Record Details

NHER Number:31418
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible Roman settlement and multi-period finds

Summary

Metal-detecting between 1994 and 2013 has revealed the site of a possible Roman settlement in Forncett. Roman finds from the site include pottery and metal artefacts, over 100 coins (including a Mark Antony legionary coin), a finger ring, brooches and a bracelet reused as a finger ring. Non-Roman finds include part of a Middle Bronze Age rapier blade and a Late Bronze Age socketed axehead; an Iron Age Iceni coin; Early Saxon brooches; a medieval coin hoard of two coins, buckles, brooches, an ampulla, seal marix and a chafing dish handle; a medieval/post-medieval vessel fragment and post-medieval dress accessories, jettons, lead weights and part of a dagger.

Images

  • Bronze Age rapier from NHER 31418  © Norfolk County Council
  • Bronze Age rapier from NHER 31418  © Norfolk County Council
  • Part of a post-medieval coin hoard from NHER 31418  © Norfolk County Council
  • Part of a post-medieval coin hoard from NHER 31418  © Norfolk County Council
  • Medieval annular brooch  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TM19SE
Parish:FORNCETT, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1994. Metal detecting. Context 1.
Rear hook brooch, 40 to 60/65 AD.
Identified by D. Mackreth, June 1995.
Polaroid (S1) in file.
W. Milligan (NCM), 16 January 1995.

1995. Metal detecting.
Legionary denarius.
Nine medieval coins.
Six post medieval coins.
See list in file.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM), 22 May 1995.
Roman toilet article (nail cleaner).
Two medieval discs.
Two medieval/post medieval lead weights.
Early post medieval chafing dish handle.
Polaroids (S1) and list in file.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM), June 1995.
W. Milligan (NCM), 8 February 1995.

1995. Metal detecting.
Henry II penny.
See list in file.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM), 28 March 1995.
W. Milligan (NCM) 13 March 1995.

August 1996. Context 2. Metal detecting rally.
Iron Age coin.
Roman brooch.
Medieval and post medieval coins, oysters.
See list in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 27 August 1996.

May 1997. Metal detecting.
Twenty-seven Roman coins, lead weight, bracelet reused as finger ring, hairpin, crossbow brooch terminal, belt fitting.
Medieval buckle.
Post medieval jetton and handle.
See coin forms and list in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 1997.

1997 or earlier. Metal detecting.
Eleven Roman coins.
Centre loop cosmetic mortar, (S3).
Four brooches and ?military belt/apron mount.
See list and form in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 7 November 1997.

December 1997 and 1998. Metal detecting.
Roman and medieval/early post medieval coins
Late Bronze Age socketed axe fragment
Roman and Early Saxon brooches.
Medieval and post medieval finds.
See lists in file.
K. Sussams (NCM), 13 May 1999.

December 1998 to January 1999. Metal detecting. By member of the public [1].
Twenty-six Roman coins.
Roman sherds.
Roman metal finds.
Early Saxon cruciform brooch knob, (S4).
Post medieval sherd.
Undatable metal finds.
See lists in file.

January to February 1999 and October to November 1999. Metal detecting. By member of the public [2].
Five and four Roman coins.
Two Roman brooches.
Post medieval metal finds.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 March 2000.

October to November 2000. Metal detecting.
Fourteen Roman and one medieval coin.
Roman and medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 December 2000.

January 2001. Metal detecting.
Fourteen Roman coins.
Roman sherds and metal finds.
Medieval coin.
Post medieval lead pin.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 21 February 2001.

August-September 2005. Metal detecting.
Six Roman and two post medieval coins.
One post medieval jetton and one post medieval token.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 16 November 2005.

August-September 2005. Metal detecting.
Three Roman coins.
Roman and medieval sherds.
Medieval coin.
Medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 19 October 2005.

December 2005.
The Roman finds suggest that this may be the site of a Roman settlement.
D. Robertson & A. Rogerson (NLA), 15 December 2005.

August-September. Metal-detecting.
One Roman coin, Romano-British and medieval/post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 20 October 2010.

August 2011. Metal-detecting.
Probable hoard of two medieval coins, one other medieval coin and one post-medieval coin, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 21 September 2011.

August-September 2011. Metal-detecting.
Post-medieval coin and jetton, medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 19 October 2011.

March 2012.
Treasure report on the hoard of two medieval groats found August 2011 and reported as treasure case 2011 T617, added to file.
E. Darch (HES), 27 March 2012

5 July 2012.
The hoard of groats found in August 2011 and reported as Treasure Case 2011 T617, were declared Treasure at inquest on 5 July 2012.
E. Darch (HES), 13 July 2012.

September-October 2012. Metal-detecting. [1].
Middle Bronze Age copper alloy rapier blade, (S5).
2 Roman coins.
1 medieval coin, a brooch and buckles.
1 post-medieval coin, buckle and a lead weight
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 4 December 2012.

July-September 2013. Metal-detecting. [2].
Medieval seal matrix and buckle frame.
Medieval/post-medieval buckle.
1 post-medieval jetton.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 11 November 2013.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • (Undated)
  • FINGER RING (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Undated)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • SOCKETED AXEHEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • RAPIER (Middle Bronze Age to Late Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1000 BC)
  • SOCKETED AXEHEAD (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MIRROR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PALETTE (COSMETIC) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TOILET ARTICLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 260 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 286 AD to 293 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 341 AD to 348 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • AMPULLA (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BARREL PADLOCK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN HOARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DAGGER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DISC (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PADLOCK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1205 AD to 1230 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1375 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1400 AD to 1500 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1500 AD to 1580 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1500 AD to 1800 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DAGGER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPOON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STUD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1560 AD to 1561 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1604 AD to 1605 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1608 AD to 1612 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1636 AD to 1643 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1660 AD to 1720 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
<S2>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2012. Treasure found by Norfolk detectorists. 6 July.
<S3>Illustration: White, S.. 1997. Drawing of a Roman cosmetic mortar.. Film. 2:1.
<S4>Illustration: Holness, A.. 1998. Drawing of An Early Saxon lead knob from a cruciform brooch.. Paper. 1:1.
<S5>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2012. Drawing of a Middle Bronze Age copper alloy rapier blade.. Film. 1:1.

Related records - none

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