Record Details

NHER Number:7586
Type of record:Monument
Name:Brampton Piece Roman and Iron Age site, Bolwick

Summary

Excavations here between 1939 and 1956 found evidence for an Iron Age rectangular enclosure and associated settlement, Roman buildings, drainage ditches and a lime kiln dating to between the 2nd and 3rd century AD. The Roman buildings were systematically pulled down in the 4th century. These features can be seen on aerial photographs of the area. The site has now been scheduled. Metal detecting with permission on the site has recovered many Roman coins, brooches and metal working scrap. Saxon, medieval and post medieval finds were also recovered.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 20 24
Map Sheet:TG22SW
Parish:AYLSHAM, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Site of Roman and Iron Age buildings and kilns.

1938 to 1939.
Discovery and excavation of Roman buildings.
The results of this work are briefly discussed in (S1).

July-August 1950. Excavation.
Excavation of Iron Age farm and Roman structures.
See interim report (S2) for further details.

September-October 1951. Excavation.
Further excavations and surface finds of Roman material.
See interim report (S3) for further details.

1952.
Excavation of Roman buildings.
See interim report (S4) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised by (S5) and in (S6).

August 1953. Excavation.
Further Roman buildings located.
See interim report (S4) for further details.

1956.
Excavation of Iron Age settlement.
The results of this work are summarised in (S7).

1957.
Roman sherds found.
Reported in (S10).

1982. Metal detecting.
Roman coins.

1984. Metal detecting.
Early Saxon brooch.

1985. Metal detecting.
Roman brooch.

1997.
Roman brooch.
Medieval coins and purse frame bar.
Post medieval coins.

See (S8), full lists of finds, detailed interim reports in file.
D. Gurney (NLA) 8 October 1997.

December 2003 to January 2004. Metal-detecting.
21 Roman coins, 6 pottery sherds, 1 roofing tile fragment. 1 Tesserae, 1 fragment of bracelet, 1 stud and 1 metal working scrap.
1 medieval buckle frame, 1 pottery sherd (Grimston) and 1 lead wall/ceiling decoration.
1 medieval to post medieval vessel leg fragment, 1 cauldron leg fragment and 1 chafing dish fragment.
1 post-medieval button, 1 mount fragment, 1 lead cloth seal, 1 spoon fragment and 1 lead weight (1oz).
1 post-medieval/modern mount, 1 shoe buckle, 1 ?machine hinge mechanism, 1 glass fragment and 1 'T' shaped object.
1 undatable nail, 1 lead pipe fragment and 2 lumps of Ae slag.
Objects Identified by S. Ashley (NLA), Coins identified by A. Marsden (NLA). See lists and (S9) showing grid in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 16 February 2004.
Updated by J. Page (HES), 19 February 2014.

January/February 2004. Metal-detecting.
17 Roman coins and 1 key.
1 Early Saxon cuniform brooch.
1 medieval coin.
3 post-medieval coins and 1 sword/dagger chape.
1 undatable ring.
Objects Identified by S. Ashley (NLA) and coins by A. Marsden (NLA). See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 March 2004.
Updated by J. Page (HES), 19 February 2014.

February/March 2004. Metal-detecting.
2 Roman coins and 1 lead cloth mend.
1 medieval lead pot mend.
1 medieval/post medieval vessel fragment, 3 lead weights and 1 ?suspension loop fragment.
1 post-medieval coin and 1 lead cloth seal.
1 post-medieval/modern furniture handle, 3 shoe buckle fragments, 2 unidentifed objects (1 lead), 1 pewter medallion Fragment, 1 pewter harness mount and 1 buckle frame fragment.
2 Undatable lead weights, 1 lump of casting waste, 1 unidentifed object and 1 lead plumb bob.
Objects identified by S. Ashley (NLA), coins by A. Marsden (NLA). See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 16 April 2004.
Updated by J. Page (HES), 19 February 2014.

Before 2 February 2009. Metal detecting
Roman, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval sherds, thirty-two Roman coins, one medieval and one post-medieval coin, Roman brooch, belt fitting, finger ring, harness fitting, and furniture fitting, Early Saxon brooch, medieval buckle, post-medieval buttons and finger ring & undatable casting waste.
see lists in file
A. Rogerson (NLA) 20 March 2009.

