Record Details

NHER Number:9549
Type of record:Monument
Name:Bronze Age linear barrow cemetery

Summary

A Bronze Age linear barrow cemetery is evident as surviving earthworks, the results of antiquarian and modern excavations, and as earthworks and cropmarks visible on aerial photographs. The four barrows lie on what was once Eaton Heath; two were levelled in the construction of a school playing ground, preceded by their partial excavation; two still survive as earthworks on Eaton golf course, although records suggest that both of these were subject to antiquarian excavations. The modern excavation of the two westernmost barrows recorded evidence of a coffin and recovered sherds of Beaker pottery; the antiquarian excavations found two urns. Later pottery has also been recovered.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2128 0605
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

Group of 4 barrows (2 remain, scheduled - see (S1)).
Excavated 1831, 1855? And 1969-70.
Beaker/Early Bronze Age construction, Iron Age, medieval and post medieval finds also.
For full details see report in file.
Schedule sheet (S1), press cutting (S2), excavation notes and copy of reference (S3) all in file.
E. Rose (NAU) 24 April 1981.

Section 17 Agreement signed 21 July 2003.
Copy in office file.
H. Paterson (A&E) 26 August 2003.

September 2004. Visit.
All brambles and scrub cut. Good grass cover established with a few bare patches where scrub removed. These will be re-seeded and grass cut regularly according to Head Green Keeper. A few daffodils have been planted.
H. Paterson (A&E) 13 September 2004.

Originally recorded in the parish of Eaton, now part of Norwich.

October 2008.
Section 17 agreement signed, backdated to 21 July 2008.
See (S4).
D. Robertson (NLA), 23 December 2008.

June 2010. Norfolk NMP.
The Bronze Age barrows described above are now recorded individually as NHER 53268-71 (formerly contexts 1 to 4 respectively). This record is now for the cemetery as a whole.
The four barrows are visible variously as earthworks and cropmarks on aerial photographs (S5)-(S12). They form a clear linear alignment, orientated almost east-west, extending between TG 2148 0607 and TG 2107 0601. They all share the same approximate size and shape, any apparent variation probably being as much to do with their varying survival as their original form. The diameter of the barrows, as mapped by the NMP, ranges between 32.5m and 42m.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 23 June 2010.

Monument Types

  • BARROW CEMETERY (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • ROUND BARROW (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)

Associated Finds

  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • COFFIN (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • COFFIN (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Article in Serial: Clarke, W. G. 1913. Norfolk Barrows. The Antiquary. Vol XLIX pp 416-423. pp 420-421.
---Article in Serial: Wainwright, G. 1973. The Excavation of Prehistoric and Romano-British Settlements on Eaton Heath, Norwich. The Archaeological Journal. Vol CXXX pp 1-43. pp 5-6; Pl 1.
---Unpublished Document: H. Paterson (A&E), MPP. Section 17 Management Agreement.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 20 NW 152 [4].
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Article in Monograph: Healy, F. 1986. The Excavation of Two Early Bronze Age Round Barrows on Eaton Heath, Norwich, 1969-1970. Barrow Excavations in Norfolk, 1950-82. East Anglian Archaeology. Lawson, A. J. et al.. No 29 pp 50-58.
---Unpublished Document: Tidder, J.. 1970. Eaton Barrows: draft report written shortly after 1970 excavation..
---Article in Serial: [unknown]. Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' Society. Vol II [p 571]. p 571.
---Article in Serial: Woodward, S. 1831. A descriptive Outline of the Roman remains in Norfolk, by Samuel Woodward, Esq., in a Letter to Hudson Gurney, esq. V.P., F.R.S., accompanied by a Map of the County. Archaeologia. Vol XXIII pp 358-373. pp 370-372.
---Monograph: Woodward, S. 1847. History and Antiquities of Norwich Castle. Map 1.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Eaton.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: BVB14-15, BBA 6-12 (Woodward drawings).
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Designation: [unknown]. Ancient Monuments Form. SAM Record. DNF401.
<S2>Newspaper Article: Eastern Evening News. 1980. Bronze Age coffin found at Eaton. 28 August.
<S3>Serial: Woodward, S.. Woodward Correspondance.. Vol II, p 90.
<S4>Unpublished Document: Norfolk County Council. 2008-2009. Section 17 Management Agreement.
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1945. RAF 106G/UK/772 6009-10 06-SEP-1945 (NMR).
<S6>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1945. RAF 106G/UK/772 6069-70 06-SEP-1945 (NMR).
<S7>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1947. RAF CPE/UK/2003 5110-2 14-APR-1947 (NMR).
<S8>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1951. RAF 58/725 (Vp2) 5010-12 21-JUN-1951 (NMR).
<S9>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1953. RAF 82/759 305-6 09-APR-1953 (NMR).
<S10>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1953. RAF 82/759 324-5 09-APR-1953 (NMR).
<S11>Oblique Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. 1959. NHER TG 2106A-D (CUCAP ZP85-8) 04-JUL-1959.
<S12>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Meridian Airmaps Limited. 1961. MAL 61500 95833-4 30-AUG-1961 (NMR).

Related records

53268Parent of: Bronze Age round barrow (Monument)
53269Parent of: Bronze Age round barrow, part of linear cemetery NHER 9549 (Monument)
53270Parent of: Bronze Age round barrow, part of linear cemetery NHER 9549 (Monument)
53271Parent of: Bronze Age round barrow, part of linear cemetery NHER 9549 (Monument)

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