Record Details

NHER Number:41375
Type of record:Monument
Name:Headquarters camp of a USAAF World War Two bomb storage facility

Summary

The site of a World War Two military camp that formed the headquarters of an extensive USAAF bomb storage facility. The camp was located in the northern part of the grounds of Earsham Hall. The bomb stores were positioned in nearby woods and along roadsides in the surrounding area. The camp is visible on 1946 and later aerial photographs.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 3075 9010
Map Sheet:TM39SW
Parish:EARSHAM, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Site of headquarters buildings for the vast Earsham Bomb Store, World War Two, United States Army Air Force.
For full details see NHER 41372, NHER 41373 and NHER 41734
E. Rose (NLA), 21 April 2005.

June 2006. Norfolk NMP
A World War Two military camp at Earsham Hall is visible on aerial photographs (S2-S3). The central grid reference for this site has been amended from TM 3077 9018 to TM 3075 9009. The camp was located in the northern part of the grounds of Earsham Hall and was the headquarters of a large USAAF bomb storage facility that was dispersed over the surrounding area. The whole facility extended for 2km to the north and south of the camp and 1.5km to its west. The site was USAAF station number 545 and was home to the 1916th Ordnance Ammunition Co. (Aviation) and the 2217th Quartermasters Truck Co. (Aviation) of the USAAF (S4). Bombs were unloaded at a special railway siding 2km to the south (NHER 43546) and stored at this facility prior to distribution to USAAF airfields up to 42 miles away (S1). The main bomb stores were located in nearby areas of woodland, with Beech Wood (NHER 41374) to the east of the camp, Sexton Wood (NHER 41372) to the northwest and Park’s Wood (NHER 41373) and America Wood (NHER 43784) to the north. Additional storage areas were located on concrete hardstandings along roadsides to the south (NHER 43547-9), west (NHER 43785) and north (NHER 43780, 43782, 41373). The perimeter of the dispersed facility was protected by sentry posts located on the roads leading into the area (NHER 43550, 43781, 43783, 41373, 43549).

The main part of the camp covered a roughly rectangular area measuring 250m by 150m to the south of Private Road. Curved profile Nissen hut type buildings were present along paths around the perimeter of the camp. A variety of other flat roof and pitched roof buildings were present at the site, although it is not possible to determine their type and function. A large curved profile building, measuring 15m wide by 30m long, was present in the centre of the site at TM 3064 9009. This is similar to a Romney hut but has a greater span and is of unknown type and function. A sewage works was located to the east of the site. The majority of the military buildings at the camp had been demolished by May 1973 (S5).
J. Albone (NMP), 20 June 2006

Monument Types

  • BOMB STORE (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • MILITARY BUILDING (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • MILITARY CAMP (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • MILITARY HEADQUARTERS (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • NISSEN HUT (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

<S1>Article in serial: 1973. Airfields of Norfolk and Suffolk. Norfolk and Suffolk Aviation Museum. Part 1. vol 1, pp 17-18.
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1636 4045-6 09-JUL-1946 (NHER TM 3090A / TM 3190A).
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1429 4065-6 16-APR-1946 (NMR).
<S4>Publication: Anderson, Capt. Barry J.. 1985. Army Air Force Stations.
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1973. OS/73118 17 13-MAY-1973 (NMR).

Related records

41374Parent of: Beech Wood World War Two bomb store (Monument)
43784Parent of: Big Wood / America Wood World War Two bomb store (Monument)
41373Parent of: Park's or Park Wood World War Two bomb store (Monument)
41372Parent of: Sexton Wood World War Two bomb store (Monument)
43550Parent of: Site of a possible World War Two pillbox or sentry post (Monument)
43781Parent of: Site of a World War Two sentry post (Monument)
43783Parent of: Site of a World War Two sentry post (Monument)
43546Parent of: World War Two military railway siding (Monument)
43547Parent of: World War Two roadside bomb store (Monument)
43548Parent of: World War Two roadside bomb store (Monument)
43549Parent of: World War Two roadside bomb store (Monument)
43780Parent of: World War Two roadside bomb store (Monument)
43782Parent of: World War Two roadside bomb store (Monument)
43785Parent of: World War Two roadside bomb store (Monument)

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