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAME (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CHAFING DISH (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DAGGER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • EWER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIN (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT MEND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval to 16th Century - 1066 AD to 1540 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (12th Century - 1180 AD to 1185 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1210 AD to 1217 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1294 AD to 1299 AD)
  • BUCKLE (13th Century to 15th Century - 1300 AD to 1500 AD)
  • CLIP (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (14th Century - 1351 AD? to 1377 AD)
  • VESSEL (14th Century to 16th Century - 1400 AD to 1600 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING? (15th Century to 16th Century - 1500 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CANDLE SNUFFER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FERRULE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT MEND (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POWDER MEASURE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STUD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (16th Century to 17th Century - 1588 AD to 1632 AD)
  • BUTTON (16th Century to 17th Century - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)
  • TOKEN (18th Century - 1714 AD to 1727 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TF 8800AFP-AGT.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1997. Lovely brook is lost forever. 5 June.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 73-243-033.
---Article in Serial: Brown, R.A.. 1996. Flying into the Past. Newly Discovered Roman Fort in Saham Toney.. Saham Saga. September.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1984-1994. [Articles on illegal metal detecting at Woodcock Hall Iron Age to Roman settlement and Roman forts].
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1996. Lost for 2000 years. 6 August.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Photograph: EWR 1-10.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 80 SE 5 [3]; TF 80 SE 7; TF 80 SE 21; TF 80 SE 22; TF 80 SE 23; TF 80 SE 24; TF 80 SE M;.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1994. TF8800/ACT - ACZ, ADA - ADT; TF8900/Y - Z, AA - AH.
---Unpublished Document: Brown, R.A.. Woodcock Hall, Saham Toney, Record of Coins Found.
---X-ray: X ray.
---Article in Monograph: Lawson, A.. 1978. A Hand-Axe from Little Cressingham. East Anglian Archaeology. No 8 pp 1-8.
---Aerial Photograph: TF8800 Z-AH; TF8900 A-L,M-U,V-X.
---Unpublished Report: Brown, R. A. 1996. A Newly Discovered Roman Fort at Woodcock Hall, Saham Toney, Norfolk.
---Vertical Aerial Photograph: Google Earth. 2006. Infoterra Ltd and Bluesky 31-DEC-2006 (Google Earth TF88620068)..
---Publication: Brown, R.. 1985. Dissertation on Woodcock Hall RB site. 2.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1999. TF 8800AGU - AHZ.
---Unpublished Document: Gregory, A.. 1979. Woodcock Hall Site, Saham Toney/Little Cressingham. Pottery Report 1963 to August 1979..
---Unpublished Document: Brown, R.A.. 1996. Editorial IN Saham Saga. October.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TF 8800AJ - AM, ADU - AFB.
---Correspondence: Various. Various. Letters. Woodcock Hall Iron Age and Roman Site..
---Newspaper Article: The Times. 1996. Early Roman fort unearthed by the long hot summer. 7 August.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Serial: 1975. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1975. No 22. pp 6, 12.
---Article in Serial: Edwards, D. (NAU). 1983. Archaeological Discoveries for 1981 and 1982. CBA Group VI Bulletin. Series 2 No 28 pp 31-53. p 36 (palaeo).
---Monograph: Ashley, S. 2002. Medieval Armorial Horse Furniture in Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 101.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1986. History of Roman camp is pieced together. 11 January.
---Photograph: NCC Find Identification and Recording Service. c. 1975-2000. HES Find Polaroid Collection. HES Find Polaroid Collection. polaroid. black and white.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TF 8800AJA.
---Unpublished Document: Translation of extract from H. Menzel Die Romischen Bronzen aus Deutschland I, Speyer (Mainz 1960).
---Newspaper Article: The Times. 1996. [Letter to the editor regarding the discovery of the Roman fort]. 14 August.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Cressingham (Little) [2].
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Post-Medieval. Cressingham (Little).
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Saham Toney.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Saham Toney [18].
