Record Details

NHER Number:30690
Type of record:Monument
Name:Bronze Age to Late Iron Age activity, Early Saxon cemetery and a Roman to Early Medieval settlement

Summary

Metal-detecting at this site between 1994 and 2014 has recovered Iron Age to post-medieval pottery sherds; Iron Age, Roman and medieval to post-medieval coins; medieval and post-medieval jettons and tokens and Bronze Age to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include a Bronze Age socketed axe and awl; an Iron Age brooch; Roman brooches, a hair pin, hammer, nail cleaner, snake bracelet fragment and unusual furniture fitting; Early Saxon personal ornaments, dress accessories, tweezers and parts of a bucket; an Early/Middle Saxon buckle; Late Saxon bridle bit, buckle and stirrup-strap mount; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories; a medieval ampulla, coin weight, thimble, pilgrim badge and a spoon; medieval/post-medieval weight and an unidentified object and post-medieval book clasps, weights, part of a spur and a cauldron fragment.
The whole assemblage is indicative of Late Iron Age activity, a Roman to Early Medieval settlement and an Early Saxon cemetery complex over a wide area including NHER 3565, NHER 11743, NHER11816, NHER 25765, NHER 30754, and NHER 31073.

Images

  • Early Saxon brooch from NHER 30690  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon brooch from NHER 30690  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon brooch from NHER 30690  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon buckle from NHER 30690  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon sleeve clasp from NHER 30690  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British furniture fitting from NHER 30690  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon stirrup from NHER 30690  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF72SW
Parish:CONGHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1994. Metal detecting. [1]
Two Roman coins, two medieval coins, two post- medieval tokens. See lists in file.
Square medieval belt mount, repousse dots, central hole, 21x21mm, nicked edges.
13th century buckle with roller on pin rest. Four rivets in place.
2-piece tongue-shaped medieval strap end, two rivets.
Tiny medieval gilded buckle/brooch pin, with transverse moulding near loop.
Fleur-de-lis shaped cast object ending in tab with heavy iron staining. ?End cap for knife. Medieval.
Part of ?annular brooch with triangular stamps. Early Saxon. Distorted into overlapping ring with slanting sides. See (S1).
Medieval/early post medieval mount/belt fitting. Two spikes on reverse.
?Mount or belt fitting, cut down from brooch. Lug on reverse. ?Early Saxon. See (S1).
Part molten silver fragment with style 1 decoration, possible brooch bow fragment. See (S1) and (S5). See British Museum letter in file.
Early Saxon wrist clasp edge place. Hines B20. See (S1).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 24 June 1994.

Late October 1994. Metal detecting finds.
Iron Age coins.
Roman brooches, vessel, hammer, pin.
Early Saxon brooches, girdle hanger.
Late Saxon mount.
Post medieval book clasp.
See list in file, with grid references for each find.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 5 December 1994.

August 1995. Metal detecting.
Medieval pendant and buckle.
Molten bronze.
See list with grid references in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 2 October 1995.

March 1996. Metal detecting finds.
Roman, medieval, post medieval coins and tokens.
Roman brooch.
Early Saxon brooch and strap end.
Medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file with find references.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 3 May 1996.

April 1996. Metal detecting.
Roman and medieval coins.
Medieval and post medieval tokens.
Iron Age brooch.
Roman, Early Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal finds.
Early Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval sherds.
See lists in file with grid references.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 27 May 1996.

May 1996. Metal detecting.
Iron Age, Roman, medieval and post medieval coins.
Medieval and post medieval jettons.
Late Bronze Age (S2), Roman, Early Saxon (S3), Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal finds.
?Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval sherds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 26 June 1996.

June 1996. Metal detecting.
Roman, medieval coins.
Post medieval jetton.
Roman brooches.
Early Saxon brooch.
Post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file with grid refs.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 5 August 1996.

July 1996. Metal detecting.
Roman and medieval coins.
Early Saxon brooch, wrist clasp, bucket mount, girdle hanger.
Late Saxon mount.
Medieval and post medieval metalwork.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 30 August 1996.

Late Saxon mount found late October 1994 is part of a bridle cheek piece and is very similar to one from NHER 28632 Tibenham found before 10 March 2003.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 15 May 2003.

9-10 October 2003. Metal detecting.
Medieval, post medieval and undatable metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 November 2003.

