Record Details

NHER Number:9789
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman and medieval finds

Summary

Cropmarks of several possible Bronze Age ring ditches can be seen on aerial photographs of this area and are now recorded under NHER 51961-6. A watching brief here before the construction of a reservoir found no archaeological features or finds, although metal detecting on the site has recovered Roman metal objects including coins, a lead steelyard weight and one arm of a pair of tweezers.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 23 04
Map Sheet:TG20SW
Parish:CAISTOR ST EDMUND, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK
MARKSHALL, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

The cropmarks of ring ditches are now numbered under NHER 51961-6.

1928. Aerial photographs.
In field southwest of The Carr, north of Markshall Farm.
Two circular ring ditches.
See (S1), (S2) and (S3).
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

In fact however on (S4) R. R. Clarke (NCM) marks four ring ditches, one with an annexe, and 'road' as dotted lines (date?). (S5) records that local people claim to have seen eight ring ditches when field under barley.
E. Rose (NLA).

Two ring ditches on NAU aerial photogrpahs, each segmented in that they are composed of straight sections of ditch. The larger one, that to the north, is causewayed on the southeast, Adjacent to these features are marks of two trackways running east to west.
D. A. Edwards (NAU), 17 February 1981.

Are these markings periglacial?
A. J. Lawson (NAU).

July 1997.
It was the opinion of E. Rose, D. Gurney, D. Edwards, J. Allen and P. Wade-Martins (all NLA), who jointly examined the photographs 15 July 1997, that though there is periglacial background, the main circular features are definitely some sort of causewayed ring ditches.
E. Rose (NLA), 15 July 1997.

22 December 1998.
Observation of trial pits in area directly north of Markshall Farm, in advance of reservoir construction, revealed no archaeological finds or features.
See (S6) in file.
E. Rose (NLA) 6 September 1999.

25 June 1996. NLA air photography.
Cropmarks of two ring ditches visible.
H. Clare (NLA), 23 August 2001.

2 July 1996. NLA air photography.
Three ring ditches visible. The largest of which is segmented and has an entrance, suggesting a hengiform monument.
S. Massey (NLA), 23 July 2001.

December 2000 to October 2001. Metal detecting. [1]
Three Roman coins.
Two Roman coins and ?Roman tweezers. [2]
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 14 February 2002.

January/February 2002. Metal detecting.
Roman coin and steel yard weight from eastern field.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 March 2002.

September 2005.
Ring ditches are also visible on CUCAP aerial photograph (S7).
S. Tremlett (NLA), 27 September 2005.

February 2006. Metal detecting.
One medieval coin.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 28 March 2006.

February 2009. Norfolk NMP.
The cropmarks of ring ditches previously recorded at this site are now under NHER 51961-5 and NHER 51966 is the number assigned for the whole barrow cemetery.
S. Horlock (NMP), 27 February 2009.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TG2304 A-AC,AE-AP,AS-AU,AX,AY,ABD-M.
---Unpublished document: Penn, K.. 1998. NAU Report No. 431. Report on an Archaeological Watching Brief at Markshall Farm, Caistor St Edmund..
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 2304ABU - ABV.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 2304ABN - ABP.
---Publication: Corbishley, M.J.. 1982. AM107.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Caister-by-Norwich.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Article in serial: Clarke, R. R. 1935. Notes on the Archaeology of Markshall. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXV Pt III pp 354-367. p 357, map.
<S2>Publication: 1938. Norfolk Annual.
<S3>Article in serial: Clark, G. 1936. The Timber Monument at Arminghall and its Affinities. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. Vol II Pt 1 pp 1-51. pp 3-4, fig 2.
<S4>Map: NCM. NCM Record Map.
<S5>Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards.
<S6>Unpublished document: Penn, K.. 1998. NAU Report No. 431. Report on an Archaeological Watching Brief at Markshall Farm, Caistor St Edmund..
<S7>Oblique Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. 1957. NHER TG 2304ABW (CUCAP VT83) 18-JUL-1957.

Related records

39304Related to: Roman coins, Middle Saxon tweezers and post-medieval buckle (Find Spot)

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