Record Details

NHER Number:12154
Type of record:Monument
Name:Deserted medieval/post-medieval settlement and World War Two pillbox

Summary

Medieval and post-medieval settlement earthworks and a World War Two pilbox survive at this site. The earthworks include rectangular enclosures (possibly tofts), building platforms and a sinuous drain that corresponds to the edge of Walton Common (as shown on a map from 1826). During World War Two the pillbox was associated with earthworks and gun emplacments, but these do not survive. Metal detecting on site has recovered a Roman coin, a medieval thimble and two post-medieval jettons.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 74 16
Map Sheet:TF71NW
Parish:EAST WALTON, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Pre September 1980. Ordnance Survey air photograph.
Series of earthworks - mostly linear - north of Abbey Farm, East Walton.
These are also reported on St Joseph's air photographs.
J. E. Bown (NAU), 1 October 1980.

See overlays (S1).

1 July 1981. Verbal communication.
Member of the public [1] informed E. Rose (NAU) that these are hand dug drains constructed by him around 1930 and widened by cattle getting into them.

Context 1 at TF 7416 1642.
Pillbox, brick polygonal, grass on roof.
E. Rose (NAU), 1 July 1981.

See record form (S2) in file by source [1], who adds: Type 22C pillbox dating from 1940. Brick faced, grass on roof. Survey No. J2-6.
D. Walker (NLA), July 1996.

1995. Rectilinear and sub rectangular enclosures have been sketch plotted, with some ground verification of form, onto 1:2500 Ordnance Survey map (S3), using Ordnance Survey air photograph enlargement.
Mixture of drains and banks, with some subdivision of rectilinear enclosures. No obvious building platforms. Probable field system, with later drainage features.
B. Cushion (NLA), January 1995.

January to July 2000. Metal detecting.
Roman coin.
Medieval thimble.
Two early post medieval jettons.
See further description in file.
K. Hinds (NLA), 29 August 2000.

December 2000. Scheduled with NHER 30996.
Information from (S4) and (S7).
D. Gurney (NLA), 28 December 2000.

November 2005. Earthworks are from medieval and post medieval settlement between former Walton Common and Church Lane.
Sinuous drain corresponds to line of edge of Walton Common shown on (S5).
Rectangular enclosures aligned east to west, roughly parallel. Some plots sub divided. Raised platforms or low mounds may be the site of buildings, including one that corresponds with a building shown on (S5).
Partially documented in survey of manor belonging to Thomas Baker, 1593 (S6) - survey refers to furlongs, messuages and closes.
During World War Two there were earthworks and gun emplacements to the south and northwest of the pillbox - these are levelled and no longer visible, although they are visible on RAF aerial photographs taken in 1946.
Information from (S4).
D. Robertson (NLA), 9 November 2005.

October-November 2010. Metal-detecting.
Early Saxon small-long brooch.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 9 December 2010.

Monument Types

  • FIELD SYSTEM (Unknown date)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUILDING PLATFORM (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRAIN (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOFT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SITE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PILLBOX (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds

  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SMALL LONG BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. OS AP 130 76 020; OS 76 020 130.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Unpublished Contractor Report: Network Archaeology. 2002. Bacton to Kings Lynn Proposed Gas Pipeline. Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment. Network Archaeology. 179.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>*Overlay: NAU. Aerial photograph overlays.
<S2>Recording Form: [various]. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey Recording Form. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey.
<S3>*Overlay: Cushion, B.. Enclosures transposed from O.S. air photography.
<S4>Designation: English Heritage. 1990-2013. English Heritage Scheduling Notification. Notification. DNF599.
<S5>Map: Bryant, A.. 1826. Bryant's Map of Norfolk.
<S6>Unpublished Document: 1593. Survey of manor owned by Thomas Baker.
<S7>Designation: English Heritage. 1994? -2011?. English Heritage Digital Designation Record. Record. DNF599.

Related records - none

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