Record Details

NHER Number:1006
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman industrial suburb

Summary

An industrial suburb outside of a defended Roman town (NHER 1124), consisting of a large number of pottery kilns built alongside a Roman road. These kilns were used to mass-produce kitchen goods for local markets and further afield throughout the Roman period. Production at the site reached its peak in the 2nd century. The site also includes an Early Saxon sunken featured building.

Metal detecting between 1999 and 2011 has recovered Roman, Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval coins including a silver penny of Cnut; Roman and medieval pottery and Bronze Age, Roman, Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects including Roman dolphin brooches, medieval buckles and a rotary key, a medieval/post-medieval leg and foot of a copper alloy vessel and post-medieval crotal bells.

Images

  • A hypocaust underneath a bath house in Brampton Roman town during excavation  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:TG 22 23
Map Sheet:TG22SW
Parish:BRAMPTON, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

1941.
Roman material, including several complete kiln wasters, ploughed up indicating the site of a kiln.

13 May 1948.
Roman sherds found.

1954.
Excavation of kiln, and Roman metalwork finds including coins, a copper alloy terret, and Roman pottery, as well as a copper alloy figure of a deer head with antlers.

1966 to 1968.
Excavation of six kilns and finds of Roman metalwork.

1970.
Neolithic axe found.

1971.
Neolithic stone axe found.

1973 to 1974.
Excavation of Roman kilns and building.

1975.
Excavation of Beaker pit, Beaker, possible Iron Age, and Roman pottery, and some prehistoric flints.

1978.
Pipe trench revealed Early Saxon hut.
Roman pottery and metalwork also found.

1980.
Traces of kiln noted in pipe trench.

1982 to 1984.
Fieldwork produced Iron Age, Roman and Early Saxon sherds.

See full details in file.
E. Rose (NAU) 29 January 1991.

August 1999. Metal detecting. Field 28.
32 Roman, 7 medieval and 8 post medieval coins.
?Bronze Age, Roman, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See finds lists, coin lists and original field find lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 27 June 2000.

September-October 1999. Metal detecting.
Two Roman dolphin brooches.
1 Roman coin.
See list and form in file.
K. Hinds (NLA) 9 March 2000.

October 2001. Metal detecting.
Roman coin. See list in file.
S. Ashley (NLA), 6 December 2001.

February-March 2008. Metal detecting.
5 Romano-British and 1 medieval sherd.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 April 2008.

November-December 2007. Metal detecting.
Silver Late Saxon penny of Cnut.
See list and scanned photographs in file.
S. Howard (NLA), 21 May 2010.

November-December 2011. Metal-detecting.
Medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval metal objects, and one post-medieval coin (not seen by I&RS).
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 17 January 2012.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FEATURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POTTERY KILN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SITE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TIMBER FRAMED BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GRUBENHAUS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • FLAKED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KILN WASTE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 138 AD to 260 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 138 AD to 260 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Late Saxon to Post Medieval - 1000 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD?)
  • FLASK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • LOCK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1100 AD to 1600 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1494 AD to 1501 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CROTAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS HOOK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1579 AD to 1579 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1800 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: See file.
---Aerial Photograph: TG2123 A-C, W-X; TG2223 A-AFS,AGR-AGT.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 2123AD - AE.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Unpublished Document: Knowles, A. K.. 1968. Roman Pottery Kilns at Brampton Norfolk.
---Unpublished Report: Knowles, A. K.. 1967. A Roman Pottery Kiln at Brampton, Norfolk.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1975. Excavations described.. 15 December.
---Serial: Green, C.. 1977. East Anglian Archaeology.. No 5. pp 31-97.
---Illustration: Unknown. Drawings of Romano British pottery sherds.. Card. 1:1.
---Illustration: Unknown. Sketch plans of Romano British pottery kilns.. Card.
---Illustration: Clough, T.. 1971. Drawings of Neolithic flint axes.. Card. 1:1.
---Illustration: Milligan, W.. 1971. Drawing of a Romano British enamelled bronze terret.. Card. 2:1.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Brampton (4).
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Brampton [12].
---Monograph: Swan, V. G.. 1984. The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments Supplementary Series. 5.
---Article in Serial: Clarke, R. R. 1955. Norwich Museum Excavations 1954. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin. Series 1 No 7 (for 1954) p 1.
---Article in Serial: Knowles, A. K. 1967. A Roman Pottery Kiln at Brampton, Norfolk. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin. Series 1 No 17 pp 12-15.
---Article in Serial: Knowles, A. K. 1969. Further Work on Roman Pottery Kilns at Brampton, Norfolk. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin. Series 1 No 18 pp 14-19.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Fiche: Exists.
---Unpublished Document: Gregory, T. 1980. Brampton Kiln Field.

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