Record Details

NHER Number:30754
Type of record:Monument
Name:Early Saxon cemetery and Roman to Early Medieval settlement, multi-period findspot.

Summary

Extensive metal-detecting at this site between 1994 and 2012 has recovered prehistoric flint flakes and a range of metal objects dating from the Iron Age to the post-medieval period. Highlights include a Roman nail cleaner or ear scoop, Early Saxon brooches, a Late Saxon disc brooch and a 12th century horse harness pendant. The whole assemblage is part of a larger Roman to Late Saxon settlement, and Early Saxon cemetery complex encompassing NHER 3565, NHER 11743, NHER11816, NHER 25765, NHER 30690 and NHER 31073.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF72SW
Parish:CONGHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

July 1994. Metal detecting. [1]
Undated key or latch lifter (S3).
Roman coins.
Early Saxon metalwork.
Medieval and post-medieval metalwork and coins.
See full details in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 23 August 1994.

November 1994. Metal detecting.
Two Roman, eight medieval coins, one medieval jetton.
See lists with grid references in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 9 January 1995.

November/December 1994 and January 1995. Metal detecting.
Roman coin and brooch.
Early Saxon brooch and girdlehanger.
Middle Saxon brooch.
Late Saxon and medieval metalwork.
Roman and post medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 6 March 1995.

March 1995.
Medieval coins.
Roman and Early Saxon brooches, medieval metalwork.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 28 April 1995.

February 1997. Metal detecting.
Roman, Late Saxon and medieval brooches.
Two Roman and one medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 8 April 1997.

March 1997. Metal detecting.
Roman and medieval coins.
Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 2 May 1997.

October-November 1999. Metal detecting.
Three medieval coins.
Iron Age/Roman brooch.
Roman, medieval, post medieval and undatable metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 November 1999.

December 1999/January 2000. Metal detecting.
Three Roman, two medieval and one post medieval coins.
Roman, Early Saxon (S4), Late Saxon, medieval, post medieval and undated metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 February 2000.

Probably Post 1996. Metal detecting.
Two post medieval metal objects (KLM Accession Nos: 16.989.1 and 16.989.2). [2]
See (S1) and (S2) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 April 2000.

January 2001. Metal detecting.
From area centred [3].
Medieval coin.
Post medieval jetton.
Late Saxon lead 'model' for strap end, (S5).
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 March 2001.

October 2001. Metal detecting.
Two medieval coins.
Medieval (S6) and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 December 2001.

February 2003. Metal detecting.
Early Saxon brooch.
See description in file with national grid reference.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 April 2003.

20 & 21 October 2004. Metal detecting.
Three Roman coins.
Medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 December 2004.

Before 4 April 2005. Metal detecting.
Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon (S7), medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 June 2005.

Before 4 July 2005. Metal detecting.
One Middle Saxon, four medieval and four post medieval coins.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 15 September 2005.

Before 24 October 2005. Metal detecting.
Late Saxon bridle, medieval buckle and medieval or post medieval book mount.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 24 January 2006.

9 December 2006. Metal detecting.
Early Saxon brooch.
Medieval and post medieval metal objects.
2 medieval coins.
Post medieval jetton.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 January 2007.

December 2006 to January 2007. Metal detecting.
1 Roman coin.
Medieval, post medieval and undatable metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 January 2007.

Before 30 April 2007. Metal detecting.
Prehistoric worked flints, one Roman and one post medieval coin.
Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon (S8), medieval, post medieval and undatable metal objects and Late Saxon sherds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 July 2007.