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Iron Age. Cressingham (Little Threxton) [2].
---Illustration: Brown, R. 1972. Drawing of a metal object found at Woodcock Hall. Paper. 1:1.
---Illustration: Brown, R. 1994. Sketches of a Roman copper alloy Minerva statuette. Paper. 2:1.
---Article in Serial: Brown, R. 1977. Roman Sites - Saham Toney [summary of talk given at Recent Discoveries Meeting on October 15th]. Norfolk Research Committee Newsletter and Bulletin. Series 2 No 19 p 3.
---Article in Serial: Browne, R. 1984. First Century Brooches at Woodcock Hall: a guide to population?. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin. Series 2 No 31 pp 12-13.
---Article in Serial: Cornford, B. 1988. Robin Brown - Field Walking at Woodcock Hall [report of talk given at Recent Discoveries meeting, June 5, 1988]. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin. Series 2 No 39 pp 6-7.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Miscellaneous. Saham Toney [2].
---Designation: [unknown]. Ancient Monuments Form. SAM Record. DNF433.
---Designation: Department Of The Environment. 1882-1984?. Department of the Environment Scheduling Notification. Notification. DNF433.
---Illustration: [Unknown]. [Unknown]. Sketch of a Roman Samian pottery sherd (F37). Paper. Not to scale.
---Illustration: Brown, R. A. [Unknown]. Rubbing of a Roman Samian pottery stamp (MOSSI.MA). Paper. 1:1.
---Illustration: Brown, R. A. [Unknown]. Rubbing of a Roman Samian pottery stamp (LVTAEVS.F). Paper. 1:1.
---Illustration: Brown, R. A. [Unknown]. Rubbing of a Roman Samian pottery stamp (?OIIPVIC). Paper. 1:1.
---Illustration: Brown, R. A. [Unknown]. Rubbing of a Roman Samian pottery stamp (MINVSO.F). Paper. 1:1.
---Illustration: Brown, R. A. [Unknown]. Rubbing of a Roman Samian pottery stamp (QVINTIRIMI). Paper. 1:1.
---Illustration: Brown, R. A. [Unknown]. Rubbing of a Roman Samian pottery stamp (MATERN.F). Paper. 1:1.
---Illustration: Brown, R. A. [Unknown]. Rubbing of a Roman Samian pottery stamp (ILLIVS.FEC). Paper. 1:1.
---Illustration: Brown, R. A. [Unknown]. Rubbings of Roman mortaria pottery stamps. Paper. 1:1.
---Illustration: Gregory, T. [Unknown]. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy brooch. Card. 2:1.
---(No record type): [TBC].
---Article in Serial: 1849. Proceedings of the Association. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. First Series Vol IV pp 379-406. p 382.
<S1>Documentary Source: Martin, T. c. 1700-1799. Collections of Church Notes. Norfolk Records Office. c. 1740.
<S2>Article in Serial: Clarke, R. R. and Moore, I. E. 1937. The Roman Villages at Brettenham and Needham and the Contemporary Road System. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXVI Pt II pp 123-163. p 158.
<S4>Map: Finder's Map..
<S5>Unpublished Document: Dennis, B.A.. 1970. Notes on Finds in Sewer Trench at Threxton.
<S6>Unpublished Report: Dennis, B. A. Note on Exploratory Excavations at Saham Toney.
<S7>Article in Serial: Painter, K. S. 1971. A Roman bronze vehicle-mount from Little Cressingham, Norfolk. Antiquaries Journal. Vol LI Pt II pp 324-325.
<S8>Unpublished Report: Dennis, B. A. 1973. Wood Lined Well at Saham Toney.
<S9>Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
<S10>Article in Serial: Brown, R. A. 1988. A Group of Gold-Plated Roman Coins from Woodcock Hall. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XL Part II pp 171-179.
<S11>Unpublished Document: British Museum. 1973. Four bronze gilded coins from Woodcock Hall, Saham Toney.
