Record Details

NHER Number:6203
Type of record:Monument
Name:Bronze Age barrow, Three Farthing Hill

Summary

The site of a Bronze Age round barrow, visible as earthwork on Salthouse heath, on 1946 RAF aerial photographs. The barrow was excavated in 1850, when several cremation urns, urn fragments and flint tools were recovered. Subsequent disturbances, particularly World War Two trenches, have left the barrow somewhat mutilated.

Images

  • Three Farthing Hill, a Bronze Age barrow on Salthouse Heath  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:TG 0772 4200
Map Sheet:TG04SE
Parish:SALTHOUSE, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1850. Site excavated.
Barrow 12.2m (40 feet) in diameter, 1.5m (5 feet) high.
Undecorated urn (NCM), large, of brown clay filled with sand, charcoal and burnt bones. 90cm (three feet) from the surface in centre of barrow was another fine urn surrounded by wall of flints. Urn 44.5cm (17 1/2 inches high, 56cm (22 inches) round base plain. Fragments of another urn also found.
Urn Late Bronze Age.
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

A J. Lawson (NAU) gives details as:
Barrow recently disturbed by rabbiters; large urn fragments at 1.2m (4 feet) (collared urn in NCM) filled with burnt bones but broken previous day by rabbiter. Not in centre of barrow. In centre at 90cm (3 feet) from surface, urn surrounded by large flints standing on bed of gravel at level of natural. Complete biconical urn. Fragments of another urn on southeast; probably Beaker.
(See NHER 6204).
Excavator Greville Chester.

Cutting in NCM Bolingbroke collection says 'In Farthing Hill on Salthouse Heath a large flint implement was found by Mr Greville Chester and given to the Norwich Museum'.
E. Rose (NAU).

1974.
Mound now 15m in diameter, 1.4m high, gorse covered, mutilated.
A. J. Lawson (NAU), 30 January 1974.


Copy of photograph of urn in file.

December 1983.
No change.
J. Wymer (NAU).

Schedule in file.

October 2002. Norfolk NMP.
Earthworks of round barrow, visible on the 1946 RAF aerial photographs (S1). The diameter of the mound appears to be around 15m. Trenches and pits have been dug into the mound, which have previously been interpreted as excavation trenches. However the 1946 RAF aerial photographs (S1) would indicate that these trenches were World War Two in date (see NHER 27880), although these may have incorporated the line of existing trenches.
S. Massey (NMP), 23 December 2002.

May 2003. Field observations. National Grid Reference obtained by Global Positioning Satellite; TG 07730 42009.
Under bracken with one lonely gorse bush on top. Hollow in top and into one side, presumably earlier (? World War Twp)) excavations.
D. Gurney (NLA), 18 June 2003.

Monument Types

  • CREMATION (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

Associated Finds

  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • Management Statement

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: HQ 3, 5, BVR 1-3, HQ 10-12, CXV 9.
---Monograph: 1901. The Victoria History of Norfolk. The Victoria History of the Counties of England. Vol 1. pp 272, 277.
---Aerial Photograph: TG0742A-D.
---Unpublished document: H. Paterson (A&E), MPP. Section 17 Management Agreement.
---Scheduling record: Corbishley, M.. 1983. AM107.
---Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 04 SE 15 [3].
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Salthouse [2].
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1571 3166-7 07-JUN-1946 (NMR).
<S4>Article in serial: Chester, G. J.. 1859. Account of the Discovery of Ancient British Remains, Near Cromer. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol VI pp 263-267.
<S5>Article in serial: Archaeological Journal. Vol VII, pp 392-3. pp 392-393.
<S6>Article in serial: Harrod, H. 1852. On the Weybourne Pits. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol III pp 232-240. p 236.
<S7>Article in serial: Clarke, W. G. 1913. Norfolk Barrows. The Antiquary. Vol XLIX pp 416-423. p 421.
<S8>Publication: Grinsell. 1953. Ancient Burial Mounds. p.66.
<S9>Publication: Abercromby, J. 1912. A Study of the Bronze Age Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland and its Associated Grave-Goods. Vol 2. Plate XCVI Fig 480.

Related records

38629Part of: Salthouse Barrow Cemetery (Monument)
27880Related to: Site of World War Two military trenches (Monument)

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