Before 14 November 2008. Metal detecting.
Late Bronze Age awl (S9), Iron Age/Roman brooch, Roman finger ring, Early Saxon brooch, wrist clasp, Middle Saxon strap end, Late Saxon pendant, medieval buckle, finger ring, mirror, key, lamp/censer, dagger and post-medieval buckle, eight medieval coins and one jetton.
See lists in file
A. Rogerson (NLA) 1 May 2009

Before 14 February 2011. Metal-detecting.
Six Roman, one medieval and one post-medieval coin, Roman, Early Saxon, Late Saxon and medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 29 June 2012.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT? (Roman to 13th Century - 43 AD to 1300 AD)
  • CEMETERY? (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • KEY (LOCKING) (Undated)
  • LATCHLIFTER (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • NAIL (Undated)
  • RING (Undated)
  • STAPLE (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • CORE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • AWL (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • BROOCH (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 65 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NEEDLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SEAL BOX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TOILET ARTICLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 313 AD to 315 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 332 AD to 332 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • ANNULAR BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • VESSEL (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP END (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 730 AD to 850 AD)
  • BRIDLE BIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • CEREMONIAL OBJECT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • MINIATURE OBJECT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • MOULD (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PENDANT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STIRRUP (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • VESSEL (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • AMPULLA (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BELL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CENSER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DAGGER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DOOR FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • LAMP (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MIRROR CASE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SIEVE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • RIVET (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (13th Century to 15th Century - 1270 AD to 1450 AD)
  • RIVET (13th Century to 17th Century - 1300 AD to 1700 AD)
  • STRAP END (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP END (13th Century to 15th Century - 1300 AD to 1450 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (14th Century to 15th Century - 1350 AD to 1450 AD)
  • KNIFE (14th Century to 15th Century - 1400 AD to 1500 AD)
  • THIMBLE (15th Century to 16th Century - 1500 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FERRULE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PENDANT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PENDANT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (16th Century to 17th Century - 1550 AD to 1650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (16th Century to 17th Century - 1575 AD to 1700 AD)
  • BUCKLE (17th Century to 18th Century - 1660 AD to 1720 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Monograph: Ashley, S. 2002. Medieval Armorial Horse Furniture in Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 101.
---Unpublished Document: 2000. Treasure Report.. p 28.
---Article in Monograph: Rogerson, A.. 2003. Six Middle Anglo-Saxon Sites in West Norfolk.. Markets in Early Medieval Europe: Trading and ' Productive' Sites, 650-850. Pestell, T. & Ulmschneider, K. (ed.).
---Photograph: 1995. LCX 33-34, Medieval Henry I cut penny..
---Photograph: 1995. LCX 35-36, Medieval Henry II cut penny..
---Photograph: 1995. LCX 25-26, Early saxon cruciform brooch foot..
---Photograph: 1995. LDD 23, Early Saxon cruciform brooch..
---Photograph: 1995. LDD 24, Girdle hanger..
---Photograph: 1995. LDD 25, Middle Saxon disc brooch..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: 1994. LEB 7-10, Early Saxon disc brooch..
---Photograph: 2003. LFW 20, Early Saxon brooch fragment..
<S1>Record Card: Kings Lynn Museum Staff. 1974 - ?. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card – King’s Lynn Museum.
<S2>Map: Finder's Map..
<S3>Illustration: Rogerson, A. 1994. Drawing of an undatable object possible key/latch.. Film. 1:1.
<S4>Illustration: Holness, A.. 2000. Drawing of the terminal lobe from an Early Saxon silver gilded brooch.. Film. 2:1.
<S5>Illustration: Dobson, D.. 2001. Drawing of a Late Saxon lead trial-piece.. Film. 2:1.
<S6>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 2001. Drawing of a medieval horse harness pendant.. Film. 2:1.
<S7>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2005. Drawing of a Late Saxon harness fitting/cheek-piece.. Film. 2:1.
<S8>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2007. Drawing of a Late Saxon incomplete buckle.. Film. 2:1.
<S9>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2009. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age awl.. Film. 1:1.

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20707Parent of: Medieval coin (Find Spot)
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20705Parent of: Medieval halfpenny (Find Spot)
20708Parent of: Medieval strap end or chape (Find Spot)
20706Parent of: Post medieval coin (Find Spot)
20974Parent of: Roman coins and 15th century crucifix (Find Spot)
20723Parent of: Roman horse harness (Find Spot)
20976Parent of: Unidentified medieval object (Find Spot)
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