Record Details

NHER Number:9270
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Roman buildings, Roman inhumation and multi-period finds

Summary

Investigation of this site since 1969 has uncovered a variety of archaeological finds and features. Prehistoric, Roman, medieval and post medieval material has been recorded, including evidence for several Roman buildings, a small Roman lead coffin containing the remains of an infant and numerous Roman pottery sherds and coins. Faint cropmarks visible on aerial photographs, including what appears to be part of an enclosure, are also likely to relate to the Roman site.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 14 05
Map Sheet:TG10NW
Parish:GREAT MELTON, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK
HETHERSETT, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Site of a Roman villa

1969. Casual observation. Context 1.
Roman building material and pottery were observed during ploughing.
The building rubble consisted of bricks, tiles, flint, and mortar.
The pottery assemblage included greyware, Samian, and domestic wares.
See (S7) for cropmark evidence for this area.
Information from [1]. Originally compiled by E.B. Green (card).

1970. Casual observation. Context 1.
Further Roman building material was observed.
This was described as a 'mass' of building material including floor tiles (pammets) and sandy clay material as well as 'masses' of oyster shells and bone found near pottery. The majority of the pottery assemblage has been dated to the 2nd or 3rd century, with one sherd from a late 1st to early 2nd century.
Information from [1].

1976.
Neolithic flint found.

1977.
Roman sherds and coins found.

1978.
Roman building material seen in ditches; Neolithic flints.

1979. Metal detecting.
Roman coin found.

1979 to 1980.
Roman and prehistoric sherds found.

1980.
Roman pottery and building material, lynch pin, medieval sherds and chape and Iron Age sherds found.

1980 to 1981. Metal detecting.
Much Roman (S9 and S10) metalwork and coins, medieval (S11) and post medieval (S12, S13, S14) objects. Medieval plaque (S15).

Early to mid 1980s. Context 1.
Papal bulla.

1982.
Further traces Roman building in trenches, (S8).

1983. Metal detecting.
Roman coins and metalwork.

1984. Metal detecting.
Roman coins.

1985. Excavation and metal detecting.
Inhumation in lead coffin. Roman coins and metalwork.

1986. Metal detecting.
Medieval coin.

1987. Metal detecting.
Roman metalwork and pottery.

1988. Metal detecting.
Roman coins and metalwork.

1992. Metal detecting.
Early Saxon brooch. Roman, medieval and post medieval coins.

1993. Metal detecting.
Roman coins.

1994. Fieldwalking.
Roman pottery.
See details in file.
Coin lists, fieldwork notes (S1), skeletal report (S2), drawings (S3) in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 14 September 1994.

January 2001. Field observation.
Pot and tile scatter.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 February 2001.

November 2002. Metal detecting.
Two Roman, one medieval and one post medieval coin.
Roman knife handle.
Metalworking debris.
See list and sketch plan in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 15 February 2003.

December 2004/January 2005. Metal detecting.
Three Roman and one medieval coins.
Roman, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 March 2005.

Before 18 May 2005. Fieldwalking.
Late prehistoric and Neolithic worked flints.
Predominantly Roman finds.
See lists and (S4) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 June 2006.

May 2010. Norfolk NMP.
Faint cropmarks, including what appears to be part of a rectilinear enclosure, are visible on aerial photographs (S5), centred at TG 1449 0563. They are likely to relate to the Roman site described above. Unfortunately the cropmarks are not particularly clear, nor are they visible on any of the other aerial photographs consulted, and consequently their form, and even their archaeological significance, is not entirely certain.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 26 May 2010.

April-August 2011. Geophysical survey.
Magnetometer survey recorded a series of positive linear anomalies forming a rectilinear pattern. These appear to form a C-shaped structure with two north-west to south-east aligned wings and one north-east to south-west section adjacent to the modern field boundary at the western end. The magnetic responses are characteristic of cut and backfilled ditches rather than masonry foundations, although an area of magnetic disturbance towards the north-western corner of the features may indicate a spread of thermoremnantly magnetised material such as ceramics and brick in the ploughsoil and finds of Roman tegulae and tesserae were noted on the surface during the survey. Several discrete positive anomalies towards the south-western edge of the features indicate the presence of several pits.
See (S6) for further information.
H. Hamilton (HES), 30 May 2013.