24 January 2006. Metal detecting.
Two Roman coins, two post medieval jettons.
Early Saxon and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 March 2006.

20 February 2006. Metal detecting.
Two medieval coins.
Iron Age, Early Saxon and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 April 2006.

December 2011-January 2012. Metal-detecting.
Roman hair pin.
See description in file.
S. Ashley (HES), 30 January 2012.

January-February 2014. Metal-detecting. [3].
4 Roman coins, brooches, a nail cleaner, copper alloy bead, snake bracelet fragment and an unusual furniture fitting.
Early Saxon brooches and a sleeve clasp.
Early/Middle Saxon buckle.
Late Saxon/medieval stirrup-strap mount.
1 medieval coin, buckles, a mount, strap-end, weight and strap loop.
Medieval/post-medieval buckle, button, weight and unidentified lead object.
1 post-medieval coin, buckles, a bell, book clasp and harness mount.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 3 March 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT? (Roman to 13th Century - 43 AD to 1300 AD)
  • CEMETERY? (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • AWL (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • SOCKETED AXEHEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 55 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 65 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 65 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HAIR PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HAMMER (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL CLEANER (Roman - 43 AD to 200 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 150 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 348 AD to 350 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 367 AD to 375 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKET (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PENDANT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • RING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 420 AD to 500 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 480 AD to 530 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 500 AD to 540 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 500 AD to 540 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 500 AD to 675 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BOX (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BRIDLE BIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STIRRUP (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STIRRUP (Late Saxon to Medieval - 1000 AD to 1100 AD)
  • AMPULLA (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUTTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PILGRIM BADGE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPOON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (12th Century - 1158 AD to 1161 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • MOUNT (13th Century to 15th Century - 1270 AD to 1450 AD)
  • BUCKLE (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP END (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • WEIGHT (13th Century to 15th Century - 1300 AD to 1500 AD)
  • WEIGHT (13th Century to 16th Century - 1300 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (14th Century to 15th Century - 1350 AD to 1450 AD)
  • BUCKLE (14th Century to 16th Century - 1400 AD to 1600 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (14th Century to 17th Century - 1400 AD to 1700 AD)
  • BUTTON (15th Century to 17th Century - 1500 AD to 1700 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BROOCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BELL (16th Century to 18th Century - 1550 AD to 1800 AD)
  • BUCKLE (16th Century to 17th Century - 1575 AD to 1700 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (16th Century to 17th Century - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century - 1625 AD to 1634 AD)
  • BUCKLE (17th Century to 18th Century - 1660 AD to 1720 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: JHV 8, 9, Early Saxon sherd..
---Photograph: 1994. LDN 3-10, Romano British bronze hammer head..
---Photograph: 1994. LDN 21-24 Romano British pin..
---Photograph: 1994. LDQ 1-6, Iron Age coins..
---Photograph: 1994. LDQ 7-10, Saxon mount..
---Photograph: 1994. LDQ 11-12, Early Saxon girdle hanger..
---Photograph: 1994. LDR 21-22, Early Saxon cruciform brooch knob..
---Photograph: 1994. LDR 23-26, Early Saxon cruciform brooches..
---Photograph: 1994. LDR 27-35 Iron Age coins..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: 1994. LEC 21-22, Early Saxon silver object..
---Photograph: 1994. LEC 26-27, Brooch..
---Photograph: 1994. LEC 37-38, Annular fragment..
---Photograph: 1994. LEE 12-13, Early Saxon wrist clasp..
<S1>Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
<S2>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1996. Drawing of 2 Bronze Age awls and a fragment of a Late Bronze Age socketed axe.. Film. 1:1.
<S3>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1996. Drawing of an Early Saxon radiate brooch fragment.. Film. 2:1.
<S4>Illustration: Ashley, S.. Unknown. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age socketed axe handle.. Film. 1:1.
<S5>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1996. Drawing of an Early Saxon brooch bow fragment.. Film. 1:1.

Related records

20893Parent of: 18th century seal (Find Spot)
30652Parent of: Early Saxon cremations (Find Spot)
22006Parent of: Roman brooch (Find Spot)
30651Parent of: Roman to post medieval metal finds (Find Spot)
23304Parent of: Roman, Early Saxon and medieval finds (Find Spot)

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2019 Norfolk Historic Environment Service