<S12>Article in Serial: Henig, M. and Brown, R. A. 1979. Silver and Gold Roman Finger Ring from Watton, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXVII Part II pp 201-202.
<S13>Unpublished Document: Brown, R.A.. An Unusual Counterfeit Coin of Nero from Saham Toney.
<S14>Article in Serial: Brown, R. A. 1982. Figurine of the Goddess Minerva from the Woodcock Hall Romano-British Site. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXVIII Part II pp 206-208.
<S15>Article in Serial: Margeson, S. 1985. A 13th-century Buckle-Plate from Saham Toney. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXIX Pt II p 215.
<S16>Unpublished Document: Suffolk Portable Antiquities Scheme Detailed Finds Report.
<S17>Article in Serial: 1986. The Iron Age and Romano-British Settlement at Woodcock Hall, Saham Toney, Norfolk.. Britannia. Vol XVII p 1-58. pp 1-58.
<S18>Designation: DCMS. [?]-2016. Scheduled Monument Consent. SAM Consent. DNF433.
<S19>Unpublished Document: Norfolk County Council. 2007-2008. Section 17 Management Agreement.
<S20>Unpublished Contractor Report: Hobbs, B. 2008. An Archaeological Watching Brief on land near Woodcock Hall, Saham Toney, Norfolk. NAU Archaeology. 1533.
<S21>Unpublished Document: Norfolk County Council. 2009-2010. Norfolk Monuments Management Project Section 17 agreement.
<S22>Unpublished Contractor Report: Ratcliff, M. 2008. An Archaeological Evaluation at Watton Sewage Treatment Works, Little Cressingham, Norfolk. NAU Archaeology. 1950.
<S23>Article in Serial: Gurney, D & Hoggett, R. 2009. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2008. Norfolk Archaeology. XLV Part IV pp 570-578. p 573.
<S24>Illustration: Milligan, W. F. 1971. Drawings of Roman, ?medieval and undated objects including copper alloy brooches, bracelet fragments, buckle and ?purse pendant loop and bone pin. Card. 1:1.
<S25>Illustration: White, S.. 1988. Drawing of an unusual Roman copper alloy double-headed brooch. Film. 2:1.
<S26>Illustration: Rogerson, A. 1999. Sketch of a Bronze Age copper alloy spearhead fragment. Film. 1:1.
<S27>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2002. Drawing of an Roman or Late Saxon unidentified cast copper alloy object. Card. 2:1.
<S28>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2002. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age copper alloy flesh hook. Card. 2:1.
<S29>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2002. Drawing of a Bronze Age copper alloy awl. Card. 2:1.
<S30>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2002. Drawing of an Iron Age/Roman copper alloy terret. Card. 2:1.
<S31>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2001. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy cosmetic mortar fragment. Card. 2:1.
<S32>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2001. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy strap loop. Card. 2:1.
<S33>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2001. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy seal-box lid. Card. 2:1.
<S34>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2002. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy buckle fragment. Card. 2:1.
<S35>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2002. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy bracelet fragment. Card. 2:1.
<S36>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2003. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy strap end. Card. 2:1.
<S37>Illustration: Wreathall, D.. 2003. Drawing of a Late Saxon copper alloy strap end. Card. 2:1.
<S38>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2002. Drawing of a Early Saxon copper alloy small-long brooch. Card. 2:1.
<S39>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2002. Drawing of a Middle Saxon copper alloy pin. Card. 2:1.
<S40>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2003. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy vessel handle. Card. 2:1.
<S41>Illustration: Wreathall, D.. 2003. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy hair pin. Card. 2:1.
<S42>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2002. Drawing of a Middle Saxon copper alloy pin. Card. 2:1.
<S43>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2003. Drawing of a Middle Saxon copper alloy ansate brooch. Card. 2:1.
<S44>Illustration: Wreathall, D. 2003. Drawing of a medieval/post-medieval copper alloy lid pull from ewer. Card. 2:1.