October 2012. Stray find.
One Roman coin.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 3 January 2013.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE? (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Upper Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 40000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DITCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VILLA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • LINCH PIN (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • OYSTER SHELL (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • CORE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • CORE (Upper Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 40000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Upper Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 40000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Upper Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 40000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Upper Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 40000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FLAKE (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • KNIFE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC? to 42 AD?)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUILDING MATERIAL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUILDING MATERIAL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUILDING MATERIAL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUILDING MATERIAL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUILDING MATERIAL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUILDING MATERIAL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUILDING MATERIAL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUILDING MATERIAL (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • BUILDING MATERIAL (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • BUILDING MATERIAL (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • BUTTON AND LOOP FASTENER (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COFFIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COLANDER (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLOOR TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • IMBREX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • IMBREX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LINCH PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEGULA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEGULA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEGULA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEGULA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEGULA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEGULA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TESSERA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TOILET ARTICLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 75 AD to 200 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 80 AD to 81 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 125 AD to 150 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 175 AD to 299 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 200 AD to 399 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 260 AD to 268 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 260 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 268 AD to 270 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 268 AD to 270 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 320 AD to 324 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 337 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 337 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 337 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 337 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 341 AD to 346 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 341 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 353 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 353 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 355 AD to 361 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 367 AD to 375 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 388 AD to 402 AD)
  • BULL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PLAQUE (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STUD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1100 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1270 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1399 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1499 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1377 AD to 1399 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JEWS HARP (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPOON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1544 AD to 1551 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1550 AD to 1610 AD)
  • PURSE (Post Medieval - 1550 AD to 1575 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1575 AD to 1700 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1699 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1660 AD to 1720 AD)
  • BRICK (Modern to Cold War - 1901 AD? to 1980 AD?)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 10 NW 11.
---Vertical Aerial Photograph: Infoterra and Bluesky Ltd. 2006. Google Earth TG 1452 0561 (Infoterra 11-SEPT-2006).
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Hethersett [2].
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Illustration: Gregory, T.. 1985. Drawing of a cross section of Trench 22.. Film. Unknown.
---Photograph: CUC 1-12.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Gregory, A.. 1982. Hethersett/Great Melton Roman sites.
<S2>Unpublished Document: McKinley, J.I.. 1985. Report on infant remains from a lead coffin.
<S4>Map: Finder's Map..
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1969. OS/69252 406-7 13-JUN-1969 (NMR).
<S6>Unpublished Document: Butler, A.. 2011. Northamptonshire Archaeology Report 11/184. Additional archaeological geophysical survey on land north of Hethersett, Norfolk..
<S7>Aerial Photograph: RAF. RAF 106G UK 1429.
<S8>Illustration: Gregory, T. 1982. A location plan of the trenches walked and recorded after pipes laid between October 4-5 1982.. Film. 1:200.
<S9>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a Roman terminal.. Paper. 1:1.
<S10>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a Roman mount.. Paper. 1:1.
<S11>Illustration: Milligan, W.. 1981. Drawing of a medieval cauldron/vessel foot.. Card. 1:1.
<S12>Illustration: Milligan, W.. 1981. Drawing of a post-medieval copper alloy spur fragment.. Card. 1:1.
<S13>Illustration: Milligan, W.. 1981. Drawing of a post-medieval iron buckle.. Card. 1:1.
<S14>Illustration: Milligan, W.. 1981. Drawing of a post-medieval copper alloy belt fitting.. Card. 1:1.
<S15>Illustration: Milligan, W.. 1981. Drawing of a medieval gilt copper alloy plaque.. Paper. 1:1.

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37645Related to: Roman drying building, farmstead, quarries, ditches and pits, Myrtle Road (Monument)

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