Record Details

NHER Number:30431
Type of record:Monument
Name:Barningham Park

Summary

A landscape park designed by Humphry Repton in the early 19th century. The park has an ornamental lake, belts of trees around the perimeter of the park, clumps of trees and an avenue. Repton also designed a low raised terrace to the south of the hall, which may be the earliest 19th-century example of this type of terrace in Norfolk. He also designed a flight of steps to the east of the Hall with octagonal stone vases. Some of Repton's original illustrations survive, although his Red Book has probably been lost. Earlier garden features are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs to the northwest of the hall.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 1479 3548
Map Sheet:TG13NW
Parish:MATLASK, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK
PLUMSTEAD, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

The park is not shown on Faden's map (1797) but an avenue axially aligned on the west front of the house is visible and a lake is situated to the north-east of the house, there is also some indication of an enclosed area to the south (S1). Humphrey Repton is known to have worked at Barningham between 1807 and 1813. It is likely that he produced a 'Red Book' or proposal for park development but it is unclear whether his book survives, but a Red Book was shown to E. Rose (NAU) in 1975 at the Hall by the late Sir Charles Mott-Radclyffe. Repton’s proposals may have resulted in the Road Order, which paved the way for park expansion. Repton also proposed the building of Matlaske lodge (NHER 44528). A ‘before and after’ sketch of the Gardens shows the alterations he planned to make there, (S2) states that if the terrace immediately south of the hall is by Repton then it is the first 19th century garden terrace in Norfolk. The sketch does not illustrate any planned wider landscape changes but (S3) states that lake and avenue predate Repton though he replanted the latter and enlarged the park beyond the old road site (NHER 29598). The Draft Ordnance Survey Map dated between 1815 and 1820 (See (S3) for details), shows that the new road had been put in and planted with shelter belts. This map also shows two avenues at right angles to each other, meeting in the middle of the main park, there are not shown on (S4), although this does not often show individual trees. (S4) shows that the east side of the Garden had lost its enclosure, but was probably still defined by a terrace. It also shows a Kitchen Garden (NHER 44548) in the same position in which it stands today.
A slight alteration in the road line in the north west of the park occurred between 1820 and 1842, which resulted in the extension of the north-west of the parkland by 2 hectares. This may have been associated with the building of the Cromer Lodge (NHER 44526). By (S5), the park extended to 150 hectares, about 50 hectares of which were woodland. The dairy farm (NHER 22733) to the north of the park was now also surrounded by parkland. A keeper’s cottage (NHER 22734) was built in 1860 and dedicated to Garibaldi. New stables (NHER 44547) and an icehouse (NHER 39616) were included in the building programme.
The Park is Grade II listed, see (S3) for more details.
E. Rose (NLA) 25 February 1994.
Updated by E. Nicholl (UEA), 8 November 2011.

12 July 1994. NLA air photography.
Cropmarks visible in grounds of Barningham Hall.
Located to the northwest of the house. The cropmarks may be showing an earlier garden/park feature and consist of linear ditches and 2 pit alignments.
H. Clare (NLA), 12 March 2001.

February 1987. Listed, Grade II.
Listing Description:
Flight of stone steps down to east; on top step a pair of octagonal stone vases with splayed faces having blank Gothick arcading.
Information taken from (S6).
S. Spooner (NLA), 11 May 2006.

Monument Types

  • AVENUE (LANDSCAPE FEATURE) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FORMAL GARDEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • GARDEN STEPS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • GARDEN TERRACE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • LANDSCAPE PARK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ORNAMENTAL LAKE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TREE BELT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TREE CLUMP (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VASE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building
  • Registered Park or Garden

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1994. TG 1435AP-AS.
<S1>Publication: Faden, W. and Barringer, J. C. 1989. Faden's Map of Norfolk in 1797.
<S2>Monograph: Williamson, T.. 1998. Archaeology of the Landscape Park: Garden Design in Norfolk, England, c. 1680-1840.. BAR (British Series). Vol 268. pp 201-202.
<S3>Unpublished Document: Norfolk County Council. [unknown]. Inventory of Historic Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Norfolk..
<S4>Map: 1842. Town Barningham Tithe map..
<S5>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1883. Ordnance Survey 6 inch map.
<S6>Designation: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England. List Entry 1152835.
<S7>Designation: English Heritage. Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England..
<S8>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1906 to 1907. Ordnance Survey 2nd edition 6 inch map.

Related records

44526Parent of: Cromer Lodge (Building)
29596Parent of: Earthwork enclosure of unknown date (Monument)
29598Parent of: Earthwork of post medieval road, Barningham Park (Monument)
44548Parent of: Kitchen gardens at Barningham Hall (Building)
39616Parent of: Possible icehouse in grounds of Barningham Hall (Monument)
12169Parent of: Post medieval brick kiln (Monument)
12171Parent of: Post medieval hydraulic ram (Monument)
12170Parent of: Probable site of icehouse (Monument)
44528Parent of: South lodge to Barningham Hall (Building)
6569Part of: Barningham Hall (Building)
12172Related to: Site of medieval hall, Matlask (Monument)
6576Related to: St Mary's Church, Town Barningham or Barningham Winter, Matlask (Building)

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