Record Details

NHER Number:41273
Type of record:Monument
Name:Neolithic/Bronze Age occupation debris and pit clusters, Coxford Abbey quarry

Summary

Clusters of Neolithic pits, Neolithic pottery and worked flints were found during an evaluation and excavation carried out by Archaeological Solutions in 2005. Further excavation work prior to mineral extraction revealed Late Neolithic or Bronze Age occupation debris comprising pit clusters and a ditch containing worked flints and pottery.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 83055 30190
Map Sheet:TF83SW
Parish:EAST RUDHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

This site is one of three adjacent fields that were subject to multiple phases of archaeological work between 2005 and 2012, in advance of aggregate extraction. See NHER 51024 for details of work undertaken at the northern end of the field to the east (evaluation/excavation Phase 2) and see NHER 51025 for information on work undertaken in the larger field to the north (evaluation/excavation Phases 3-6).

March 2005. Systematic Fieldwalking and Metal-detecting Survey.
Field survey of proposed aggregate extraction area (Phase 1A).
Three prehistoric struck flints were recorded. Scatters of post-medieval and modern tile fragments were apparent across the site.
See report (S1) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S2).
A. Cattermole (NLA), 24 May 2007. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 14 July 2015.

April-May 2005. Strip Map and Sample Excavation.
Excavation of area stripped prior to aggregate extraction (Phase 1A). Contexts 2000 to 2082.
Revealed eight Neolithic pit clusters, which produced large assemblages of Early Neolithic pottery, including Mildenhall Ware, and worked flint, including three flint axes and a broken flint sickle.
See report (S3) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S4).
A. Cattermole (NLA) 24 May 2007. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 14 July 2015.

November 2005. Systematic Fieldwalking and Metal-detecting Survey.
Field survey of proposed aggregate extraction area (Phase 1B).
Five prehistoric struck flints were recovered, including one flake which may have been utilised as a scraper. An undated piece of slag was also recorded.
See report (S5) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S4).
A. Cattermole (NLA), 24 May 2007. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 14 July 2015.

November 2005. Strip Map and Sample Excavation.
Excavation of area stripped prior to aggregate extraction (Phase 1B). Contexts 2083-2130.
Revealed clusters of Late Neolithic or Bronze Age features comprising pits, post holes, an occupation layer and a ditch, thought to represent a temporary or periodically reused encampment. Pottery recovered from the features largely consisted of poorly-fired wares but also included two finely-decorated sherds reminiscent of Beaker types. Worked flint mostly comprised flakes and debitage as well as end scrapers and the assemblage appears to date from the late Neolithic or Bronze Age.
See report (S6) for further details.
A. Cattermole (NLA), 24 May 2007.

August 2006. Systematic Fieldwalking and Metal-detecting Survey.
Field Survey within field immediately east (Phase 2) now recorded under NHER 51024.
A. Cattermole (NLA), 24 May 2007. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 14 July 2015.

The results of the archaeological work undertaken at this site are also described in a draft publication report (S7) and an archive report (S8) that detail all phases of work undertaken at Coxford Abbey Quarry between 2005 and late 2007 (evaluation Phases 1-3 and excavation Phases 1, 2 and 3 west/central). See also assessment report (S9).
Final publication awaited.
P. Watkins (HES), 15 July 2015.

Monument Types

  • POST HOLE (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • PIT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • PIT CLUSTER (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • DITCH (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic - 3000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • OCCUPATION SITE (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • PIT (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • PIT CLUSTER (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • POST HOLE (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Iron Age - 800 BC to 401 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early, Roman - 43 AD to 200 AD?)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BURNT FLINT (Unknown date)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • AXEHEAD (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • BLADE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
  • POT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SICKLE (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • BURNT FLINT (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • CORE? (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • END SCRAPER (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Weston, P. 2005. Coxford Abbey Quarry, East Rudham, Norfolk. Phase 1A. An Archaeological Evaluation (Field Survey). Archaeological Solutions. 1776.
<S2>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2006. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2005. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt I pp 124-136. p 126.
<S3>Unpublished Contractor Report: Doyle, K. 2005. Coxford Abbey Quarry, East Rudham, Norfolk. A 'Strip, Map and Sample' Archaeological Excavation. Phase 1A. Archaeological Solutions. 1817.
<S4>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 2007. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2006. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt II pp 261-273. p 263.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: Grassam, A. and Weston, P. 2005. Coxford Abbey Quarry, East Rudham, Norfolk. An Archaeological Evaluation (Field Survey, Phase 1B). Archaeological Solutions. 1922.
<S6>Unpublished Contractor Report: Cameron, I., Weston, P. and Woolhouse, T. 2005. Coxford Abbey Quarry, East Rudham, Norfolk. A 'Strip, Map and Sample' Archaeological Excavation. Phase 1B. Archaeological Solutions. 1950.
<S7>Unpublished Report: Archaeological Solutions Ltd. 2008. Prehistoric occupation at Coxford Abbey Quarry, East Rudham, Norfolk. Publication draft.
<S8>Unpublished Contractor Report: Sparrow, P. and Greene, R. 2008. Coxford Abbey Quarry, East Rudham, Norfolk. Archaeological Excavation Research Archive Report. Archaeological Solutions. 2983.
<S9>Unpublished Contractor Report: Sparrow, P. 2008. Coxford Abbey Quarry, East Rudham, Norfolk. Post Excavation Assessment and Updated Project Design. Archaeological Solutions. 2954.

Related records

51024Related to: Early Neolithic pit groups and Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age features (Monument)
51025Related to: Early Neolithic to Early Roman Activity at Coxford Abbey Quarry, East Rudham (Monument)

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