Record Details

NHER Number:9743
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Roman to post-medieval finds

Summary

Metal-detecting between 1982 and 2009 recovered medieval and post-medieval pottery sherds; Roman, medieval and post-medieval brick or tile fragments; Roman, Middle Saxon, medieval and post-medieval coins; medieval and post-medieval tokens; post-medieval jettons and Roman and medieval to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include a Roman seal box and brooches; a medieval buckle, stud and vessel foot and a post-medieval candle snuffer. An Early Medieval Coptic bowl was also recovered from this site and it recorded under NHER 61602.

Observation of a water pipe trench recovered fragments of medieval pottery.

The cropmarks of enclosures, fields and ring ditches previously recorded under this number are now under NHER 52181-9 and 52192.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TG20SW
Parish:CAISTOR ST EDMUND, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK
STOKE HOLY CROSS, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

The cropmarks previously recorded under this number are now under NHER 52181-9 and 52192, see below for details.

16 April 1946 and 19 January 1948. RAF and Ordnance Survey air photographs.
Cropmarks on RAF/OS aerial photographs are 18th century field boundaries.
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

1974. NAU aerial photographs.
Show also at least four ring ditches here.
E. Rose (NAU), 1975.

June 1975, June 1976, July 1977, July 1978, July 1980.
Cropmarks of at least three ring ditches, double ditched square enclosure and adjacent linear features. Appears to be of possible ?temple/Gosbecks type plan with adjacent ring ditches.
D. A. Edwards (NAU), 17 February 1981.

1982. Metal detecting. [1].
At southeast boundary of area of cropmarks.
Context 1.
Late medieval copper alloy buckle plate decorated with pecked and incised decoration.
A. K. Gregory (NAU), June 8 1984.

Winter 1985 to 1986. Metal detecting. [2].
Finds in area of cropmarks, west of railway.
Roman copper alloy lozenge shaped seal box, lid missing.
Foot of Langton Down brooch.
Edward III silver penny fragment.
Eleven Roman copper alloy coins, see list in file.
A. Gregory (NAU), 13 April 1987.

August 1988. [3].
French jetton 15th century.
Medieval copper alloy possible stud fragment.
Roman coin, as, illegible 1st to 2nd century.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM) and A. Gregory (NAU).
W. Milligan (NCM), 12 August 1988.

May-August 1992. Fieldwalking and Metal-Detecting Survey and Watching Brief.
Fieldwork carried out along route of Yelverton to East Carleton Gas Pipeline (Survey Blocks 209-210, the former partially within NHER 29030).
Finds recovered during initial survey include:
1 Roman brick/tile fragment.
1 medieval coin, 1 pottery sherd and 7 brick/tile fragments.
1 ?medieval copper alloy vessel foot.
1 post-medieval coin, 5 pottery sherds and 4 brick/tile fragments.
Finds from Field 3030 (to west of Survey Block 210):
1 post-medieval coin and 1 candle snuffer.
No archaeologically significant features or deposits identified during subsequent Watching Brief undertaken during topsoil stripping and excavation of pipe trench.
See report (S4) and site archive for further information. See also file notes for details of finds from Field 3030. The results of this work are also summarised in (S5).
The finds have been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1995.75).
E. Rose (NLA) 1 July 1992.. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 5 March 2015.

Some NAHRG fieldwalking in 1996 for site NHER 9759 may fall within east end of this site - see NHER 9759.

November 1997. Metal detecting.
Over north area of cropmarks.
Twenty Roman coins.
Five medieval coins.
Five post medieval coins.
Seven post medieval tokens.
Four post medieval jettons.
See coin sheets in file.
Identified by J. A. Davies (NCM), November 1997.
K. Sussams (NLA), 13 May 1997.

15 October 1993. NLA air photography (S1).
There appears to be some form of sub circular enclosure showing up as a slight earthwork in the top right hand corner of photographs. To the north of the field boundary that bisects the site, it appears to be slight earthworks, while to the south of the boundary it is less clear and may be a soil mark.
H. Clare (NLA), 21 February 2001.

Before 28 November 2006. Metal detecting.
One Middle Saxon sceatta and one post medieval coin.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 February 2007.

May- June 2009. Metal detecting
1 Roman coin,
See list in file
A. Rogerson, (NLA), 17 July 2009

March 2009. Norfolk NMP.
This number now relates only to finds and the cropmarks previously recorded under this number are now recorded separately. The probable Roman temple or high status enclosure is now under NHER 52186, with possible associated enclosures and/or fields (NHER 52187). A series of possible pre-Roman fields are recorded under NHER 52188 and the series of ring ditches are under NHER 52181-3. Any unphased or undated cropmarks are under NHER 52192.
S. Horlock (NMP), 24 March 2009.

September 2014. Metal-detecting.
Early Medieval Saxon Coptic bowl previously recorded under this number is now recorded under NHER 61602.
A. Beckham (HES), 22 August 2016.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SEAL BOX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STUD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CANDLE HOLDER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TG2203 S-Z,AB-AJ,AM-AV,AZ-ABA,ABR-ABZ,ADR-ADU,ADY-AEA,AEL,AEM.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Post-Medieval. Stoke Holy Cross.
<S1>Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1993. TG2303/APF - APG.
<S2>Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1993. TG 2303APF, APG.
<S3>Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1995. TG2203/AEU - AEX.
<S4>Unpublished Contractor Report: Emery, P. 1992. Watching Brief for the Yelverton to East Carleton Gas Pipeline, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 42.
<S5>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1993. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1992. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLI Pt IV pp 522-532. p 532.

Related records - none

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