Before 24 March 2009. Metal detecting.
Thirty-nine Roman, two medieval and one post-medieval coin, Roman brooch, bead, unidentified object, medieval belt mount, post-medieval sword belt fitting, knife and cloth seals.
See list in file
A. Rogerson, (NLA), 18 July 2009.

April-May 2011. Metal-detecting. [1].
Eighteen Roman, four medieval and two post-medieval coins, Roman, Early Saxon, medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file and PAS records for coins.
A. Rogerson (HES), 15 June 2012.

Monument Types

  • HEARTH (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • DITCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BARN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DITCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LIME KILN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TESSELLATED FLOOR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • LIME KILN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • CASTING WASTE (Unknown date)
  • KNIFE (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • PIPE (ARCHITECTURAL) (Unknown date)
  • PLUMB BOB (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • CRUCIBLE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • QUERN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Iron Age to Roman - 200 BC to 244 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KILN FURNITURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TESSERA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 64 AD to 138 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 98 AD to 117 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 117 AD to 125 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 117 AD to 192 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 125 AD to 138 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 138 AD to 260 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 145 AD to 175 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 161 AD to 270 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 260 AD to 280 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 270 AD to 270 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 278 AD to 278 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 293 AD to 296 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 319 AD to 319 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 324 AD to 326 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 348 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT MEND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (12th Century - 1194 AD to 1200 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1280 AD to 1280 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1280 AD to 1281 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPOON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (17th Century - 1604 AD to 1619 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century - 1625 AD to 1649 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century - 1635 AD to 1636 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TG 2024/A-.
---Serial: 1956. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries. No 3. p 2.
---Article in Serial: Tylecote, R. and Owles, E. 1961. A Second-Century Iron Smelting Site at Ashwicken, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXII pp 142-162. p 142.
---Monograph: 1977. [unknown]. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol V.
---Designation: [unknown]. Ancient Monuments Form. SAM Record. DNF219.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 2024H - M.
---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 22 SW 1 [6].
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Photograph: 2004. KVF 7, Early Saxon cruciform brooch..
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Aylsham.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Iron Age. Aylsham [2].
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Aylsham [5].
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Illustration: Unknown. 1983. Find locations from Winter 1982-83 at Bolwick Hall, Aylsham.. Film. Unknown.
---Photograph: CQB 4-5.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1951. House of Roman era at Marsham being excavated. 11 September.
---Newspaper Article: Norfolk News. 1951. Volunteers excavate Roman house. 14 September.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1952. Roman dwelling remains disclosed by digging. 23 August.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1953. Part of Roman kiln revealed by excavations at Aylsham. 31 August.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Article in Serial: Wake, T. 1942. Some Recent Archaeological Discoveries in Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXVIII Pt I pp 23-30. pp 27 ff.
<S2>Unpublished Report: Larwood, G. P. 1950. Excavations on an Iron Age and Romano-British Site at Bolwick Hall, Alysham, July-August 1950. Interim Report.
<S3>Unpublished Document: Barnett, G. W. T. 1951. Excavations at Aylsham, 1951.
<S4>Unpublished Report: Larwood, G. P. 1952. Brief Interim Report on Excavations on Brampton Piece, Aylsham, August 1952.
<S5>Unpublished Report: Baggs, A. P. 1953. Norfolk Research Committee Excavations at Bolwick Hall, Aylsham, August 1953.
<S5>Unpublished Report: Clarke, R. R. 1953. Excavations at Aylsham, Discoveries on Roman Farm.
<S6>Article in Serial: Clarke, R. R. 1954. Norfolk Research Committee Excavations 1953. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin. Series 1 No 6 (for 1953) p 1.
<S7>Article in Serial: Clarke, R. R. 1957. Norfolk Research Committee Excavations 1956. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin. Series 1 No 9 (for 1956) p 1.
<S8>Designation: English Heritage. Scheduling Report.
<S9>Map: Finder's Map..
<S10>Serial: 1957. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries. No 4. p 1.

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