Record Details

NHER Number:4252
Type of record:Monument
Name:Multi-period finds and possible Roman kiln

Summary

In 1970 a broken worked flint, possibly an adze or sickle blade, was recovered from the ground surface and fieldwalking in 1982 and 1987 found a large concentration of Roman pottery sherds (Nar Valley Ware) and medieval pottery sherds and tiles. Later metal-detecting in 2014 recovered a quantity of Roman coins; the occassional Late Iron Age, Late Saxon and medieval coins; medieval jettons and Roman and medieval metal objects. The metal finds include a Roman plate brooch and a medieval tripod ewer leg.
The concentration of Roman pottery sherds may relate to a pottery kiln on this site or to the contemporary kilns in the area (see NHER 4282).

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF60NE
Parish:SHOULDHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1970.
Broken worked flint, surface find, could be adze or sickle blade.
Information from member of the public [1].
NCM card.

2 December 1982.
Large concentration of Roman sherds, probably debris from kilns on site NHER 4282. Densest concentration at 6845 0948, but material spreads from south end of field for nearly 200m north, and eastwards for about 40m except where appears to be tongue of material around north slopes of natural spur to 6858 0953. This may simply be spread but possibility of other kilns cannot be ruled out.
Also small scatter of flints including a scraper at 6844 0943. (Beaker - F. Healy (NAU))
R. Silvester (NAU) December 1982.

19 October 1987. Rewalking showed this spread is only eastern end of large spread containing sites NHER 4282 and 4255 (contexts 7-8).
Nar valley sherds.
Total area of whole: 420m (northeast-southwest) x 170m (northwest-southeast) at 9.2m (30ft) OD.
R. Silvester (NAU) 20 October 1987.

Some of the material found by R. Silvester (NAU) has been reidentified as medieval pottery and medieval tile.
For full details of wares, flint types etc see Fenland Folders.

September-October 2014. Metal-detecting. [2].
37 Roman coins and a plate brooch.
2 medieval jettons and a medieval tripod ewer leg.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 3 November 2014.

October-November 2014. Metal-detecting. [3].
1 Late Iron Age coin.
29 Roman coins.
1 Late Saxon coin.
2 medieval coins.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 8 January 2015.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POTTERY WORKS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age - 50 BC to 20 BC)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PLATE BROOCH (Roman - 150 AD to 250 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 253 AD to 260 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 260 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 268 AD to 270 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 268 AD to 270 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 269 AD to 271 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 269 AD to 271 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 271 AD to 274 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 402 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 402 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 286 AD to 293 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 293 AD to 296 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 337 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 341 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 348 AD to 353 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 367 AD to 375 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 367 AD to 375 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 388 AD to 392 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 388 AD to 402 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 388 AD to 402 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 388 AD to 402 AD)
  • COIN (Late Saxon - 1050 AD to 1053 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (13th Century - 1280 AD to 1281 AD)
  • EWER (14th Century to 15th Century - 1320 AD to 1450 AD)
  • JETTON (14th Century - 1350 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (15th Century - 1461 AD to 1483 AD)
  • JETTON (15th Century to 16th Century - 1497 AD to 1521 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. SHD 1. FENS.
---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. SHD 2. FENS.
---Publication: Smallwood, J.. 1999. The Annual.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 60 NE 21.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Shouldham.
<S1>Serial: 1969. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1969. No 16. p 8.

Related records - none

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