<S45>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2006. Drawing of a Bronze Age copper alloy awl. Film. 1:1.
<S46>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2006. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age copper alloy blade fragment, possibly from a sickle. Film. 1:1.
<S47>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2006. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age copper alloy incomplete spearhead. Film. 1:1.
<S48>Illustration: Gregory, T. 1974. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy deer with a loop on the underside. Card. 1:1.
<S49>Illustration: Gregory, T. [Unknown]. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy brooch. Card. 2:1.
<S50>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2009. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy cooking vessel. Film. 1:1.
<S51>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2009. Drawing of a Roman iron handle from cooking vessel. Film. 1:1.
<S52>Serial: 1974. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1974. No 21. pp 3, 8.
<S53>Serial: 1967. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1967. No 14. p 8.
<S54>Serial: 1972. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1972. No 19. p 9.
<S55>Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 90 SW 15, TF 90 SW 20.
<S56>Illustration: Milligan, W. 1981. Rubbing of a Roman mortaria stamp (REGALIS). Paper. 1:1.
<S57>Illustration: [Unknown]. [Unknown]. Drawing of a medieval copper alloy Limoges-type buckle plate. Paper. 2:1.
<S58>Illustration: Brown, R. A. 1983. Drawing of a medieval copper alloy Limoges-type buckle plate. Paper. 2:1.
<S59>Illustration: Milligan, W. 1971. Drawing of a complete Roman pottery vessel. Card. 1:1.
<S60>Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S61>Illustration: Milligan, W. 1978. Drawing of a medieval copper alloy scabbard or dagger hilt mount decorated with convoluted animals. Card. 1:1.
<S62>Illustration: Brown, R. A. 1973. Outline sketch of an undated iron horseshoe. Paper. 1:1.
<S63>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. 1998. Four Roman Multiple Bow Brooches from Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt I pp 177-179. p 177.
<S64>Illustration: [Unknown]. 1972. Drawings of a possible Roman sandal from Wissey Stream and copper/brass object from Woodcock Hall garden. Paper. Not to scale.
<S65>Illustration: [Unknown]. [Unknown]. Rubbing of a Roman Samian pottery sherd (Form 37 - lion and ducks). Paper. 1:1.
<S66>Illustration: [Unknown]. [Unknown]. Rubbing of a Roman Samian pottery sherd (Form 37 - Hercules and the hydra). Paper. 1:1.
<S67>Illustration: [Unknown]. [Unknown]. Rubbing of a Roman Samian pottery sherd (Form 37 - Hercules and the hydra). Paper. 1:1.
<S68>Illustration: [Unknown]. [Unknown]. Rubbing of a Roman Samian pottery sherd (Form 29). Paper. 1:1.
<S69>Illustration: Gregory, T. 1976. Drawing of an Iron Age copper alloy beaked brooch. Paper. 2:1.
<S70>Illustration: [Unknown]. 1976. Drawing of an Iron Age copper alloy beaked brooch. Paper. 1:1.
<S71>Illustration: Murphy, H. [Unknown]. Drawing of an Iron Age copper alloy beaked brooch. Paper. 2:1.
<S72>Illustration: Gregory, T. 1974. Drawing on an Iron Age copper alloy ring-headed pin. Paper. 2:1.
<S73>Illustration: Brown, R. A. 1976. Drawing of an undated unidentified copper alloy object. Card. 1:1.
<S74>Illustration: Milligan, W. 1972. Annotated photocopy of various copper alloy, lead, flint and antler objects (including tweezers). Paper. 1:1.
<S75>Illustration: Milligan, W. 1972. Annotated photocopy of Iron Age clay coin mould fragments, copper alloy strip with rivets and antler object. Paper. 1:1.
<S76>Illustration: [Unknown]. 1971. Rubbing of a Roman mortaria pottery stamp. Paper. 1:1.

Related records

20035Related to: Roman finger ring (Find Spot)

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