Record Details

NHER Number:38190
Type of record:Monument
Name:Hockering Wood and RAF Hockering Forward Ammunition Depot

Summary

A large ancient wood containing medieval to post medieval earthwork banks and a medieval moated site, see NHER 7307. During World War Two the wood was used by the RAF as an ammunition depot, and a network of concrete roads, buildings, bomb stores and water tanks survive within the wood.

Images

  • A World War Two bomb bay within Hockering Wood  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service
  • A World War Two Nissen hut at the edge of Hockering Wood  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:TG 0726 1438
Map Sheet:TG01SE
Parish:HOCKERING, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

'Ancient woodland' containing moated site NHER 7307.
Extensive remains of World War Two activity, including concrete tracks, buildings, ammunition dispersals and water tanks.
See 1946 APs and papers in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 15 April 2003.

There are also earthwork banks that appear to be earlier woodland boundaries or divisions.
The wood is notable for the occurrence of small-leaved lime.
E. Rose (NLA), 15 April 2004.

See contemporary (1942) plan (S1) in file, showing detailed site layout.
D. Gurney (NLA), 2 February 2004.

According to one of the workers in the wood the various tracks were named after London streets e.g. The Mall. This information originally came from someone who had been stationed in the wood during WW2.
D. Gurney (NLA), 8 December 2008.

2007. UEA Landscape III course survey project (S2). Details to follow.
The site has been identified as a Forward Ammunition Depot under the command of No. 231 Maintenance Unit that was primarily designed to store and supply bombs to 2 Group Bomber Command in Norfolk. Constructed in the latter half of 1942, it was designed as a response to an increasing shortfall in the amount of bombs required to continue the air war over Axis controlled Europe.
See site map in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 6 April 2009.
S. Howard (NLA), 7 May 2010.

Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WOOD (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WOOD BANK (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • AMMUNITION DEPOT (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • AMMUNITION DUMP (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • BOMB STORE (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • MILITARY BUILDING (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • NISSEN HUT (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • WATER TANK (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. TG 0714A-B.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Map: Air Ministry Works Directorate. 1942. Hockering, Layout of Forward Ammunition Dump..
<S2>Article in serial: Swingler, B. (UEA Landscape Group). 2008. Danger Area: The Archaeology of Second World War Bomb Dumps in Hockering Wood, Norfolk.. The Prospect. Issue 7, Spring 2008.

Related records

41910Parent of: World War Two building, Stone Road (Monument)
7307Related to: Medieval moat (Monument)

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