Record Details

NHER Number:29923
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible site of Early Saxon settlement and burials and multi-period finds

Summary

Metal-detecting between 1992 and 2002 has recovered ?Mesolithic, Early Neolithic and undatable prehistoric worked flints; Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval pottery sherds; Roman, medieval and post-medieval coins; a post-medieval token and a jetton; undatable metal-working debris and Bronze Age to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include a Bronze Age copper alloy rapier fragment; Roman brooches, strap end and buckle; several Early Saxon brooches (including a rare, imported Lombardic silver brooch), buckles, sleeve clasp and girdle hanger; a Late Saxon harness fitting; Late Saxon/medieval iron knives; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories; medieval purse frames, spur, ferrule and copper alloy vessel fragments and a post-medieval coin weight, harness boss and lead cloth seal. The amount of Early Saxon material recovered, particularly the number of pottery sherds, indicates this was an area of Early Saxon settlement. The nature of the Early Saxon metalwork assemblage suggests that inhumation burial of this date may also be present.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF93NW
Parish:WALSINGHAM, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1992-1993. Metal-detecting.
Field divided into areas. Individually located finds include:
1 Early Saxon Lombardic silver brooch (Context 1). Drawn (S1).
1 Early Saxon small-long brooch (Context 2).
1 Early Saxon cruciform brooch detachable knob (location not recorded).
1 Early Saxon wrist clasp (location not recorded).

General finds from southern area:
1 undatable prehistoric flints scraper and 1 worked flint.
14 Iron Age pottery sherds (gritty, predominantly Iron Age).
2 ?Iron Age pottery sherds (1 sandy with bird bone impression and 1 sandy with incised lines).
15 Roman coins, 13 pottery sherds (12 greyware and 1 shelly) and 1 buckle.
94 Early Saxon pottery sherds (sandy and or organic tempered) and 1 buckle.
1 Late Saxon pottery sherd (Thetford type).
3 Late Saxon/medieval iron knives.
2 medieval coins, 6 pottery sherds (3 unglazed, 3 glazed Grimston, 1 strap end, 1 purse frame, 1 mount, 1 belt mount, 1 belt-chape plate, 1 hooked tag, 1 buckle and 4 copper alloy vessel fragments.
1 post-medieval pottery sherd (Glazed Red Earthenware), 1 buckle, 1 harness boss and 1 button.
21 undatable pottery sherds.

Found in Area C ("opposite Mr Landale's House"; Context 3).
2 undatable prehistoric flint scrapers and 4 worked flints.
1 Bronze Age copper alloy rapier fragment. Drawn (S2).
13 Roman coins, 2 pottery sherds (greyware), 1 brooch and 1 strap end.
1 Early Saxon buckle.
1 ?Early Saxon pottery sherd (sand and ?organic tempered).
1 Middle Saxon pottery sherd (pimply Ipswich).
10 Late Saxon pottery sherds (Thetford type) and 1 ?harness attachment plate.
1 medieval coin, 4 pottery sherds (2 unglazed and 2 glazed Grimston), 1 brooch/buckle pin, 2 buckles, 1 mount, 2 strap ends, 1 purse frame, 1 strip, 1 spur, 1 staple and 3 copper alloy vessel fragments.
1 ?medieval copper alloy ring.
1 post-medieval coin and 1 coin weight.

Found in Area A (Context 4):
3 ?Early Saxon pottery sherds (1 gritty, 1 with fine white inclusion and 1 slight pimply).
1 Roman coin.

Found in Area B (Context 5):
5 Roman coins and 3 pottery sherds (greyware).
6 ?Early Saxon pottery sherds (sandy and gritty fabrics, some with oxidised surfaces).

Found in Area D (Context 6):
4 Early Saxon pottery sherds (gritty/sandy/organic tempered).
1 Early Saxon/medieval pottery sherd (handmade sandy).

Found "near a bone on the surface" (not located):
2 ?Early Saxon pottery sherds (1 sandy and 1 with fine white grits).
Bone was cattle.

Coins identified by J. Davies (NCM), animal bone by T. Ashwin (NAU), pottery by A. Rogerson (NLA) and other objects by S. Margeson (NCM). See list, descriptions and finders map (S3) in file. The imported Early Saxon Lombardic brooch is published in (S4).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 August 1993. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 6 July 2014.

1994-1996. Metal-detecting.
From southern area:
1 Early Neolithic flint blade core, 1 end scraper and 2 blades.
6 Roman coins.
1 Late Saxon pottery sherd.
1 medieval coin, 1 belt mount, 1 pendant/hinged fitting and 2 buckles.
1 medieval/post-medieval lead hooked tag and 1 buckle.
1 post-medieval token, 1 jetton and 1 lead cloth seal.
1 undatable lead weight (very unusual).

From area around Lombardic brooch find spot (Context 4):
1 ?Mesolithic flint blade.
1 undatable prehistoric flint blade.
3 Roman coins.
1 Early Saxon brooch.
1 Early Saxon to medieval buckle.
1 medieval buckle, 1 book/box mount fragment, 1 ferrule and 1 copper alloy vessel repair.
1 post-medieval buckle.
1 undatable lump of metalworking debris.

Flints identified by P. Robins (NCM), pottery by A. Rogerson (NLA), numismatic items by J. Davies (NCM) and other objects by H. Geake (NLA). See list and descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 June 1999. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 6 July 2014.

March/April 2002. Metal-detecting.
1 Roman brooch.
1 Early Saxon girdle hanger.
Identified by S. Ashley (NLA), see list and descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 May 2002. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 6 July 2014.

2002-2003. Metal-detecting.
From area around Lombardic brooch find spot (Context 4):
7 Early Saxon pottery sherds.
1 post-medieval button.
Identified by A. Rogerson (NLA), see list and descriptions in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 17 March 2005. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 6 July 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BURIAL (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • POT (Unknown date)
  • WEIGHT (Undated)
  • BLADE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • BLADE (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • BLADE CORE (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • END SCRAPER (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • RAPIER (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC? to 42 AD?)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP END (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon to Medieval - 411 AD to 1539 AD?)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD? to 650 AD?)
  • POT (Early Saxon to Medieval - 411 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING? (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • KNIFE (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FERRULE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PENDANT? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STAPLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: GYF. Early Saxon finds..
---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
---Photograph: 2002. KTG 6, Early Saxon girdle hanger..
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1992. Drawing of an Early Saxon Lombardic brooch.. Film. 2:1.
<S2>Illustration: White, S.. 1993. Drawing of a Bronze Age rapier fragment.. Film. 1:1.
<S3>Map: Finder's Map..
<S4>Article in serial: Ager, B., Ashley, S. and Rogerson A. 1993. Two Norfolk Finds of Imported Continental Brooches. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLI Pt IV pp 510-512.

Related records

28255Part of: Roman and medieval finds scatter (Find Spot)
16257Part of: Roman quern (Find Spot)

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2019 Norfolk Historic Environment Service