Record Details

NHER Number:8918
Type of record:Monument
Name:Moated site of Old Hall, Wodehouse Tower

Summary

Wodehouse Tower was built in the late 16th century on the site of the medieval manor house of the Wodehouse family. The moated hall was built around a courtyard and had polygonal towers and decorative terracotta panels, and the foundations of part of the hall are still upstanding. Elizabeth I was entertained at the hall in 1578, and the hall was demolished in the mid 17th century. The moated site is surrounded by the complex earthworks of a late medieval to early post medieval garden. These earthworks include a series of small rectangular compartments that were probably part of a formal garden, with walks and garden buildings. There is also the remains of a large formal water garden, with several ponds surrounded by terraced walks. This is a rare and important survival of a late medieval high-status garden, which has survived because of the lack of later development on the site.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 0777 0404
Map Sheet:TG00SE
Parish:KIMBERLEY, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Site of; (second Kimberley Hall) about 1400.
Large rectangular moat, deep and wide ditches, not waterfilled but very boggy.
South end island overgrown, medieval brick wall around inner edge on south, southeast and southwest, paralleled by walls of a building with brick jambs of door. There was supposed to be a keep and chapel; whole was demolished in 1659, but a corner tower remained until early 20th century. North end island under hard tennis courts. Causeway to north modern? Some earthworks outside to north, others to southwest, but on southeast extensive and large, with two rectangular embanked areas, banks about 1.5m high, between moat and The Clump; many humps and bumps, some of great size; hollow ways run southeast and northaest for a considerable distance.
E. Rose (NAU), 7 December 1978.

Only moated area is scheduled.
E. Rose (NAU).

Ancient Monuments description in file.

Dr. R. Wilson (CEAS) says not all demolished 1659, some still standing about 1750 when dismantled and used to extend present hall (NHER 8919).
E. Rose (NAU), 29 May 1987.

1996. Surface find at TG 0784 0416 within earthwork.
Late medieval/early post medieval bung hole sherd.
W. Milligan (NCM), 21 October 1996.

1998.
Earthwork survey of moated site and surrounding earthworks and report in file suggests as remains of water garden of hall, of extreme importance.
See (S2) and (S3).
See also (S7).
B. Cushion (NLA), 21 April 1998.

April 2002.
Survey undertaken by NAU of Wodehouse Tower.
See (S4).
See also (S6).
J. Allen (NLA), 30 May 2002.

March 2003.
Scheduled area revised.
See scheduling document for full details.
M. Horlock (NLA), 26 August 2003.

May 2005.
Old tennis court hard surface still remaining. Possible removal with a geophysical survey to follow. English Heritage to be contacted.
H. Paterson (A&E), 6 September 2005.

Wodehouse Tower was built in the late 16th century on the site of the medieval manor house of the Wodehouse family. The moated hall was built around a courtyard and had polygonal towers and decorative terracotta panels, and the foundations of part of the hall are still upstanding. Elizabeth I was entertained at the hall in 1578, and the hall was demolished in the mid 17th century. The moated site is surrounded by the complex earthworks of a late medieval to early post medieval garden. These earthworks include a series of small rectangular compartments that were probably part of a formal garden, with walks and garden buildings. There is also the remains of a large formal water garden, with several ponds surrounded by terraced walks. This is a rare and important survival of a late medieval high-status garden, which has survived because of the lack of later development on the site.
See (S1) to (S4) for more details.
S. Spooner (NLA), 18 April 2006.

April 2007.
Section 17 management agreement signed 4 April 2007.
See (S5).
D. Robertson (NLA), 17 April 2007.

September 2012. Norfolk NMP.
The vast majority of the complex earthworks that are visible on aerial photographs (S8-S17) have not been mapped as the site has already been extensively recorded by earthwork survey (S2). A single additional element, a large ditch, has been added at the north-east end of site, centred on TG 0801 0426, and the Monument polygon has been amended accordingly.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 27 September 2012.

Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FISHPOND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • GARDEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • GARDEN BUILDING (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • GREAT HOUSE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MANOR HOUSE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOUND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WATER GARDEN (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WATERCOURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • GARDEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • Listed Building
  • Management Statement

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TG0703A-E, TG0704A-G.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A.. 1995. TG0704/AB - AH,AJ - AL.
---Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 00 SE 1.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Kimberley.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Scheduling record: English Heritage. Scheduling Report.
<S2>Unpublished document: Cushion, B.. 1998. Earthwork Survey.
<S3>Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A.. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 104. p 215.
<S4>Unpublished document: Percival, J.. 2002. NAU Report No. 695. Report on a Survey of the Wodehouse Tower (Kimberley Old Hall), Park Farm, Kimberley..
<S5>Unpublished document: Norfolk County Council. 2007. Section 17 Management Agreement.
<S6>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2003. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2002. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt II pp 368-384. p 374.
<S7>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1999. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1998. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt II pp 369-387. p 376.
<S8>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 3G/TUD/UK/52 5243-4 31-JAN-1946 (NMR).
<S9>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 2135-6 09-JUL-1946 (NMR).
<S10>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1955. RAF 58/1896 (F22) 0027-8 10-OCT-1955 (NMR).
<S11>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1964. RAF 58/6209 (F22) 0021-3 11-MAR-1964 (NMR).
<S12>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D. A. (NLA). 1977. NHER TG 0703A (NLA 39/AHF12) 01-JUN-1977.
<S13>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D. A. (NLA). 1979. NHER TG 0704F-G (NLA 189/1-2 11-JUL-1979.
<S14>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D. A. (NLA). 1981. NHER TG 0704C-E (NLA 117/ARH6-8) 17-AUG-1981.
<S15>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D. A. (NLA). 1984. NHER TG 0704H-P (NLA 138/ATU6-13) 05-FEB-1984.
<S16>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D. A. (NLA). 1995. NHER TG 0703D (NLA 347/HEJ4) 02-FEB-1995.
<S17>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D. A. (NLA). 1995. NHER TG 0704AB-AL (NLA 347/HEJ3-HEK2) 02-FEB-1995.

Related records

30466Part of: Kimberley Park (Monument)
57449Related to: Remnants of field systems, trackways and possible enclosures, of probable medieval to post medieval date, within Kimberley Park (Monument)

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