Record Details

NHER Number:30867
Type of record:Monument
Name:Probable Roman settlement, Early Saxon inhumation cemetery and multi-period finds

Summary

Metal detecting has recovered a wide range of objects, the earliest of which are a Bronze Age spearhead and an Iron Age coin. A large number of Roman metal finds suggests that there was a Roman settlement on the site; this is evidenced by over 400 Roman coins, numerous brooches, a pin, a finger ring and five bracelets. Early Saxon metal artefacts, including ten brooches, a sword chape, part of two girdle hangers and fragments of three wrist clasps, suggest that the site was also probably an inhumation cemetery. Middle Saxon finds include pins and a brooch. Late Saxon finds include coins, strap ends, a belt fitting and a disc brooch. Medieval and post medieval metalwork finds include coins, tokens and German and French jettons.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF92NW
Parish:COLKIRK, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

1994. Metal detecting by member of the public [1].
Iron Age Icenian 'Norfolk Wolf' stater.
133 Roman coins, Roman brooches, figurines, finger ring, bracelet.
Early Saxon brooches, buckle.
Middle Saxon pin.
Late Saxon strap end, brooch.
Medieval and post medieval coins and metalwork.
Undated bronze ingot.
See forms and list in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 7 September 1994.

[1]'s finds are NCM 1997.86.

1994. Metal detecting by member of the public [2].
Sixty Roman coins, 'Colchester' brooch.
Two Early Saxon brooches.
Two Late Saxon strap ends.
Medieval coins, ?caskets, ?scabbard mount, ?key.
See coin forms and list in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 20 October 1994.

Late 1994. Metal detecting.
Twelve Roman coins.
Nine medieval and post medieval coins and tokens.
See forms in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 3 November 1994.

December 1994. Metal detecting.
Twelve Roman coins, ?stud, brooch, lead-filled head of ?Mercury.
Late Saxon belt fitting.
Medieval and post medieval coins and metalwork.
See forms and list in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 6 January 1995.

1994. Metal detecting.
Further metalwork, including Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon brooches, Late Saxon strap end and unusual buckle.
See list in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 6 December 1994.

Note proximity to site NHER 14216 (field name 'Drake North' indicating barrow).
See also, in file, (S1) to February 1995.
D. Gurney (NLA), 22 February 1995.

February 1995. Metal detecting.
Ten Roman coins, M.Aurelius to HoV, bracelet fragment.
Early Saxon girdle hanger and wrist clasp.
Medieval and post medieval metalwork, coins and jetton.
See list and coin forms in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 28 March 1995.

May 1996. Metal detecting.
Thirteen Roman coins, four brooches, toilet implement, (S2).
Early Saxon cruciform brooch foot.
Four Middle Saxon pins.
Late Saxon coin of Eadgar 959-973.
Medieval and post medieval coins and metalwork.
Undated debris and mount.
See coin forms and list in file.
D.Gurney (NLA), 4 June 1996.

All Early Saxon finds have been plotted onto (S1) in file.
Individual finds have been allocated letters A, B, C etc. Cross referenced to the finds lists.
D. Gurney (NLA), 19 February 1999.

Autumn 1998. Metal detecting.
Roman, medieval and later coins. See forms in file.
Roman ?handle/mount.
Key, brooches and bracelets.
Early Saxon wrist clasp and brooch (donated to NCM).
Late Saxon buckle and strap end.
Medieval object (13th century, ?Limoges work) and mount.
See list in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 15 March 1999.

January 1999. Metal detecting.
Early Saxon cruciform brooch, sword chape and chatelaine disc.
Medieval dagger/knife, mouthpiece.
Early post medieval stud, knife end-cop and lead key
Roman or Early Saxon mount and Roman or Late Saxon/medieval spindle whorl.
See list in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 21 May 1999.

Autumn 1998. Metal detecting.
Twenty eight Roman coins.
Sixteen medieval and post medieval coins and tokens. See forms in file.

January 1999. Metal detecting.
Thirty eight Roman coins.
Eight medieval and post medieval coins and tokens. See forms in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 1 June 1999.

May 1999. Metal detecting.
Sixty seven Roman coins.
Thirteen medieval and post medieval coins and tokens.
See coin forms in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 1999.

May 1999. Metal detecting. By [1] and [2].
One post medieval coin. Found at same time as previously reported coins.
Roman, Early Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 16 November 2000.

2000. Metal detecting.
Early post medieval hooked tag.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 January 2001.

Before 23 February 2001. Metal detecting.
Seventeen Roman coins.
One medieval coin.
One post medieval coin.
Middle/Late Bronze Age (S3), Early Saxon (S4), ?Late Saxon, medieval, post medieval and undatable metal finds, including Early Saxon model for a brooch.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 11 May 2001.

Late 2001. Metal detecting.
Four Roman coins.
Medieval coin.
Four post medieval coins.
Medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 January 2002.

September 2005.
The Roman metalwork from this site suggests that there was a Roman settllement here.
The Early Saxon metalwork from this site suggests that there was an Early Saxon inhumation cemetery here.
D. Robertson (NLA) & A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 September 2005.

Monument Types

  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • INHUMATION CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • INGOT (Undated)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • STRAP FITTING (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • SPEAR (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DRESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STUD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TOILET ARTICLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VOTIVE MODEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • CHATELAINE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SWORD (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • CHATELAINE (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • COIN (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CEREMONIAL OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DAGGER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRESS HOOK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STAMP (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CEREMONIAL OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DISC (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STUD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOY (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Map: Finder's Map..
---Monograph: Ashley, S.. 2002. Medieval Armorial Horse Furniture in Norfolk.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 101.
---Photograph: 2000. KSF 11, Three Early Saxon objects..
---Photograph: 2001. KSY 12, Early Saxon model for a brooch..
---Photograph: 2001. KSY 13, Early Saxon wrist clasp..
---Photograph: 2001. KSY 17-19, Faceted bronze weight..
---Photograph: 1995. LDC 18-19, Early Saxon girdle hanger..
---Photograph: 1995. LDC 20-21, Early Saxon wrist clasp..
---Photograph: 1994. LDM 29-33, Romano British bronze head..
---Photograph: 1994. LDR 1-2, Late Saxon buckle..
---Photograph: 1994. LDR 3-4, Early Saxon cruciform foot..
---Photograph: 1994. LDR 5-6, Early Saxon girdle hanger..
---Photograph: 1994. LDR 7-8, Early Saxon small cruciform fragment..
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Article in serial: Rutledge, P. 1990. Colkirk: a North Norfolk Settlement Pattern. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLI Pt I pp 15-34.
<S2>Illustration: Hoyle, M.. 1999. Drawing of a Roman votire object.. Film. 2:1.
<S3>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 2001. Drawing of a Middle/Late Bronze Age spearhead tip.. Film. 1:1.
<S4>Illustration: Hoyle, M.. 2001. Drawing of an Early Saxon model for a brooch.. Film. 2:1.

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