Record Details

NHER Number:30527
Type of record:Monument
Name:Wallington Park

Summary

There is a local legend that Sir Francis Gawdy removed the village and church of now deserted Wallington (NHER 2421) in order to construct this park, though it is unlikely to be true. The first source to show a park on this site is a map of 1797. The park was extended before 1820 with a series of lawns and pasture divisions, through which ran a serpentine drive, and a ruined church used as landscape feature. The ponds were in existence by the
19th century, and were extended in the 20th century when most of the trees were also removed. Now the park has returned to grass and tree replanting begun. A lodge was built by Donthorne around 1853, and there is a sunken walled garden of 16th to 17th century origin which has been much rebuilt since, as well as the remains of a 19th century walled kitchen garden.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 628 075
Map Sheet:TF60NW
Parish:RUNCTON HOLME, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK
STOW BARDOLPH, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Historic Parkland on (S1), but not included in (S2).
Wallington Hall (NHER 2425) is a sixteenth century house, extensively altered in the eighteenth century. Within the park and 150 metres to the north-west of the hall lies the ruined parish church of St Margaret’s (NHER 50899). Sir Francis Gawdy is supposed to have depopulated the village of Wallington (NHER 2421) to create the park, and although the earthworks of the village were visible until recently, there is no documentary evidence that Sir Francis Gawdy created the park or depopulated the village to do so. None of the maps before (S3) show a deer park at Wallington. (S3) suggests that there was a small park of about 20 hectares to the south and south east of the hall in 1797. (S4) suggests that the park had been extended to the north through which ran a serpentine drive. In 1820 the park covered about 82 acres but was ringed by a further 90 acres of pasture containing a large number of trees, apparently planted in an aesthetic manner. The ruined church was used as a landscape feature.
An ice house is indicated 200 metres to the north east of the house on (S5). The kitchen garden covered nearly three acres, of which an acre was enclosed by a brick wall. Both (S4) and (S5) show a sunken enclosed area to the south of the hall in which the brickwork of the walls is varied and difficult to date although some of it possibly dates from the sixteenth century with substantial later alterations. Lodge by Donthorne around 1853.
(S6) suggests that the core of the park covered the same area as in 1840, but the fields had lost some of their free-standing timber and much of their park-like appearance. Ponds were in existence by the 19th century, but extended in the 20th century. During the twentieth century most of the park was ploughed, during which the ice house and village earthworks were destroyed.
In the area south of the main drive there are one or two slight earthworks, which are probably old field boundaries. The drive itself lies in a Holloway perhaps indicating it originated as a lane, which was then incorporated into the parkland when it was created. There are few trees of great antiquity at Wallington, an exception being the sycamore near the church which has a girth of 7 metres.
E. Rose (NLA) 23 March 1994.
Updated by E. Nicholl (UEA), 15 November 2011.

Monument Types

  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WALLED GARDEN (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1500 AD to 1699 AD)
  • ICEHOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • LANDSCAPE PARK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD? to 1900 AD)
  • KITCHEN GARDEN (Post Medieval to Modern - 1800 AD to 2050 AD)
  • POND (Post Medieval to Modern - 1800 AD? to 2050 AD)
  • LODGE (Post Medieval to Modern - 1853 AD to 2050 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

<S1>Unpublished document: Norfolk County Council. Inventory of Historic Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Norfolk..
<S2>Publication: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission. Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.
<S3>Publication: Faden, W. and Barringer, J. C. 1989. Faden's Map of Norfolk in 1797.
<S4>Map: NRO. 1820. Wallington Estate Map (1820).
<S5>Map: Wiggins, John.. 1840. Wallington tithe map..
<S6>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1906 to 1907. Ordnance Survey 2nd edition 6 inch map.

Related records

13368Parent of: Cropmarks of linear features along with multi period finds, Wallington Park (Monument)
37303Parent of: Medieval crucifix figurine (Find Spot)
2415Parent of: Site of St Thomas' Church, Thorpeland (Monument)
2421Parent of: Wallington deserted medieval village (Monument)
2426Related to: Site of post medieval icehouse (Monument)
2425Related to: Wallington Hall (Building)

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